Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (5): 940-951.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2018.05.012

• HORTICULTURE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Planting Row Spacing and Irrigation Amount on Comprehensive Quality of Short-Season Cultivation Tomato in Solar Greenhouse in Northwest China

WU XuanYi, CAO HongXia, WANG HuBing, HAO ShuXue   

  1. College of Water Conservancy and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University/Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid Area, Ministry of Education, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi
  • Received:2017-07-20 Online:2018-03-01 Published:2018-03-01

Abstract: 【Objective】The objectives of the study were to investigate the effect of planting row spacing and irrigation amount on the tomato quality cultivated in solar greenhouse in Northwest China, to obtain the best combination of irrigation amount and planting row spacing for the best comprehensive quality, so as to provide a scientific basis and technical guidance for irrigation and cultivation management of greenhouse tomato in the region.【Method】The experiment was conducted in solar greenhouse at the Green Lily fruit and vegetable cooperatives in Yangling Agricultural Hi-tech Industries Demonstration Zone in Shaanxi province. The cultivated varieties of tomato in the experiment was HL2109.The treatments comprised three planting row spacing (L1 (60 cm), L2 (45 cm), L3 (30 cm)), and based on the cumulative evaporation from a 20 cm diameter pan between two irrigations (E), 0.6 E, 0.8 E, 1.0 E, 1.2 E were set as four different levels of irrigation amount, when the cumulative evaporation reached (20±3) mm irrigation will be conduct. The treatments were replicated three times in randomized complete block designs. The comprehensive quality of tomato was evaluated by improved fuzzy grey relational method and CRITIC method, respectively. The two evaluation results were compared and multivariate regression analysis was used to find the best combination of irrigation amount and planting row spacing when the best comprehensive quality was obtained.【Result】Tomato quality was affected by both planting row spacing and irrigation amount, and showed a very significant interaction on soluble solids, Vc and lycopene, but the appearance fruit quality indicators of tomato do not exist irrigation amount and planting line spacing between the interaction. Excessive irrigation will reduce the exterior quality of tomato, and reduce the soluble solids, Vc and lycopene content. The results of the improved fuzzy grey relational method and CRITIC method have good agreement with the results of tomato comprehensive quality evaluation, that the L2-0.8E treatment had the best comprehensive quality of tomato, and the L1-1.2E treatment was the worst; the comprehensive quality of tomato followed a downward quadratic parabola shape with the increase of irrigation amount and planting row spacing. Although the proportion of weights for single tomato quality indicators have a little difference between two tested seasons, but the weights of lycopene, Vc and sugar acid ratio are always the first three. 【Conclusion】 When the ridge distance is 80 cm, planting spacing is 35 cm, the planting row distance selected 37-47 cm, the irrigation quantity is set to 0.8E-1.0E would be the appropriate combination of irrigation amount and planting row spacing for best comprehensive quality of greenhouse tomato in Northwest China.

Key words:  solar greenhouse, tomato, planting row spacing, irrigation amount, comprehensive quality evaluation

[1]    邢英英, 张富仓, 张燕, 李静, 强生才, 李志军, 高明霞. 膜下滴灌水肥耦合促进番茄养分吸收及生长. 农业工程学报, 2014, 30(21): 70-80.
XING Y Y, ZHANG F C, ZHANG Y, LI J, QIANG S C, LI Z J, GAO M X. Irrigation and fertilization coupling of dripirrigation under plastic film promotes tomato’s nutrient uptake and growth. Transactions of the CSAE, 2014, 30(21): 70-80. (in Chinese)
[2]    Toor R K, Savage G P, Heeb A. Influence of different types of fertilisers on the major antioxidant components of tomatoes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 2006(19): 20-27.
[3]    Iglesias M J, García-López J, Collados-Luján J F, López-Ortiz F, Díaz M, Toresano F, Camacho F. Differential response to environmental and nutritional factors of high-quality tomato varieties. Food Chemistry, 2015, 176: 278-287.
[4]    吴雪, 陈思, 周振江, 牛晓丽, 胡田田. 番茄综合营养品质对各阶段土壤含水率的响应. 西北农林科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 44(3): 52-62.
WU X, CHEN S, ZHOU Z J, LIU X L, HU T T. Response of comprehensive nutritional quality of tomato to soil moisture at different stages. Journal of Northwest A&F University (Natural Science Edition), 2016, 44(3): 52-62. (in Chinese)
[5]    Çetin Ö, Uygan D. The effect of drip line spacing, irrigation regimes and planting geometries of tomato on yield, irrigation water use efficiency and net return. Agricultural Water Management, 2008, 95(8): 949-958.
[6]    Badr M A, Abou-Hussein S D, El-Tohamy W A. Tomato yield, nitrogen uptake and water use efficiency as affected by planting geometry and level of nitrogen in an arid region. Agricultural Water Management, 2016, 169: 90-97.
[7]    杨丽丽, 王一鸣, 康孟珍, 董乔雪. 不同种植密度番茄生长行为的结构功能模型模拟. 农业机械学报, 2009, 40(10): 156-160.
YANG L L, WANG Y M, KANG M Z, DONG Q X. Simulation of tomato growth behavior in response to planting-density based on functional-structural model. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2009, 40(10): 156-160. (in Chinese)
[8]    Yohannes F, Tadesse T. Effect of drip and furrow irrigation and plant spacing on yield of tomato at Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Agricultural Water Management, 1998, 35(3): 201-207.
[9]    Qiu R J, Song J J, Du T S, Kang S Z, Tong L, Chen R Q, Wu L S. Response of evapotranspiration and yield to planting density of solar greenhouse grown tomato in northwest China. Agricultural Water Management, 2013, 130: 44-51.
[10]   周怀兵. 定植方式和留穗留果数对番茄植株生长及果实产量和品质的影响[D]. 南京: 南京农业大学, 2013.
Zhou H B. The Effects of planting pattern and remaining clusters and fruits on plant growth, fruit yield and quality of tomato [D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Agricultural University, 2013. (in Chinese)
[11]   Liu H, Duan A W, Fu-Sheng L I, Sun J S, Wang Y C. Drip irrigation scheduling for tomato grown in solar greenhouse based on pan evaporation in North China Plain. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2013, 12(3): 520-531.
[12]   Patanè C, Cosentino S L. Effects of soil water deficit on yield and quality of processing tomato under a Mediterranean climate. Agricultural Water Management, 2010, 97(1): 131-138.
[13]   Chen J L, Kang S Z, Du T S, Qiu R J, Guo P, Chen R Q. Quantitative response of greenhouse tomato yield and quality to water deficit at different growth stages. Agricultural Water Management, 2013, 129: 152-162.
[14]   邢英英, 张富仓, 张燕, 李静, 强生才, 吴立峰. 滴灌施肥水肥耦合对温室番茄产量、品质和水氮利用的影响. 中国农业科学, 2015, 48(4): 713-726.
XING Y Y, ZHANG F C, ZHANG Y, LI J, QIANG S C, WU L F. Effect of irrigation and fertilizer coupling on greenhouse tomato yield, quality, water and nitrogen utilization under fertigation. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2015, 48(4): 713-726. (in Chinese)
[15]   Wang F, Kang S Z, Du T S, Li F S, Qiu R J. Determination of comprehensive quality index for tomato and its response to different irrigation treatments. Agricultural Water Management, 2011, 98(8): 1228-1238.
[16]   吴雪, 王坤元, 牛晓丽, 胡田田. 番茄综合营养品质指标构建及其对水肥供应的响应. 农业工程学报, 2014, 30(7): 119-127.
WU X, WANG K Y, LIU X L, HU T T. Construction of comprehensive nutritional quality index for tomato and its response to water and fertilizer supply. Transactions of the CSAE, 2014, 30(7):119-127. (in Chinese)
[17]   王峰, 杜太生, 邱让建. 基于品质主成分分析的温室番茄亏缺灌溉制度. 农业工程学报, 2011, 27(1): 75-80.
WANG F, DU T S, QIU R J. Deficit irrigation scheduling of greenhouse tomato based on quality principle component analysis. Transactions of the CSAE, 2011, 27(1): 75-80. (in Chinese)
[18]   张学杰, 王金玉, 郭科, 李琨. 不同加工番茄品种的加工特性评价. 食品科学, 2009, 30(15): 33-35.
ZHANG X J, WANG J Y, GUO K, LI K. Evaluation on tomato cultivars suitable for canned, concentrate, and juice processing. Food Science, 2009, 30(15): 33-35. (in Chinese)
[19]   王昆, 宋海洲. 三种客观权重赋权法的比较分析. 技术经济与管理研究, 2003(6): 48-49.
WANG K, SONG H Z. Comparison and analysis of three objective weighting methods. Technoeconomics & Management Research, 2003(6): 48-49. (in Chinese)
[20]   谢彦蓉, 李孜军, 徐志国. 基于CRITIC法与TOPSIS法的硫化矿自燃倾向性评定. 安全与环境学报, 2014, 14(1): 122-125.
XIE Y R, LI Z J, XU Z G. Evaluation on spontaneous combustion trend of sulfide ores based on the method of CRITIC and TOPSIS testing method. Journal of Safety and Environment, 2014, 14(1): 122-125. (in Chinese)
[21]   祝和意, 李宏波, 张合沛, 任颖莹. 基于改进CRITIC法的TBM刀具声发射信号研究. 振动与冲击, 2016, 35(6): 197-202.
ZHU H Y, LI H B, ZHANG H P, REN Y Y. Acoustic emissions of TBM tools based on an improved CRITIC method. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2016, 35(6): 197-202. (in Chinese)
[22]   唐晓伟, 刘明池, 郝静, 王文琪. 调亏灌溉对番茄品质与风味组分的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2010,16(4): 970-977.
TANG X W, LIU M C, HAO J, WANG W Q. Influences of regulated deficit irrigation on sensory quality and flavor components of tomato. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 2010, 16(4): 970-977. (in Chinese)
[23]   王正新, 党耀国, 曹明霞. 基于灰熵优化的加权灰色关联度. 系统工程与电子技术, 2010, 32(4): 774-776.
WANG Z X, DANG Y G, CAO M X. Weighted degree of grey incidence based on optimized entropy. Systems Engineering and Electronics,2010, 32(4): 774-776. (in Chinese)
[24]   王树涛, 李新旺, 门明新, 许皞. 基于改进灰色关联度法的河北省粮食波动影响因素研究. 中国农业科学, 2011, 44(1): 176-184.
WANG S T, Li X W, Men M X, XU H. Study on the influencing factors of grain production in Hebei province based on gray correlation degree method. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2011, 44(1): 176-184. (in Chinese)
[25]   刘骅, 卢亚娟. 转型期地方政府投融资平台债务风险分析与评价. 财贸经济, 2016, 37(5): 48-59.
LIU H, LU Y J. Research and evaluation on the debt risk of local government investment and financing platform in transformation period. Finance & Trade Economics, 2016, 37(5): 48-59. (in Chinese)
[26]   Patan C, Tringali S, Sortino O. Effects of deficit irrigation on biomass, yield, water productivity and fruit quality of processing tomato under semi-arid Mediterranean climate conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 2011, 129(4): 590-596.
[27]   Ku?çu H, Turhan A, Demir A O. The response of processing tomato to deficit irrigation at various phenological stages in a sub-humid environment. Agricultural Water Management, 2014, 133: 92-103.
[28]   Favati F, Lovelli S, Galgano F, Miccolis V, Tommaso T D, Candido V. Processing tomato quality as affected by irrigation scheduling. Scientia Horticulturae, 2009, 122: 562-571.
[29]   Chen R Q, Kang S Z, Hao X M, Li F S, Du T S, Qiu R J, Chen J L. Variations in tomato yield and quality in relation to soil properties and evapotranspiration under greenhouse condition. Agricultural Water Management, 2015, 197: 318-328.
[30]   郑克武, 邹江石, 吕川根. 氮肥和栽插密度对杂交稻两优培九产量及氮素吸收利用的影响. 作物学报, 2006, 32(6): 885-893.
ZHENG K W, ZHOU J S, LV C G. Effects of transplanting density and nitrogen fertilizer on yield formation and N absorption in a two-line intersubspecific hybrid rice “Liangyoupeijiu”. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2006, 32(6): 885-893. (in Chinese)
[31]   王建林, 徐正进. 穗型和行距对水稻冠层受光态势的影响. 中国水稻科学, 2005, 19(5): 422-426.
WANG J L, XU Z J. Effects of panicle type and row spacing on light distribution of rice canopy. Chinese Journal of Rice Science, 2005, 19(5): 422-426. (in Chinese)
[32]   梁梅, 周蓉, 邹滔, 刘小娟, 吴震. 番茄农艺性状与果实主要营养成分相关性分析. 西北农业学报, 2013, 22(5): 91-100.
LIANG M, ZHOU R, ZOU T, LIU X J, WU Z. Analysis of correlation between main nutritional compositions and agronomic traits in tomato. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica, 2013, 22(5): 91-100. (in Chinese)
[33]   焦艳萍, 赵勇, 张艳红, 郑成海. 基于蒸发皿蒸发量的日光温室番茄滴灌灌水量研究. 干旱地区农业研究, 2011, 29(5): 133-138.
JIAO Y P, ZHAO Y, ZHANG Y H, ZHENG C H. Study on tomato drip irrigation scheduling in solar greenhouse based on water surface evaporation of a 20 cm standard pan. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2011, 29(5): 133-138. (in Chinese)
[1] ZHANG KeKun,CHEN KeQin,LI WanPing,QIAO HaoRong,ZHANG JunXia,LIU FengZhi,FANG YuLin,WANG HaiBo. Effects of Irrigation Amount on Berry Development and Aroma Components Accumulation of Shine Muscat Grape in Root-Restricted Cultivation [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 129-143.
[2] SHAO ShuJun,HU ZhangJian,SHI Kai. The Role and Mechanism of Linoleyl Ethanolamide in Plant Resistance Against Botrytis cinerea in Tomato [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1781-1789.
[3] WANG MengRui, LIU ShuMei, HOU LiXia, WANG ShiHui, LÜ HongJun, SU XiaoMei. Development of Artificial Inoculation Methodology for Evaluation of Resistance to Fusarium Crown and Root Rot and Screening of Resistance Sources in Tomato [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(4): 707-718.
[4] HU XueHua,LIU NingNing,TAO HuiMin,PENG KeJia,XIA Xiaojian,HU WenHai. Effects of Chilling on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging Characteristics of Leaves with Different Leaf Ages in Tomato Seedlings [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(24): 4969-4980.
[5] LIU Hao,PANG Jie,LI HuanHuan,QIANG XiaoMan,ZHANG YingYing,SONG JiaWen. Effects of Foliar-Spraying Selenium Coupled with Soil Moisture on the Yield and Quality of Tomato [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(22): 4433-4444.
[6] CUI QingQing, MENG XianMin, DUAN YunDan, ZHUANG TuanJie, DONG ChunJuan, GAO LiHong, SHANG QingMao. Inhibiting Eeffect of Root-Cutting and Top-Pinching on Graft Healing of Tomato [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(2): 365-377.
[7] LI YiMei,WANG Jiao,WANG Ping,SHI Kai. Function of Sugar Transport Protein SlSTP2 in Tomato Defense Against Bacterial Leaf Spot [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(16): 3144-3154.
[8] FANG HanMo,HU ZhangJian,MA QiaoMei,DING ShuTing,WANG Ping,WANG AnRan,SHI Kai. Function of SlβCA3 in Plant Defense Against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(14): 2740-2751.
[9] LI JianXin,WANG WenPing,HU ZhangJian,SHI Kai. Effects of Simulated Acid Rain Conditions on Plant Photosynthesis and Disease Susceptibility in Tomato and Its Alleviation of Brassinosteroid [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(8): 1728-1738.
[10] XianMin MENG,YanHai JI,WangWang SUN,ZhanHui WU,ZhaoSheng CHU,MingChi LIU. Response of Chloroplast Ultrastructure and Photosynthetic Physiology of Two Tomato Varieties to Low Light Stress [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(5): 1017-1028.
[11] WANG Ping,ZHENG ChenFei,WANG Jiao,HU ZhangJian,SHAO ShuJun,SHI Kai. The Role and Mechanism of Tomato SlNAC29 Transcription Factor in Regulating Plant Senescence [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(24): 5266-5276.
[12] LIU Xing,CAO HongXia,LIAO Yang,ZHOU ChenGuang,LI HuangTao. Effects of Drip Irrigation Methods on Photosynthetic Characteristics, Yield and Irrigation Water Use of Apple [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(15): 3264-3278.
[13] ZHANG JiFeng,WANG ZhenHua,ZHANG JinZhu,DOU YunQing,HOU YuSheng. The Influences of Different Nitrogen and Salt Levels Interactions on Fluorescence Characteristics, Yield and Quality of Processed Tomato Under Drip Irrigation [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(5): 990-1003.
[14] LI YueYue,ZHOU WenPeng,LU SiQian,CHEN DeRong,DAI JianHong,GUO QiaoYou,LIU Yong,LI Fan,TAN GuanLin. Occurrence and Biological Characteristics of Tomato mottle mosaic virus on Solanaceae Crops in China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(3): 539-550.
[15] DU Xia,WU Kuo,LIU Xia,ZHANG LiZhen,SU XiaoXia,ZHANG HongRui,ZHANG ZhongKai,HU XianQi,DONG JiaHong,YANG YanLi,GAO YuLin. The Occurrence Trends of Dominant Species of Potato Viruses and Thrips in Yunnan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(3): 551-562.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!