Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly pathogenic infectious disease caused by PRRS virus (PRRSV). In our study, we reported the use of two precise CRISPR/Cas9 editing systems to identify important CD163 residues involved in PRRSV infection. From a dual-sgRNA editing system, we obtained the immortalized porcine alveolar macrophage (IPAM) cell lines with 40-residue (residues 523–562) deletion in CD163. From a CRISPR/Cas9-mediated HDR-based biallelic editing system, we generated precisely-edited cloned pigs with a single arginine (R) to alanine (A) substitution at position 561 of CD163 (CD163R561A), and PAMs were isolated from these CD163R561A pigs. PRRSV infection experiments showed that the IPAM cell line with the 40-residue deletion in CD163 were completely resistant to PRRSV-WUH3 (genotype 2 PRRSV) infection, and that CD163-R561A PAMs showed significantly lower susceptibility to PRRSV-WUH3 infection. Through this study, we believe that CD163 residues 523–562 are essential residues that mediate PRRSV infection, and that R561 is an important residue involved in PRRSV infection. Our study offers a valuable reference for exploring the mechanism of CD163-mediated PRRSV infection and provides other potential target sites for the generation of PRRSV-resistant CD163 gene-edited pigs. The cover photo depicts the CD163 specific edited pigs are resistant to PRRSV, which is provided by Dr. Xu Kui from Institute of Animal Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing. See pages 2188–2199 for details.