Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 449-458.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2021.02.019

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles    

Effects of Different Soybean Varieties on the Yield and Quality of Yuba

ZENG ShiXiao(),NIAN Hai(),CHENG YanBo,MA QiBin,WANG Liang   

  1. College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University/Guangdong Subcenter of National Center for Soybean Improvement, Guangzhou 510642
  • Received:2020-08-26 Accepted:2020-10-22 Online:2021-01-16 Published:2021-02-03
  • Contact: Hai NIAN;


【Objective】Soybean (Glycine max L.) is a crop with high economic value, as it is rich in protein and oil. The current study aimed to explore the correlations between soybean varieties and yuba yield, and the correlations between soybean varieties and yuba in the contents of protein, oil, soluble sugar and isoflavones. This study provides a reference for the production of yuba with high isoflavone. 【Method】24 different soybean varieties from Heilongjiang and Guangdong province were used to make yuba with the same processing method. Then the protein and oil content in soybean and yuba was determined by the Kjeldahl method and the Soxhlet extraction approach, respectively. The soluble sugar contents in soybean and yuba were estimated by the anthrone colorimetric method. Moreover, the isoflavones in soybean and yuba were assessed by high performance liquid chromatography. 【Result】Great difference was observed in the content of protein, oil, soluble sugar, isoflavones and yuba yield among the soybean varieties. The yuba yield from Huaxia 8 was the highest, with production rate of 60.50%, followed by Huachun 2 with production rate of 52.44%, indicating that the two varieties should be ideal varieties for producing yuba. Besides, the productivity of yuba from Suinong 37, Huachun 6 and Heihe 43 were relatively high, reaching 48.59%, 48.37% and 47.91%, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that the yuba yield was positively correlated with the protein content (r=0.598**) and negatively correlated with the soluble sugar content (r=-0.423**) in soybean. The contents of the protein, oil and isoflavones in yuba were positively correlated with those of corresponding traits in the soybean (r=0.700**, r=0.537**, r=0.879**). The soluble sugar content of yuba is positively correlated with the soluble sugar content of soybean (r=0.441*). The protein content in yuba was negatively correlated with the soluble sugar content of soybean (r=-0.519*). The oil content in yuba was significantly and negatively correlated with protein in soybean (r=-0.889**), and was positively correlated with soluble sugar and isoflavone content in soybean (r=0.614**, 0.574**), respectively. The content of isoflavones in yuba was negatively correlated with protein content in soybean (r=-0.589**), and was positively correlated with soluble sugar content in soybean (r=0.568**). 【Conclusion】 The productivity and quality traits of the yuba from soybean varieties were significantly different. Huaxia 8 and Huachun 2 were high-yielding varieties for making yuba. The quality characteristics of yuba were determined by the quality characteristics of soybean varieties, which are mainly determined by the genetic characteristics of soybean varieties.

Key words: soybean, yuba, protein, oil, isoflavones

Table 1

The statistical results of four indexes of soybean varieties and the yield of yuba"

Statistical index
Minimum value
Maximum value
Standard deviation
Mean value
Asymptotic significance
Coefficient of variation
蛋白质Protein (%) 34.76 45.90 3.46 40.15 0.828 9.27
油分Oil (%) 18.40 23.77 1.28 20.29 0.976 6.39
可溶性糖Soluble sugar (%) 11.29 16.39 1.81 13.69 0.457 13.48
异黄酮Isoflavone (μg·g-1) 1098.60 4306.80 1042.79 2726.36 0.435 38.25
产率Production rate (%) 33.16 60.50 5.71 44.07 0.804 13.00

Table 2

Yield of yuba made from different varieties of soybean"

序号 No. 品种
Production rate
Coefficient of variation
Production rate (%)
Coefficient of variation
1 华春3号 Huachun3 37.09±0.50lm 1.36 13 华夏10 Huaxia10 44.53±1.38efghi 3.10
2 华春5号 Huachun5 45.01±1.04defgh 2.30 14 东农豆252 Dongnongdou252 46.49±1.38cdef 2.97
3 华夏3号 Huaxia3 45.05±0.45defg 1.00 15 垦丰16 Kenfeng16 37.21±0.90lm 2.41
4 华夏9号 Huaxia9 45.65±2.49cdefgh 5.46 16 垦丰17 Kenfeng17 42.83±2.23ghi 5.20
5 桂夏7号 Guixia7 43.71±0.46fghi 1.06 17 垦丰20 Kenfeng20 44.37±1.74efghi 3.91
6 华夏16 Huaxia16 38.82±1.43klm 3.69 18 垦丰22 Kenfeng22 36.30±2.90m 7.99
7 桂1306 Gui1306 42.89±2.45ghi 5.72 19 垦豆25 Kendou25 33.16±1.76n 5.32
8 华春2号 Huachun2 52.44±0.91b 1.73 20 垦豆43 Kendou43 41.61±1.26ijk 3.03
9 华春6号 Huachun6 48.37±1.19c 2.47 21 绥农26 Suinong26 39.76±0.34jkl 0.85
10 华春8号 Huachun8 45.95±1.88cdefg 4.09 22 绥农37 Suinong37 48.59±0.49c 1.01
11 华夏7号 Huaxia7 46.97±1.27cde 2.71 23 绥农39 Suinong39 42.53±2.63hij 6.19
12 华夏8号 Huaxia8 60.50±1.56a 2.58 24 黑河43 Heihe43 47.91±1.49cd 3.12


异黄酮 Isoflavone (μg·g-1) 蛋白质Protein (%) 油分Oil (%) 可溶性糖Soluble sugar (%)
华春3号Huachun3 2744.28±257.17 2603.74±200.71 40.82±1.48 58.15±0.01 19.80±0.20 25.12±0.01 11.48±0.10 5.23±0.06
华春5号Huachun5 1912.48±234.66 1932.3±26.41 42.71±0.42 46.39±0.01 18.90±0.17 22.23±0.01 14.40±0.11 10.82±0.14
华夏3号Huaxia3 1497.82±421.54 1125.12±65.52 42.19±0.77 57.73±0.00 21.63±0.12 22.91±0.01 11.31±0.08 5.62±0.04
华夏9号Huaxia9 1774.26±393.91 1448.86±87.81 45.67±0.94 58.32±0.00 18.67±0.21 19.52±0.01 11.50±0.28 4.27±0.01
桂夏7号Guixia7 4306.79±701.36 4544.13±222.57 39.45±1.16 54.36±0.01 20.97±0.23 26.92±0.01 12.93±0.20 6.75±0.11
华夏16 Huaxia16 3409.07±983.23 2392.81±103.05 37.97±0.21 55.37±0.01 18.47±0.25 28.64±0.01 11.88±0.40 4.79±0.12
桂1306 Gui1306 2105.61±292.24 1901.16±76.19 44.18±1.41 61.02±0.02 19.27±0.06 22.86±0.01 12.01±0.12 6.15±0.12
华春2号Huachun2 1098.59±191.12 1094.35±33.81 43.53±1.25 59.79±0.02 22.00±0.10 24.76±0.01 11.29±0.08 7.15±0.01
华春6号Huachun6 1567.59±342.12 1787.34±52.1 45.90±0.30 57.5±0.00 18.90±0.10 19.47±0.01 11.67±0.10 6.81±0.04
华春8号Huachun8 2162.92±579.48 1945.24±89.99 43.49±1.05 59.83±0.02 19.93±0.15 22.47±0.01 12.40±0.03 7.20±0.02
华夏7号Huaxia7 2144.12±397.43 2249.19±146.86 42.55±0.23 60.74±0.00 18.40±0.10 24.32±0.01 14.78±0.04 7.84±0.09
华夏8号Huaxia8 2477.31±740.49 2506.3±144.29 44.46±1.30 59.77±0.01 19.53±0.21 23.35±0.02 11.80±0.03 9.28±0.05
华夏10 Huaxia10 2250.72±205.56 2592.96±60.19 41.77±0.88 59.35±0.00 18.60±0.30 24.66±0.01 15.68±0.02 8.60±0.10
东农豆252 Dongnongdou252 2449.64±376.87 2286.4±127.99 40.54±0.79 56.37±0.01 20.47±0.29 26.23±0.01 14.47±0.10 8.18±0.13
垦丰16 Kenfeng16 3068.86±503.54 3027.13±123.18 35.39±0.96 50.63±0.00 20.67±0.21 29.69±0.01 15.97±0.06 10.29±0.09
垦丰17 Kenfeng17 4218.86±581.81 4683.07±179.47 35.43±0.68 51.07±0.00 21.10±0.26 29.44±0.02 15.66±0.09 10.34±0.03
垦丰20 Kenfeng20 3536.12±520.47 3379.48±45.52 37.31±0.75 51.93±0.02 19.50±0.35 26.86±0.01 14.79±0.02 11.41±0.11
垦丰22 Kenfeng22 4246.46±501.32 4520.08±101.5 36.92±1.00 50.65±0.01 20.73±0.12 28.8±0.00 15.49±0.10 9.72±0.25
垦豆25 Kendou25 4279.03±583.06 3883.34±246.71 34.76±0.53 54.06±0.00 20.50±0.10 33.01±0.01 16.39±0.05 6.03±0.06
垦豆43 Kendou43 4166.03±648.31 4717.91±83.44 37.21±0.50 51.00±0.02 21.10±0.26 25.79±0.01 15.37±0.04 12.84±0.20
绥农26 Suinong26 2115.05±400.96 1911.15±35.87 37.08±0.35 53.07±0.01 20.63±0.06 29.75±0.02 14.28±0.06 7.36±0.01
绥农37 Suinong37 1677.17±276.54 1492.24±19.94 35.90±0.36 48.47±0.01 23.77±0.15 30.58±0.01 12.43±0.01 9.81±0.58
绥农39 Suinong39 2111.11±66.44 2055.64±92.83 39.25±1.14 53.00±0.00 21.90±0.20 30.75±0.01 14.69±0.09 7.46±0.06
黑河43 Heihe43 4112.56±784.96 4012.35±534.03 38.24±1.13 53.16±0.01 19.60±0.10 31.43±0.01 16.00±0.22 4.02±0.09
标准偏差Standard deviation 1042.79 1213.17 3.46 4.17 1.30 3.74 1.84 2.35
Coefficient of variation
38.25 43.59 9.27 7.57 6.39 14.26 13.48 30.14

Table 4

Correlation analysis of soybean isoflavone, protein, oil, and soluble sugar in soybean and yuba"

Soluble sugar
Production rate
蛋白质Protein 0.700** -0.889** -0.356 -0.589** 0.598**
油分Oil -0.402 0.537** 0.172 0.012 -0.072
可溶性糖Soluble sugar -0.519** 0.614** 0.441* 0.568** -0.423*
异黄酮Isoflavone -0.412* 0.574** 0.189 0.879** -0.478*
蛋白质油分比Protein/oil 0.636** -0.839** -0.303 -0.411* 0.441*
蛋白质可溶性糖比Protein/sugar 0.667** -0.800** -0.470* -0.682** 0.531**
油分可溶性糖比Oil/sugar 0.302 -0.304 -0.335 -0.574** 0.342*

Supplemental table 1

Soybean varieties list"

1 华春3号Huachun 3 HC3 13 华夏10号 Huaxia 10 HX10
2 华春5号Huachun 5 HC5 14 东农豆252 Dongnongdou 252 DND252
3 华夏3号Huaxia 3 HX3 15 垦丰16 Kenfeng 16 KF16
4 华夏9号Huaxia 9 HX9 16 垦丰17 Kenfeng 17 KF17
5 桂夏7号Guixia 7 GX7 17 垦丰20 Kenfeng 20 KF20
6 华夏16 Huaxia 16 HX16 18 垦丰22 Kenfeng 22 KF22
7 桂1306 Gui 1306 G1306 19 垦豆25 Kendou 25 KD25
8 华春2号Huachun 2 HC2 20 垦豆43 Kendou 43 KD43
9 华春6号Huachun 6 HC6 21 绥农26 Suinong 26 SN26
10 华春8号Huachun 8 HC8 22 绥农37 Suinong 37 SN37
11 华夏7号Huaxia 7 HX7 23 绥农39 Suinong 39 SN39
12 华夏8号Huaxia 8 HX8 24 黑河43 Heihe 43 HH43

Fig. 1

The proportion of isoflavones in soybean (A), the proportion of isoflavones in yuba (B)"

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