Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (5): 852-864.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.05.005


Regulations of Reduced Chemical Nitrogen, Potassium Fertilizer Application and Organic Manure Substitution on Potato Water- Fertilizer Utilization and Biomass Assimilation Under Whole Field Plastics Mulching and Ridge-Furrow Planting System on Semi-Arid Area

ZHANG Xu-cheng, YU Xian-feng, WANG Hong-li, HOU Hui-zhi, FANG Yan-jie, MA Yi-fan   

  1. Institute of Dryland Farming, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of High Water Utilization on Dryland of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730070
  • Received:2015-09-01 Online:2016-03-01 Published:2016-03-01

Abstract: 【Objective】Chemical nitrogen fertilizer reduction, potassium fertilizer application and organic manure substitution are useful methods to increase crop resource use efficiency, enhance agro-environment, improve quality of agricultural products and decrease the disease risk in China. The understanding on the effects of reduced chemical nitrogen fertilizer dressing, organic manure substitution and potassium fertilizer application on potato dry matter assimilation and water utilization, are helpful to apply the efficient managing strategy of water and nutrient resource.【Method】A 4-year field experiment was carried out from 2011 to 2014 with three treatments: (1) traditional chemical fertilizer application (PM), (2) chemical nitrogen fertilizer reduced by 25% and dressing at flowering stage, and potassium fertilizer application (PMN), and (3) chemical nitrogen fertilizer reduced by 50% and organic manure substitution, and potassium fertilizer application (PMO). The soil moisture, potato biomass and yield had been investigated, crop water consumption, potato growth rate, water use efficiency (WUE) and partial factor productivity from applied fertilizer (PFP) were calculated to understand the effects of different nutrient management methods on potato dry matter assimilation and water-nutrient use efficiency, as well as its regulations on potato water use process on semiarid rain-fed area.【Result】The potato water consumption decreased by 17.4, 28.7, 26.8, 34.2 mm in pre-flowering stage, but increased by 31.1, 34.7, 36.7, 49.2 mm in post-flowering stage in PMN treatment, compared with PM. PMO increased the potato water consumption by 17.8, 24.3, 11.2, 10.3 mm than PM in post-flowering stage, but had no significant effect in the pre-flowering stage. Compared with PM, PMN increased potato above- and under- ground biomass, as well as the growth rate after early blooming, caused 2 595.1 kg·hm-2 tuber yield increment from 2012 to 2013 averagely; the water use efficiency (WUE) increased by 14.4% and 6.3% in 2013 and 2014, the significant difference observed in these years. PMO significantly increased potato above- and under- ground biomass, and the growth rate, resulted in 2 945 kg·hm-2 tuber yield increment in 4 experimental years on average. Its WUE was significantly higher than PM from 2012 to 2014. PMN and PMO increased potato fertilizer partial factor productivity from applied fertilizer (PFPT), chemical fertilizer partial factor productivity from applied fertilizer (PFPC), nitrogen partial factor productivity from applied fertilizer (PFPTN) and chemical nitrogen partial factor productivity from applied fertilizer (PFPCN) as compared with PM. It was indicated that PMN and PMO increased nutrient and water use efficiency synergistically, both realized the objective to regulate water utilization by fertilizer application, and improve nutrient utilization by water management. In 2011 (dry year), PMN and PMO regulated the water consumption between pre- and post- flowering stage, increased above- and under- ground biomass, growth rate and PFP, but the potato tuber yield and WUE didn’t increase significantly.【Conclusion】Both PMN and PMO regulated potato water consumption between pre- and post- flowering stage significantly, and increased potato biomass and growth rate, resulted in increased tuber yield, WUE and PFP. However, PMO showed more significant effects than PMN on the increment of tuber yield, PFP and WUE, so it was the more efficient nutrition management model for higher resource use efficiency and yield under whole field plastics mulching and ridge-furrow planting system on semi-arid areas.

Key words: semi-arid area, potato, chemical nitrogen fertilizer reduction, organic manure substitution, potassium fertilizer application, water-fertilizer use efficiency, yield

[1]    张福锁, 王激清, 张卫峰, 崔振岭, 马文奇, 陈新平, 江荣风. 中国主要粮食作物肥料利用率现状与提高途径. 土壤学报, 2008, 45(5): 915-924.
Zhang F S, Wang J Q, Zhang W F, Cui Z L, Ma W Q, Chen X P, Jiang R F. Nutrient use efficiencies of major cereal crops in China and measures for improvement. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2008, 45(5): 915-924. (in Chinese)
[2]    中国农业年鉴编辑委员会. 中国农业年鉴. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1980-2006.
Editorial Committee of Chinese Agriculture Yearbook. Chinese Agriculture Yearbook. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 1980-2006. (in Chinese)
[3]    朱兆良, 金继运. 保障我国粮食安全的肥料问题. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2013, 19(2): 259-273.
Zhu Z L, Jin J Y. Fertilizer use and food security in China.      Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2013, 19(2): 259-273. (in Chinese)
[4]    马文奇, 张福锁, 陈新平. 中国养分资源综合管理研究的意义与重点. 科技导报, 2006, 24(10): 64-67.
Ma W Q, Zhang F S, Chen X P. Significance and keystone of research of integrated nutrient resource management in China. Science Technology Review, 2006, 24(10): 64-67. (in Chinese)
[5]    农业部. 到2020年化肥使用量零增长行动方案. 农农发〔2015〕2号, 2015, 2, 17
Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China. The action program of chemical fertilizer zero increment to 2020. No.2 file of MOA in 2015, 2015, 2, 17. (in Chinese)
[6]    张子义, 樊明寿. 旱作马铃薯养分资源管理研究进展. 内蒙古农业大学学报, 2009, 30(3): 271-274.
Zhang Z Y, Fan M S. Progress on nutrient resources management of potato grown in dry land. Journal of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, 2009, 30(3): 271-274. (in Chinese)
[7]    薛俊武, 任稳江, 严昌荣. 覆膜和垄作对黄土高原马铃薯产量及水分利用效率的影响. 中国农业气象, 2014, 35(1): 74-79
Xue J W, Ren W J, Yan C R. Effects of plastic film mulching and ridge planting on yield and water use efficiency of potato in Loess Plateau. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2014, 35(1): 74-79. (in Chinese)
[8]    张英莺, 张俊莲, 邢国, 赵怀勇.甘肃省马铃薯产业发展调查. 甘肃农业科技, 2013(4): 38-40.
Zhang Y Y, Zhang J L, Xing G, Zhao H Y. The investigation on the development of potato industry of Gansu province. Gansu Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 2013(4): 38-40. (in Chinese)
[9]    王小英, 同延安, 刘芬, 赵佐平. 陕西省马铃薯施肥现状评价. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2013, 19(2): 471-479.
Wang X Y, Tong Y A, Liu F, Zhao Z P. Comments on the situation of fertilization on potato in Shaanxi province. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2013, 19(2): 471-479. (in Chinese)
[10]   陈亚兰, 张健, 韩儆仁, 王会蓉. 陇中干旱半干旱地区马铃薯养分资源投入的调查与分析. 中国马铃薯, 2013, 27(4): 208-211.
Chen Y L, Zhang J, Han J R, Wang H R. Investigation and analysis of potato nutrient resource inputting in Longzhong arid and semiarid area. Chinese Potato Journal, 2013, 27(4): 208-211. (in Chinese)
[11]   王亚艺. 青海省半干旱区马铃薯施肥调查分析. 中国马铃薯, 2014, 28(5): 286-291.
Wang Y Y. Investigation and analysis of potato fertilizer application in semiarid area of Qinghai province. Chinese Potato Journal, 2014, 28(5): 286-291. (in Chinese)
[12]   陈杨, 樊明寿, 康文钦, 秦永林. 内蒙古阴山丘陵地区马铃薯施肥现状与评价. 中国土壤与肥料, 2012, 2: 104-108.
Chen Y, Fan M S, Kang W Q, Qin Y L. Evaluation and present situation of fertilization for potato in hilly country of Yinshan in Inner Mogolia. Soil and Fertilizer Sciences in China, 2012, 2: 104-108. (in Chinese)
[13]   Liu X J, Zhang Y, Han W X, Tang A H, Shen J L, Cui Z L, Vitousek P, Erisman J W, Goulding K, Christie P, Fangmeier A, Zhang F S. Enhanced nitrogen deposition over China. Nature, 2013, 494: 459-462.
[14]   Guo J H, Liu X J, Zhang Y, Shen J L, Han W X, Zhang W F, Christie  P, Goulding K W T, Vitousek P, Zhang F S. Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands. Science, 2010, 327: 1008-1010.
[15]   谢志良, 田长彦, 卞卫国, 曾凡江. 施氮对棉花苗期根系分布和养分吸收的影响. 干旱区研究, 2010, 27(3): 374-379.
Xie Z L, Tian C Y, Bian W G, Zeng F J. Study on the effects of applying nitrogen fertilizer on root distribution and nutrient uptake of cotton plants at seeding stage. Arid Zone Research, 2010, 27(3): 374-379. (in Chinese)
[16]   赵风华, 马军花, 欧阳竹. 过量施氮对冬小麦生产力的影响. 植物生态学报, 2012, 36(10): 1075-1081.
Zhao F H, Ma J H, Ouyang Z. Effects of excessive nitrogen supply on productivity of winter wheat. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2012, 36(10): 1075-1081. (in Chinese)
[17]   宁运旺, 马洪波, 张辉, 汪吉东, 许仙菊, 张永春. 甘薯源库关系建立、发展和平衡对氮肥用量的响应. 作物学报, 2015, 41(3): 432-439.
Ning Y W, Ma H B, Zhang H, Wang J D, Xu X J, Zhang Y C. Response of sweetpotato in source-sink relationship establishment, expanding, and balance to nitrogen application rates. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2015, 41(3): 432-439. (in Chinese)
[18]   刘海龙, 何萍, 金继运, 李文娟, 张宽, 王秀芳, 谢佳贵, 尹彩侠, 侯云鹏. 施氮对高淀粉玉米和普通玉米子粒可溶性糖和淀粉积累的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2009, 15(3): 493-500.
Liu H L, He P, Jin J Y, Li W J, Zhang K, Wang X F, Xie J G, Yin C X, Hou Y P. Effects of nitrogen nutrition on sugar and starch accumulation of high starch maize and common maize. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2009, 15(3): 493-500. (in Chinese)
[19]   隽英华, 孙文涛, 韩晓日, 邢月华, 王立春, 谢佳贵. 春玉米土壤矿质氮累积及酶活性对施氮的响应. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2014, 20(6): 1368-1377.
Juan Y H, Sun W T, Han X R, Xing Y H, Wang L C, Xie J G. Response of soil mineral nitrogen accumulation and enzyme activities to nitrogen application in spring maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 2014, 20(6): 1368-1377. (in Chinese)
[20]   张小静, 陈富, 袁安明, 马海涛. 氮磷钾施肥水平对西北干旱区马铃薯生长及产量的影响. 中国马铃薯, 2013, 27(4): 222-225.
Zhang X J, Chen F, Yuan A M, Ma H T. NPK fertilization rate on growth and yield of potato in northwest arid area. Chinese Potato Journal, 2013, 27(4): 222-225. (in Chinese)
[21]   亚军, 李军, 贾志宽, 任广鑫, 王蕾. 宁南半干旱区不同施肥量下马铃薯光合特性研究. 干旱地区农业研究, 2005, 23(5): 68-71.
Yu Y J, Li J, Jia Z K, Ren G X, Wang L. Photosynthetic characters of potato under different fertilizer levels in the semiarid areas of southern Ningxia. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2005, 23(5): 68-71. (in Chinese)
[22]   任稳江, 任亮, 刘生学. 半干旱地区地膜覆盖栽培马铃薯平衡施肥研究. 土壤通报, 2015, 46(1): 157-161.
Ren W J, Ren L, Liu S X. The research on balanced fertilization    of potato under plastic film mulching cultivation in the semi-arid region. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2015, 46(1): 157-161. (in Chinese)
[23]   王立为, 潘志华, 高西宁, 陈东东, 张璐阳, 程路, 周蒙蒙, 李超, 赵沛义. 不同施肥水平对旱地马铃薯水分利用效率的影响. 中国农业大学学报, 2012, 7(2): 54-58.
Wang L W, Pan Z H, Gao X N, Chen D D, Zhang L Y, Cheng L, Zhou M M, Li C, Zhao P Y. Influence of different fertilizer levels water use efficiency of the potato in the dry land. Journal of China Agricultural University, 2012, 7(2): 54-58. (in Chinese)
[24]   何萍, 金继运. 氮钾营养对春玉米叶片衰老过程中激素变化与活性氧代谢的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 1999, 5(4): 289-296.
He P, Jin J Y. Effect of N and K nutrition on change of endogenous hormone and metabolism of active oxygen during leaf senescence in spring maize. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 1999, 5(4): 289-296. (in Chinese)
[25]   郑宪滨, 曹一平, 张福锁, 朱尊权, 李春俭, 刘国顺, 谢德平. 不同供钾水平下烤烟体内钾的循环、累积和分配. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2000, 6(2): 166-172.
Zheng X B, Cao Y P, Zhang F S, Zhu Z Q, Li C J, Liu G S, Xie D P. Circulation, accumulation and distribution of potassium in flue-cured tobacco with different potassium levels. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2000, 6(2): 166-172. (in Chinese)
[26]   侯慧芝, 吕军峰, 郭天文, 张国平, 董博, 张绪成. 旱地全膜覆土穴播对春小麦耗水、产量和土壤水分平衡的影响, 中国农业科学, 2014, 47(22): 4392-4404.
Hou H Z, Lü J F, Guo T W, Zhang G P, Dong B, Zhang X C. Effects of whole field soil-plastic mulching on spring wheat water consumption, yield, and soil water balance in semiarid region. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2014, 47(22): 4392-4404. (in Chinese)
[27]   王红丽, 张绪成, 宋尚有, 马一凡, 于显枫. 西北黄土高原旱地全膜双垄沟播种植对玉米季节性耗水和产量的调节机制. 中国农业科学, 2013, 46(5): 917-926.
Wang H L, Zhang X C, Song S Y, Ma Y F, Yu X F. Regulation of whole field surface plastic mulching and double ridge-furrow planting on seasonal soil water loss and maize yield in rain-fed area of northwest Loess Plateau. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2013, 46(5): 917-926. (in Chinese)
[28]   Subrahmaniyan K, Mathieu N. Polyethylene and biodegradable mulches for agricultural applications: A review. Agronomy Sustainable Development, 2012, 32: 501-529.
[29]   李利利, 王朝辉, 王西娜, 张文伟, 李小涵, 李生秀. 不同地表覆盖栽培对旱地土壤有机碳、无机碳和轻质有机碳的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2009, 15(2): 478-483.
Li L L, Wang Z H, Wang X N, Zhang W W, Li X H, Li S X. Effects of soil surface mulching on organic carbon, inorganic carbon and light fraction organic carbon in dryland soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 2009, 15(2): 478-483. (in Chinese)
[30]   李世朋, 蔡祖聪, 杨浩, 汪景宽. 长期定位施肥与地膜覆盖对土壤肥力和生物学性质的影响. 生态学报, 2009, 29(5): 2489-2498.
Li S P, Cai Z C, Yang H, Wang J K. Effects of long-term fertilization and plastic film covering on some soil fertility and microbial properties. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2009, 29(5): 2489-2498. (in Chinese)
[31]   宋秋华, 李凤民, 王俊, 刘洪升, 李世清. 覆膜对春小麦农田微生物数量和土壤养分的影响. 生态学报, 2002, 22(12): 2125-2132.
Song Q H, Li F M, Wang J, Liu H S, Li S Q. Effect of various mulching durations with plastic film on soil microbial quantity    and plant nutrients of spring wheat field in semi-arid Loess Plateau  of China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2002, 22(12): 2125-2132. (in Chinese)
[32]   彭坷珊. 黄土高原农业高效调水技术. 中国农业科技导报, 2001, 3(1): 12-16.
Peng K S. Agricultural technique of regulating efficiently soil water in Loess Plateau. Review of China Agricultural Science and Technology, 2001, 3(1): 12-16. (in Chinese)
[33]   Chen X P, Cui Z L, Fan M S, Vitousek P, Zhao M, Ma W Q, Wang  Z L, Zhang W J, Yan X Y, Yang J C, Deng X P, Gao Q, Zhang Q, Guo S W, Ren J, Li S Q, Ye Y L, Wang Z H, Huang J L, Tang Q Y, Sun Y X, Peng X L, Zhang J W, He M R, Zhu Y J, Xue J Q, Wang G L, Wu L, An N, Wu L Q, Ma L, Zhang W F, Zhang F S. Producing more grain with lower environmental costs. Nature, 2014, 514: 486-489.
[34]   Zhang F S, Chen X P, Vitousek P. An experiment for the world. Nature, 2013, 497: 33-35.
[1] ZHANG XiaoLi, TAO Wei, GAO GuoQing, CHEN Lei, GUO Hui, ZHANG Hua, TANG MaoYan, LIANG TianFeng. Effects of Direct Seeding Cultivation Method on Growth Stage, Lodging Resistance and Yield Benefit of Double-Cropping Early Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 249-263.
[2] YAN YanGe, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, ZHAO BingQiang, YUAN Liang. Effects of Dextran Modified Urea on Winter Wheat Yield and Fate of Nitrogen Fertilizer [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 287-299.
[3] XU JiuKai, YUAN Liang, WEN YanChen, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, LI HaiYan, ZHAO BingQiang. Nitrogen Fertilizer Replacement Value of Livestock Manure in the Winter Wheat Growing Season [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 300-313.
[4] WANG CaiXiang,YUAN WenMin,LIU JuanJuan,XIE XiaoYu,MA Qi,JU JiSheng,CHEN Da,WANG Ning,FENG KeYun,SU JunJi. Comprehensive Evaluation and Breeding Evolution of Early Maturing Upland Cotton Varieties in the Northwest Inland of China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 1-16.
[5] ZHAO ZhengXin,WANG XiaoYun,TIAN YaJie,WANG Rui,PENG Qing,CAI HuanJie. Effects of Straw Returning and Nitrogen Fertilizer Types on Summer Maize Yield and Soil Ammonia Volatilization Under Future Climate Change [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 104-117.
[6] ZHANG Wei,YAN LingLing,FU ZhiQiang,XU Ying,GUO HuiJuan,ZHOU MengYao,LONG Pan. Effects of Sowing Date on Yield of Double Cropping Rice and Utilization Efficiency of Light and Heat Energy in Hunan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 31-45.
[7] XIONG WeiYi,XU KaiWei,LIU MingPeng,XIAO Hua,PEI LiZhen,PENG DanDan,CHEN YuanXue. Effects of Different Nitrogen Application Levels on Photosynthetic Characteristics, Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield of Spring Maize in Sichuan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1735-1748.
[8] LI YiLing,PENG XiHong,CHEN Ping,DU Qing,REN JunBo,YANG XueLi,LEI Lu,YONG TaiWen,YANG WenYu. Effects of Reducing Nitrogen Application on Leaf Stay-Green, Photosynthetic Characteristics and System Yield in Maize-Soybean Relay Strip Intercropping [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1749-1762.
[9] GUO ShiBo,ZHANG FangLiang,ZHANG ZhenTao,ZHOU LiTao,ZHAO Jin,YANG XiaoGuang. The Possible Effects of Global Warming on Cropping Systems in China XIV. Distribution of High-Stable-Yield Zones and Agro-Meteorological Disasters of Soybean in Northeast China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1763-1780.
[10] WANG HaoLin,MA Yue,LI YongHua,LI Chao,ZHAO MingQin,YUAN AiJing,QIU WeiHong,HE Gang,SHI Mei,WANG ZhaoHui. Optimal Management of Phosphorus Fertilization Based on the Yield and Grain Manganese Concentration of Wheat [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1800-1810.
[11] GUI RunFei,WANG ZaiMan,PAN ShengGang,ZHANG MingHua,TANG XiangRu,MO ZhaoWen. Effects of Nitrogen-Reducing Side Deep Application of Liquid Fertilizer at Tillering Stage on Yield and Nitrogen Utilization of Fragrant Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1529-1545.
[12] LIAO Ping,MENG Yi,WENG WenAn,HUANG Shan,ZENG YongJun,ZHANG HongCheng. Effects of Hybrid Rice on Grain Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1546-1556.
[13] LI Qian,QIN YuBo,YIN CaiXia,KONG LiLi,WANG Meng,HOU YunPeng,SUN Bo,ZHAO YinKai,XU Chen,LIU ZhiQuan. Effect of Drip Fertigation Mode on Maize Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Economic Benefit [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1604-1616.
[14] PENG Xue,GAO YueXia,ZHANG LinXuan,GAO ZhiQiang,REN YaMei. Effects of High-Energy Electron Beam Irradiation on Potato Storage Quality and Bud Eye Cell Ultrastructure [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(7): 1423-1432.
[15] QIN YuQing,CHENG HongBo,CHAI YuWei,MA JianTao,LI Rui,LI YaWei,CHANG Lei,CHAI ShouXi. Increasing Effects of Wheat Yield Under Mulching Cultivation in Northern of China: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(6): 1095-1109.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!