Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (18): 3665-3678.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2020.18.004


Effects of Exogenous 6-BA on Root Growth and Pod Yield of Flooded Peanut at Different Growth Stages

LI Ying(),ZHAO JiHao,LI JinRong,QIAN BiChang,LIU ZhaoXin,GAO Fang,YANG DongQing(),LI XiangDong()   

  1. College of Agriculture, Shandong Agricultural University/State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Taian 271018, Shandong
  • Received:2019-12-30 Accepted:2020-02-26 Online:2020-09-16 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: DongQing YANG,XiangDong LI;;


【Objective】The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of flooding stress and spraying exogenous cytokinin on root respiratory enzymes activities, endogenous hormone content and pod yield at different peanut growth stages, so as to provide a theory base for improving peanut resistance to flooding and using exogenous cytokinin hormone to regulate peanut growth. 【Method】Peanut (Shanhua108) was grown in the pot culture experiments with flooding treatment during 10 days at the seedling stage (V3), the flower needle stage (R3), the pod setting stage (R5), and the full fruit stage (R7),respectively. And the normal water management during the whole growth period (CK) was used as the control. Exogenous 6-benzyladenine (6-BA) (15 mg·L-1) were sprayed to the whole plants at a rate of 250 mL·m-2 after waterlogging. A total of 9 spraying combinations, namely, normal water management during the whole growth period (CK), flooding at the seedling stage (V3-W), spraying 6-BA after flooding at the seedling stage (V3-S), and flooding at the flower needle stage (R3-W), spraying 6-BA after flooding at the flower needle stage (R3-S), flooding at the pod setting stage (R5-W), spraying 6-BA after flooding at the pod setting stage(R5-S), flooding at full fruit stage (R7-W), spraying 6-BA after flooding at full fruit stage (R7-S). And then the anaerobic respiratory enzymes, aerobic respiratory enzymes activity, endogenous hormone contents, root dry weight (RDW), and root length density (RLD) were determined every 5 days after treatment. 【Result】The RDW and RLD in 20-60 cm soil layers were significantly decreased by waterlogging treatment. There was no root system in 20-40 cm soil layer under V3-W treatment after waterlogging. Compared with the R3-W treatment, the values of RDW and RLD of the 20-60 cm soil layer under the R3-S treatment was increased by 5.15% and 8.59% in the growing seasons of 2018 and 2019, respectively. Flooding stress increased the activities of Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and decreased the activity of Malate dehydrogenase (MDH). For example, the activity of ADH and LDH was increased under V3-W treatment by 12.49 and 18.99 times, respectively. Whereas, the activity of MDH decreased by 65.15%. In addition, compared with CK treatment, ABA content in the two growing seasons was increased by 22.51%, 15.81%, 10.57% and 5.64% under V3-W, R3-W, R5-W and R7-W, respectively. However, spraying 6-BA significantly reduced the ABA content during R3 stage, which was 7.60% lower than that of R3-W treatment. On the contrary, endogenous ZR content was reduced by flooding stress at all the growth stages. Compared to CK treatment, ZR content under V3-W, R3-W, R5-W and R7-W treatment was decreased by 16.84%, 15.61%, 15.35%, and 8.51%, respectively. While application of exogenous 6-BA decreased the ABA content, but increased the ZR content. Flooding significantly reduced the number of fruit per plant and the yield per plant in the R5 period, which decreased by 38.39% and 30.43% in 2018, respectively, and decreased by 31.60% and 25.06% in 2019. The R3 period was sprayed with 6-BA in the growth season of 2018 and 2019, increased production by 5.38% and 6.91%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 Application of exogenous 6-BA after flooding increased peanut yield due to increasing root respiration performance and the leaf photosynthetic productivity resulting from reducing the root ABA content and increasing the ZR content to enhance root ADH and MDH activity, and to increase leaf chlorophyll content and photosynthetic rate.

Key words: flooding stress, cytokinin, abscisic acid, root respiratory enzymes, yield

Table 1

Soil basic properties in the experimental site"

年份Year 有机质Organic matter (g·kg-1) 全氮Total nitrogen (g·kg-1) 速效磷Available P (mg·kg-1) 速效钾Available K (mg·kg-1) pH
2018 16.68 0.768 76.53 108.27 7.6
2019 15.83 0.735 73.38 101.25 7.4

Fig. 1

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on root length density in peanut under water-logging stress at different growth stages A, B, C, and D represent flooding during the V3, R3, R5 and R7 periods, respectively. The same as below"

Fig. 2

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on dry root weight in peanut under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 3

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on ADH activity changes in peanut root under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 4

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on LDH activity changes in peanut root under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 5

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on MDH activity changes in peanut root under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 6

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on ZR content changes in peanut root under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 7

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on ABA content changes in peanut root under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Table 2

Relationship between photosynthetic parameters and respiratory enzyme in peanut root"

玉米素核苷ZR 脱落酸ABA 乙醇脱氢酶ADH 乳酸脱氢酶LDH
脱落酸 ABA 0.397
乙醇脱氢酶 ADH 0.286 0.480
乳酸脱氢酶 LDH 0.305 0.685** 0.898**
苹果酸脱氢酶 MDH 0.705** 0.006 -0.225 -0.265

Fig. 8

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on Pn changes in peanut leaves under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Fig. 9

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on the SPAD value of peanut leaves under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Table 3

Effects of exogenous 6-BA on yield and yield components of peanut under water-logging stress at different growth stages"

Pods number per plant
Weight per 100 kernel (g)
Double kernel rate (%)
Pod mass per plant (g)
Kernel rate (%)
2018 CK 20.47a 135.49a 66.30a 27.05a 68.46a
V3-W 18.33d 129.85abc 61.77bc 23.80c 67.61a
V3-S 20.39bc 133.27a 62.98ab 25.06b 67.93a
R3-W 16.67e 126.51bcd 55.70d 22.17d 66.22abc
R3-S 17.33e 131.92ab 58.28cd 23.43c 65.87abc
R5-W 14.17g 122.24d 55.48d 18.82e 68.34a
R5-S 15.67f 124.92cd 55.79d 19.62e 67.13ab
R7-W 19.67c 129.35abc 64.66ab 24.70b 62.05c
R7-S 20.33bc 130.17abc 64.95ab 25.15b 62.49bc
2019 CK 18.20a 148.85a 65.40a 27.21a 67.55a
V3-W 17.83a 146.84ab 63.65ab 26.17a 66.95a
V3-S 18.00a 150.28a 64.44a 27.05a 67.52a
R3-W 15.33abc 137.55bc 55.51c 22.60bc 64.90abc
R3-S 16.83ab 145.51ab 58.50bc 24.43ab 65.42ab
R5-W 14.83c 131.11c 57.97bc 19.39c 59.07d
R5-S 15.25bc 136.90bc 58.54bc 20.88c 61.71bcd
R7-W 17.25a 147.02ab 56.53c 25.37ab 60.83cd
R7-S 17.33a 148.00a 56.73c 25.73ab 61.05bcd
[1] 郭洪海, 杨丽萍, 李新华, 杨萍, 万书波. 黄淮海区域花生生产与品质特征的研究. 中国生态农业学报, 2010,18(6):1233-1238.
GUO H H, YANG L P, LI X H, YANG P, WAN S B. Characteristics of production and quality of peanut in Huang-Huai-Hai region. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2010,18(6):1233-1238. (in Chinese)
[2] 万书波. 中国花生栽培学, 上海: 上海科技出版社, 2003.
WAN S B. Chinese Peanut Cultivation. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Press, 2003. (in Chinese)
[3] SHABALA S, WHITE R G, DJORDJEVICM A, RUAN Y L, MATHESIUS U. Root-to-shoot signalling: integration of diverse molecules, pathways and functions. Functional Plant Biology, 2016,43(2):87-104.
doi: 10.1071/FP15252 pmid: 32480444
[4] WANG Y H, HU W L, ZHANG X L, LI L X, KANG G Z, FENG W, ZHU Y J, WANG C Y, GUO T C. Effects of cultivation patterns on winter wheat root growth parameters and grain yield. Field Crops Research, 2014,156(2):208-218.
doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2013.11.017
[5] HEŘMANSKÁ A, STŘEDA T, CHLOUPEK O. Improved wheat grain yield by a new method of root selection. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2015,35(1):195-202.
[6] YORDANOVA R Y, POPOVA L P. Flooding-induced changes in photosynthesis and oxidative status in maize plants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2007,29:535-541.
doi: 10.1007/s11738-007-0064-z
[7] CAPON S J, JAMES C S, WILLIAMS L. Responses to flooding and drying in seedlings of a common Australian desert floodplain shrub: Muehlenbeckia florulenta Meisn. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2009,66(2):178-185.
doi: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.02.012
[8] KOMATSU S, DESCHAMPS T, HIRAGA S, KATO M, CHIBA M, HASHIGUCHI A, TOUGOU M, SHIMAMURA S, YASUE H. Characterization of a novel flooding stress-responsive alcohol dehydrogenase expressed in soybean roots. Plant Molecular Biology, 2011,77(3):309-322.
doi: 10.1007/s11103-011-9812-y
[9] DU H Y, LIU D X, LIU H P, KURTENBACH R. Relationship between polyamines and anaerobic respiration of wheat seedling root under water-logging stress. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2018,65(6):874-881.
doi: 10.1134/S1021443718060055
[10] SAKAKIBARA H. Cytokinins: activity, biosynthesis and translocation. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2006,57:431-449.
doi: 10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105231 pmid: 16669769
[11] BLATT M R, THIEL G. Hormonal control of ion channel gating. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 1993,44(1):543-567.
doi: 10.1146/annurev.pp.44.060193.002551
[12] ASHRAF M, ARFAN M. Gas exchange characteristics and water relations in two cultivars of Hibiscus esculentus us under waterlogging. Biologia Plantarum, 2005,49:459-462.
doi: 10.1007/s10535-005-0029-2
[13] 胡朝晖, 杨丽霞, 宋涛平, 彭新凯, 李玲. 水分胁迫对花生幼苗叶片内源激素含量的影响. 中国农学通报, 2009,25(17):133-136.
HU Z H, YANG L X, SONG T P, PENG X K, LI L. The effect of water stress on endogenous phytohormones content in peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) leaves. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2009,25(17):133-136. (in Chinese)
[14] 李迎春. 河竹对淹水环境的生理生态响应特征[D]. 北京: 中国林业科学研究院, 2017.
LI Y C. Eco-physiological responses of phyllostachys rivalis to waterlogging[D]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2017. (in Chinese)
[15] 任佰朝, 朱玉玲, 李霞, 范霞, 董树亭, 赵斌, 刘鹏, 张吉旺. 大田淹水对夏玉米光合特性的影响. 作物学报, 2015,41(2):329-338.
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.00329
REN B Z, ZHU Y L, LI X, FAN X, DONG S T, ZHAO B, LIU P, ZHANG J W. Effects of waterlogging on photosynthetic characteristics of summer maize under field conditions. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2015,41(2):329-338. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.00329
[16] BOOTE K J. Growth stages of peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.). Peanut Science, 1982,9(1):35-40.
doi: 10.3146/i0095-3679-9-1-11
[17] WATER I, MORELL S, GREENWAY H, COLMER T D. Effects of anoxia on wheat seedlings: Ⅱ. Influence of O2 supply prior to anoxia on tolerance to anoxia, alcoholic fermentation, and sugar levels. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1991,42(11):1437-1447.
doi: 10.1093/jxb/42.11.1437
[18] BERGMEGER H U. Methods of Enzymatic Analysis. Weinheim: Verlag Chemse, 1983.
[19] 薛应龙. 植物生理学实验手册, 上海: 上海科学技术出版社, 1985.
XUE Y L. Plant Physiology Experiment Manual. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Press, 1985. (in Chinese)
[20] 杨建昌, 王志琴, 朱庆森, 苏宝林. ABA与GA对水稻籽粒灌浆的调控. 作物学报, 1999,25(3):341-348.
YANG J C, WANG Z Q, ZHU Q S, SU B L. Regulation of ABA and GA to the grain filling of rice. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 1999,25(3):341-348. (in Chinese)
[21] ZENG Y, WU Y, WAYNE T A, KAREN E K. Differential regulation of sugar-sensitive sucrose synthases by hypoxia and anoxia indicate complementary transcriptional and posttranscriptional responses. Plant Physiology, 1998,116(4):1573-1583.
doi: 10.1104/pp.116.4.1573 pmid: 9536076
[22] 陈强, 郭修武, 胡艳丽, 毛志泉. 淹水对甜樱桃根系呼吸强度和呼吸酶活性的影响. 应用生态学报, 2008,19(7):1462-1466.
CHEN Q, GUO X W, HU Y L, MAO Z Q. Effects of waterlogging on root respiration in tensity and respiratory enzyme activities of sweet cherry. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2008,19(7):1462-1466. (in Chinese)
[23] VAN DONGEN, JOORT T, LICAUSI, FRANCESCO. Oxygen sensing and signaling. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2015,66(1):345-367.
doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-043014-114813
[24] 僧珊珊, 王群, 李潮海, 刘天学, 赵龙飞. 淹水胁迫下不同玉米品种根结构及呼吸代谢差异. 中国农业科学, 2012,45(20):4141-4148.
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2012.20.003
SENG S S, WANG Q, LI C H, LIU T X, ZHAO L F. Difference in root structure and respiration metabolism between two maize cultivars under waterlogging stress. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2012,45(20):4141-4148. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2012.20.003
[25] 张凤, 王媛媛, 张佳蕾, 杨传婷, 杨晓康, 顾学花, 李艳红, 李向东. 不同生育时期淹水对花生生理性状及产量、品质的影响. 花生学报, 2012,41(2):1-7.
ZHANG F, WANG Y Y, ZHANG J L, YANG C T, YANG X K, GU X H, LI Y H, LI X D. Effects of water-logging at different growing periods on physiological characteristics, pod yield and kernel quality of peanut. Journal of Peanut Science, 2012,41(2):1-7. (in Chinese)
[26] 潘澜, 薛立. 植物淹水胁迫的生理学机制研究进展. 生态学杂志, 2012,31(10):2662-2672.
PAN L, XUE L. Plant physiological mechanisms in adapting to waterlogging stress. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012,31(10):2662-2672. (in Chinese)
[27] 汪贵斌, 曹福亮, 张晓燕, 张往祥. 涝渍胁迫对不同树种生长和能量代谢酶活性的影响. 应用生态学报, 2010,21(3):590-596.
WANG G B, CAO F L, ZHANG X Y, ZHANG W X. Effects of waterlogging on the growth and energy-metabolic enzyme activities of different tree species. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2010,21(3):590-596. (in Chinese)
[28] PANDEY G. Mechanism of Plant Hormone Signaling Under Stress. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2017.
[29] TRAPET P, KULIK A, LAMOTTE O. NO signaling in plant immunity: A tale of messengers. Phytochemistry, 2015,112:72-79.
doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2014.03.015 pmid: 24713571
[30] WANG Y Y, FRANK P M, EVA W N. Near-optimal control of nonstandard singularly perturbed system. Automatica, 1994,30(2):277-292.
doi: 10.1016/0005-1098(94)90030-2
[31] DAVIES W J, KUDOYAROVA G, HARTUNG W. Long-distance ABA signaling and its relation to other signaling pathways in the detection of soil drying and the mediation of the plant’s response to drought. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2005,24(4):285-295.
doi: 10.1007/s00344-005-0103-1
[32] ZHANG F Q, WANG Y S, LOU Z P. Effect of heavy metal stress on antioxidative enzymes and lipid peroxidation in leaves and roots of two mangrove plant seedlings (Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). Chemosphere, 2007,67(1):44-50.
doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.10.007 pmid: 17123580
[33] TAKATSUKA H, UMEDA M. ABA inhibits root cell elongation through repressing the cytokinin signaling. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2019,14(3):e1578632.
doi: 10.1080/15592324.2019.1578632 pmid: 30741075
[34] JIAO Y, SUN L, SONG Y. AtrbohD and AtrbohF positively regulate abscisic acid-inhibited primary root growth by affecting Ca 2+ signalling and auxin response of roots in Arabidopsis . Journal of Experimental Botany, 2013,64(14):4183-4192.
doi: 10.1093/jxb/ert228 pmid: 23963673
[35] POSPĺŠLOVÁ J. Interaction of cytokinins and abscisic acid during regulation of stomatal opening in bean leaves. Photosynthetica (Prague), 2003,41(1):49-56.
[36] 刘敬然, 刘佳杰, 孟亚利, 王友华, 陈兵林, 张国伟, 周治国. 外源6-BA和ABA对不同播种期棉花产量和品质及其棉铃对位叶光合产物的影响. 作物学报, 2013,39(6):1078-1088.
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.01078
LIU J R, LIU J J, MENG Y L, WANG Y H, CHEN B L, ZHANG G W, ZHOU Z G. Effect of 6-BA and ABA applications on yield, quality and photosynthate contents in the subtending leaf of cotton with different planting dates. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2013,39(6):1078-1088. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.01078
[37] SASIDHARAN R, HARTMAN S, LIU Z. Signal dynamics and interactions during flooding stress. Plant Physiology, 2018,176(2):1106-1117.
doi: 10.1104/pp.17.01232 pmid: 29097391
[38] WILKINSON S, KUDOYAROVA G R, VESELOV D S, ARKHIPOA T N, DAVIES W J. Plant hormone interactions: innovative targets for crop breeding and management. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2012,63(9):3499-3509.
doi: 10.1093/jxb/ers148
[39] 于奇, 冯乃杰, 王诗雅, 左官强, 郑殿峰. S3307对始花期和始粒期淹水绿豆光合作用及产量的影响. 作物学报, 2019,45(7):1080-1089.
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2019.84160
YU Q, FENG N J, WANG S Y, ZUO G Q, ZHENG D F. Effects of S3307 on the photosynthesis and yield of mung bean at R1 and R5 stages under waterlogging stress. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019,45(7):1080-1089. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2019.84160
[40] ARAKI H, HAMADA A, HOSSAIN M A, TAKAHASHI T. Waterlogging at jointing and/or after anthesis in wheat induces early leaf senescence and impairs grain filling. Field Crops Research, 2012,137:27-36.
doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2012.09.006
[41] YEUNG E, BAILEY-SERRES J, SASIDHARAN R. After the deluge: plant revival post-flooding. Trends in Plant Science, 2019,24(5):443-454.
doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2019.02.007 pmid: 30857921
[42] 刘义玲, 李天来, 孙周平, 顾丰颖, 何雨. 根际CO2浓度升高对网纹甜瓜光合特性及产量和品质的影响. 应用生态学报, 2013,24(10):2871-2877.
LIU Y L, LI T L, SUN Z P, GU F Y, HE Y. Effects of elevated rhizosphere CO2 concentration on the photosynthetic characteristics, yield, and quality of muskmelon. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology. 2013,24(10):2871-2877. (in Chinese)
[43] 杜厚江, 王小燕, 赵晓宇. 6-BA对小麦开花期渍害的缓减效应. 麦类作物学报, 2014,34(12):1672-1676.
DU H J, WANG X Y, ZHAO X Y. Effects of 6-BA on alleviating grain yield loss of wheat by waterlogging at anthesis. Journal of Triticeae Crops, 2014,34(12):1672-1676. (in Chinese)
[1] ZHANG XiaoLi, TAO Wei, GAO GuoQing, CHEN Lei, GUO Hui, ZHANG Hua, TANG MaoYan, LIANG TianFeng. Effects of Direct Seeding Cultivation Method on Growth Stage, Lodging Resistance and Yield Benefit of Double-Cropping Early Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 249-263.
[2] YAN YanGe, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, ZHAO BingQiang, YUAN Liang. Effects of Dextran Modified Urea on Winter Wheat Yield and Fate of Nitrogen Fertilizer [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 287-299.
[3] XU JiuKai, YUAN Liang, WEN YanChen, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, LI HaiYan, ZHAO BingQiang. Nitrogen Fertilizer Replacement Value of Livestock Manure in the Winter Wheat Growing Season [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 300-313.
[4] WANG CaiXiang,YUAN WenMin,LIU JuanJuan,XIE XiaoYu,MA Qi,JU JiSheng,CHEN Da,WANG Ning,FENG KeYun,SU JunJi. Comprehensive Evaluation and Breeding Evolution of Early Maturing Upland Cotton Varieties in the Northwest Inland of China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 1-16.
[5] ZHAO ZhengXin,WANG XiaoYun,TIAN YaJie,WANG Rui,PENG Qing,CAI HuanJie. Effects of Straw Returning and Nitrogen Fertilizer Types on Summer Maize Yield and Soil Ammonia Volatilization Under Future Climate Change [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 104-117.
[6] LI XuFei,YANG ShengDi,LI SongQi,LIU HaiNan,PEI MaoSong,WEI TongLu,GUO DaLong,YU YiHe. Analysis of VlCKX4 Expression Characteristics and Prediction of Transcriptional Regulation in Grape [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 144-155.
[7] ZHANG Wei,YAN LingLing,FU ZhiQiang,XU Ying,GUO HuiJuan,ZHOU MengYao,LONG Pan. Effects of Sowing Date on Yield of Double Cropping Rice and Utilization Efficiency of Light and Heat Energy in Hunan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 31-45.
[8] XIONG WeiYi,XU KaiWei,LIU MingPeng,XIAO Hua,PEI LiZhen,PENG DanDan,CHEN YuanXue. Effects of Different Nitrogen Application Levels on Photosynthetic Characteristics, Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield of Spring Maize in Sichuan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1735-1748.
[9] LI YiLing,PENG XiHong,CHEN Ping,DU Qing,REN JunBo,YANG XueLi,LEI Lu,YONG TaiWen,YANG WenYu. Effects of Reducing Nitrogen Application on Leaf Stay-Green, Photosynthetic Characteristics and System Yield in Maize-Soybean Relay Strip Intercropping [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1749-1762.
[10] GUO ShiBo,ZHANG FangLiang,ZHANG ZhenTao,ZHOU LiTao,ZHAO Jin,YANG XiaoGuang. The Possible Effects of Global Warming on Cropping Systems in China XIV. Distribution of High-Stable-Yield Zones and Agro-Meteorological Disasters of Soybean in Northeast China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1763-1780.
[11] WANG HaoLin,MA Yue,LI YongHua,LI Chao,ZHAO MingQin,YUAN AiJing,QIU WeiHong,HE Gang,SHI Mei,WANG ZhaoHui. Optimal Management of Phosphorus Fertilization Based on the Yield and Grain Manganese Concentration of Wheat [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1800-1810.
[12] GUI RunFei,WANG ZaiMan,PAN ShengGang,ZHANG MingHua,TANG XiangRu,MO ZhaoWen. Effects of Nitrogen-Reducing Side Deep Application of Liquid Fertilizer at Tillering Stage on Yield and Nitrogen Utilization of Fragrant Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1529-1545.
[13] LIAO Ping,MENG Yi,WENG WenAn,HUANG Shan,ZENG YongJun,ZHANG HongCheng. Effects of Hybrid Rice on Grain Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1546-1556.
[14] LI Qian,QIN YuBo,YIN CaiXia,KONG LiLi,WANG Meng,HOU YunPeng,SUN Bo,ZHAO YinKai,XU Chen,LIU ZhiQuan. Effect of Drip Fertigation Mode on Maize Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Economic Benefit [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1604-1616.
[15] QIN YuQing,CHENG HongBo,CHAI YuWei,MA JianTao,LI Rui,LI YaWei,CHANG Lei,CHAI ShouXi. Increasing Effects of Wheat Yield Under Mulching Cultivation in Northern of China: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(6): 1095-1109.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!