Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (21): 4210-4218.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2018.21.019

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles    

Effect of Root Irrigation of Acetic Acid and Wine on Photoinhibition of Grape Under Seawater Stress

Hui WANG(),YuLu GAO,Meng YU,YuanPeng DU,YongJiang SUN(),Heng ZHAI()   

  1. College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University/State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Taian 271018, Shandong
  • Received:2018-05-07 Accepted:2018-08-01 Online:2018-11-01 Published:2018-11-01
  • Contact: Hui WANG,YongJiang SUN,Heng ZHAI;;


【Objective】In order to expand the effective utilization of salinized soil and improve the quality of grape growth and development in salinized soil, the effects of acetic acid and wine on leaf photoinhibition under 15% seawater stress were studied. The result will provide a theoretical basis and technical reference for the improvement of grape cultivation techniques in salinized soil. 【Method】One-year old potted ‘Moldova’ seedlings were grown in plastic pots (with a diameter of 20 cm, and a height of 18 cm). The ratio of soil to substrate in each pot was 1﹕1 and the pots were placed in greenhouse. The culture conditions of the greenhouse were as follows: the average daily temperature was about 25℃, the light transmittance was more than 50% of natural light intensity, the maximum light intensity was 800 μmol·m -2·s -1, the relative humidity was 40%-60%, and the normal fertilizer and water was managed until 8-10 pieces of fully expanded leaves, then the seawater and exogenous acetic acid were used. The plants were irrigated with 15% seawater, 30 mmol·L -1 exogenous acetic acid and 2% wine at the same time, each treatment repeated 5 times, the controls were treated with clear water. Each treatment was irrigated every 2 days and 3 times, the irrigation amount was 2 times of water holding capacity, and about 1/3 of the solution leaked out, chlorophyll fluorescence indicators were determined on the 2nd day of irrigation, after 10 days treatment, the effects of the two methods on malondialdehyde (MDA) content, chlorophyll content, and root activity under seawater stress were analyzed.【Result】15% seawater treatment significantly decreased the chlorophyll content of leaf and root activity, but increased MDA content of root, stem and leaf. Compared with clear water control, the chlorophyll content decreased by 18.5% and root activity decreased by 41.9%. MDA content of root, stem and leaf increased by 1.10, 0.27 and 0.41 times, respectively. However, 30 mmol·L -1 acetic acid and 2% wine treatments significantly decreased the MDA content in grape. The MDA content in root, stem and leaf of grape treated with acetic acid decreased by 29.3%, 20.6% and 15.8%, respectively, compared with that of seawater stress, and the MDA content in root, stem and leaf of grape treated with wine decreased by 29.4%, 20.2% and 25.2%, respectively, compared with that of seawater stress. Irrigated with acetic acid and wine significantly increased the leaf chlorophyll content and root activity. Compared with seawater stress treatment, the root activity increased by 68.4% and 56.9%, and the chlorophyll content increased by 18.8% and 20.3%, respectively. The analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence showed that 15% seawater treatment decreased the levels of photosystem II (PSII) maximum photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) and the maximum photo-oxidizable P700 (Pm). The Pm on the 3rd, 6th, and 9th day decreased by 5.0%, 9.6% and 13.0% compared with the control, the levels of photochemical quenching coefficient (qP) and PSII actual photochemical efficiency (YII) decreased gradually, but the quantum yield of regulated energy dissipation Y (NPQ) and the quantum yield of non-regulated energy dissipation Y (NO) increased gradually. The nonphotochemical quantum yield due to PSI donor side limitation Y (ND) changed little, but the nonphotochemical quantum yield due to PSI acceptor side limitation Y (NA) increased gradually, resulting in the decrease of PSI actual photochemical efficiency Y (I). The irrigation of 30 mmol·L -1 acetic acid and 2% wine significantly relieved the stress of 15% seawater. The actual photochemical efficiency of PSI and PSII increased significantly, meanwhile the energy dissipated through heat decreased, then enhanced the efficiency of light energy utilization of grape leaves, in which 2% wine treatment showed a more obvious alleviated effect.【Conclusion】Irrigation of acetic acid and wine significantly improved root activity and chlorophyll content, which alleviated the photoinhibition level and improved the adaptability of grape to saline environment. The results provided a theoretical basis for the use of extract of wine lees to improvement of coastal saline soil.

Key words: grape, seawater, photoinhibition, acetic acid, wine, chlorophyll fluorescence

Table 1

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and wine on soil physical and chemical properties under seawater stress"

Soil pH
Soil bulk density (g·cm-2)
Soil moisture content (%)
清水对照Clear water control 7.48±0.06a 0.89±0.04a 21.6±1.6a
海水Seawater 7.53±0.08a 0.94±0.03a 24.6±3.4a
乙酸+海水Acetic acid + seawater 7.42±0.06a 0.86±0.09a 23.0±1.1a
葡萄酒+海水Wine + seawater 7.44±0.06a 0.83±0.04a 22.5±3.4a

Table 2

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and wine on malondialdehyde content in grape root, stem and leaf under seawater stress"

丙二醛含量Malondialdehyde content (μmol·g-1 FW )
根Root 茎Stem 叶Leaf
清水对照Clear water control 6.76±0.06c 8.34±0.04b 12.44±0.04d
海水Seawater 14.20±0.03a 10.58±0.09a 17.52±0.09a
乙酸+海水Acetic acid + seawater 10.04±0.03b 8.40±0.03b 14.76±0.07b
葡萄酒+海水Wine + seawater 10.02±0.03b 8.44±0.06b 13.10±0.09c

Fig. 1

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and grape wine treatment on grape root activity under seawater stress"

Fig. 2

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and grape wine treatment on chlorophyll content in grape leaves under seawater stress"

Fig. 3

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and grape wine treatment on Fv/Fm and Pm in grape leaves under seawater stress"

Fig. 4

Effects of irrigating acetic acid and grape wine treatment on energy distribution in grape leaves under seawater stress"

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