Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (12): 2338-2348.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2017.12.014

• HORTICULTURE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis and Comprehensive Evaluation of the Quality of Wolfberry (Lycium L.) Fresh Fruits with Different Fruit Colors

ZHAO Jianhua1, SHU Xiaoying2, LI Haoxia3, ZHENG Huiwen4, YIN Yue1, AN Wei1, Wang YaJun4   

  1. 1Wolfberry Engineering Research Institute, Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences /National Wolfberry Engineering Research Center, Yinchuan 750002, Ningxia; 2College of Science, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi; 3 Desertification Control Research Institute, Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Yinchuan 750002; 4College of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715
  • Received:2016-11-30 Online:2017-06-16 Published:2017-06-16

Abstract: 【Objective】The objective of this study is to explore the relations between the fresh fruit quality (FFQ) indices of wolfberry (Lycium L.) and different fruit colors and to set up a comprehensive evaluation system for wolfberry FFQ, thus would provide a theoretical basis for fresh fruit materials evaluation and utilization of wolfberry germplasm resources.【Method】Twenty-four indices of FFQ were determined in 32 wolfberry materials with different fruit colors. Eight FFQ indices were chosen by correlation analysis and factor analysis, and the weight of indices were decided by analytical hierarchy process. A comprehensive evaluation system was established for wolfberry FFQ by using data standardization process.【Result】Great differences of FFQ variations were observed in different fruit colors wolfberry, and their coefficients of variation (CV) were from14.3% to 113.4%, among which, the CV of malic acid was the highest, the CV of sucrose and flavonoids was the second, followed by the CV of cheek diameter, and total sugar was lower. Eight typically indices including length diameter (LD), cheek diameter (CD), fructose (FR), glucose (GL), oxalic acid (OC), tartaric acid (TA), flavonoids (FL) and polysaccharide(PO) were screened from 24 wolfberry FFQ indices by correlation analysis and factor analysis. An analytical hierarchy model was proposed based on the effect of eight indices on wolfberry FFQ, and weight coefficient of these factors were 17.74%, 17.74%, 10.75%, 10.75%, 5.38%, 5.38%, 10.75% and 21.51%, respectively. The values of comprehensive evaluation in tested materials were calculated according to the formula of standardized treatment, comprehensive evaluation of FFQ showed a significant difference among different fruit colors wolfberries, and with the following FFQ order: red fruit > purple fruit > yellow fruit > dark red fruit > black fruit. 【Conclusion】 FFQ of different fruit color wolfberries could be evaluated by LD, CD, FR, GL, OA, TA, FL and PO. As for comprehensive quality, red fresh fruits are the most excellent, and black fresh fruits are poor. The key factors affecting wolfberry FFQ are as follows: yield factor, flavor factor and functional active factor.

Key words: Lycium L., fruit quality, factor analysis, hierarchical analysis, comprehensive evaluation

[1] 白守宁. 宁夏枸杞研究. 宁夏: 宁夏人民出版社, 1999: 1-3.
BAI S N. Lycium barbarum Research. Ningxia: Ningxia People's Press, 1999: 1-3. (in Chinese)
[2] 国家药典委员会. 中华人民共和国药典(一部). 北京: 中国医药科技出版社, 2010: 232-233.
Committee of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Ministry of Public Health of PR China. Chinese Pharmacopoeia (vol 1). Beijing: China Medical Science Press, 2010: 232-233. (in Chinese)
[3] 黄婷, 刘俭, 秦垦, 戴国礼, 张波, 李金平. 鲜食枸杞的品质要求研究. 宁夏农林科技, 2013, 54(12): 151.
HUANG T, LIU J, QIN K, ZHANG B, LI J P. Study on quality requirements for fresh wolfberry. Ningxia Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Science Technology, 2013, 54(12): 151. (in Chinese)
[4] 张晓煜, 刘静, 王来喜. 枸杞品质综合评价体系构建. 中国农业科学, 2004, 37(3): 416-421.
ZHANG X Y, LIU J, WANG L X. A synthetic system established for assessing the quality of Lycium barbarum L. Scientia Agriculturae Sinica, 2004, 37(3): 416-421. (in Chinese)
[5] 赵晓梅, 吴玉鹏, 王旭辉, 叶凯. 不同采摘期对枸杞果实性状和品质的影响. 西南农业学报, 2015, 28(2): 772-777.
ZHAO X M, WU Y P, WANG X H,YE K. Effects of different picking periods on characteristics and quality of wolfberry fruits. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 772-777. (in Chinese)
[6] 张波, 罗青, 王学琴, 戴国礼. 不同产区宁夏枸杞品质分析比较. 北方园艺, 2014(15): 165-168.
ZHANG B, LUO Q, WANG X Q, DAI G L. Fruit quality comparison of Lycium barbarum L. from different producing areas. Northern Horticulture, 2014(15): 165-168. (in Chinese)
[7] 刘俭, 张波, 秦垦, 黄婷, 周璇, 戴国礼. 不同枸杞种质间品质比较与分析. 江西农业学报, 2015(1): 53-56.
LIU J, ZHANG B, QIN K, HUANG T, ZHOU X, DAI G L. Comparison and analysis of fruit quality of different chinese wolfberry germplasms. Acta Agriculturae Jiangxi, 2015(1): 53-56. (in Chinese)
[8] 石志刚, 杜慧莹, 门惠芹. 枸杞种质资源描述规范和数据标准. 中国林业出版社, 2012: 52-53.
SHI Z G, DU H Y, MEN H Q. Descriptors and Data Standard for Wolfberry (Lycium L.). China Forestry Press, 2012: 52-53. (in Chinese)
[9] 赵智中, 张上隆, 徐昌杰, 陈昆松, 刘拴桃. 蔗糖代谢相关酶在温州蜜柑果实糖积累中的作用. 园艺学报, 2001, 28(2): 112-118.
ZHAO Z Z, ZHANG S L, XU C J, CHEN K S, LIU Q T. Roles of sucrose-metabolizing enzymes in accumulation of sugars in satsuma mandarin fruit. Acta Horticulturae Sinica, 2001, 28(2): 112-118. (in Chinese)
[10] ZHAO J H, LI H X, XI W P, NIU L L, CAO Y L, WANG H F, WANG Y J, YIN Y. Changes in sugars and organic acids in wolfberry (Lycium barbarum L.) fruit during development and maturation. Food Chemistry, 2015, 173(2015): 718-724.
[11] 赵建华. 枸杞果实发育期糖分及其糖代谢相关基因表达分析[D]. 北京: 北京林业大学, 2016: 18-19.
ZHAO J H. Study on sugar components and expression of sugar metabolizing genes in wolfberry (Lycium L.) fruit development [D]. Beijing: Beijing Forestry University, 2016: 18-19. (in Chinese)
[12] 张自萍, 廖国玲, 李弘武. 宁夏枸杞黄酮类化合物HPLC指纹图谱研究. 中草药, 2008, 39(1): 103-105.
ZHANG Z P, LIAO G L, LI H W. HPLC fingerprint of flavonoids from Lycium barbarum. Chinese Traditional & Herbal Drugs, 2008, 39(1): 103-105. (in Chinese)
[13] 王晓菁, 吴燕, 王黎明. 固相萃取-高效液相色谱法测定枸杞中甜菜碱. 食品科学, 2010, 31(8): 199-201.
WANG X J, WU Y, WANG L M. Determination of betaine in fruits of Lycium barbarum L. by solid phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography. Food Science, 2010, 31(8): 199-201. (in Chinese)
[14] 李浩霞, 尹跃, 安巍, 赵建华, 王亚军. 枸杞果实发育阶段类胡萝卜素的变化. 西北林学院学报, 2015, 30(6): 139-142.
LI H X, YIN Y, AN W, ZHAO J H, WANG Y J. Changes of carotenoids a ccumulation of Lycicum bararum during fruit development. Journal of Northwest Forestry University, 2015, 30(6): 139-142. (in Chinese)
[15] 唐启义, 冯明光. DPS©数据处理系统—实验设计、统分析及数据挖掘(第2版). 北京: 科学出版社,2010.
TANG Q Y, FENG M G. DPS© Date Proessing System—Experimental Design, Statistical Analysis and Date Mining (2nd Edition). Beijing: Science Press, 2010. (in Chinese)
[16] 安巍, 赵建华, 石志刚, 焦恩宁. 枸杞种质资源果实数量性状评价指标探讨. 果树学报, 2007, 24(2): 172-175.
AN W, ZHAO J H, SHI Z G, JIAO E N. Evaluation criteria of some fruit quantitative characteristics of wolfberry (Lycium L.) genetic resources. Journal of Fruit Science, 2007, 24(2): 172-175. (in Chinese)
[17] 安巍, 王亚军, 尹跃, 罗青, 石志刚, 赵建华. 枸杞种质资源的SRAP分析. 浙江农业学报, 2013, 25 (6): 1234-1237.
AN W, WANG Y J, YIN Y, LUO Q, SHI Z G, ZHAO J H. SRAP analysis of wolfberry germplasms. Acta Agriculturae Zhejiangensis, 2013, 25(6): 1234-1237. (in Chinese)
[18] ZHAO W G, CHUANG J W, CHO Y I, Rha W H, Lee G A, Ma K H, Han S H, Bang K H, Park C B, Kim S M, Park Y J. Molecular genetic diversity and population structure in Lycium accessions using SSR markers. Comptes rendus biologies, 2010, 333(11/12): 793-800.
[19] 袁海静, 安巍, 李立会, 曹有龙, 刘伟华, 董立国, 李丁仁, 王孝. 中国枸杞种质资源主要形态学性状调查与聚类分析. 植物遗传资源学报, 2013, 14(4): 627-633.
Yuan H J, AN W, LI L H, CAO Y L, LIU W H, DONG L G, LI D R, WANG X. The investigation and cluster analysis of main morphological characters for germplasm of Chinese wolfberry. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 2013, 14(4): 627-633. (in Chinese)
[20] Maulión E, Arroyo L E, Daorden M E, Valentinib G H, Cervignia G D L.Performance profiling of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch collection and comprehensive association among fruit quality, agronomic and phenological traits. Scientia Horticulturae, 2016, 198: 385-397.
[21] 马庆华, 李永红, 梁丽松, 李琴, 王海, 许元峰, 孙玉波, 王贵禧. 冬枣优良单株果实品质的因子分析与综合评价. 中国农业科学, 2010, 43(12): 2491-2499.
Ma Q H, LI Y H, LIANG L S, LI Q, WANG H, XU Y F, SUN Y B, WANG G X. Factor analysis and synthetical evaluation of the fruit quality of Dongzao (Ziziphus jujuba Mill. 'Dongzao') advanced selections. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2010, 43(12): 2491-2499. (in Chinese)
[22] 张劲, 黄丽, 夏宁, 韦保耀, 滕建文. 6个芒果品种品质特性评价研究. 食品科技, 2011, 36(9): 65-69.
ZHANG J, HUANG L, XIA N, WEI B Y, TENG J W. Evaluation of six mango cultivars by fruit quality characters. Food Science & Technology, 2011, 36(9): 65-69. (in Chinese)
[23] 高三基, 傅华英, 陈如凯, 徐良年, 张华. 甘蔗品质指标的通径分析和因子分析. 植物遗传资源学报, 2006, 7(1): 81-84.
GAO S J, FU H Y, CHEN R K, XU L N, ZHANG H. Path and factor analysis for quality indexes of sugarcane. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 2006, 7(1): 81-84. (in Chinese)
[24] 聂继云, 李志霞, 李海飞, 李静, 王昆, 毋永龙, 徐国锋, 闫震, 吴锡, 覃兴. 苹果理化品质评价指标研究. 中国农业科学, 2012, 45(14): 2895-2903.
NIE J Y, LI Z X, LI H F, LI J, WANG K, WU Y L, XU G F, YAN Z, WU X, QIN X. Evaluation indices for apple physicochemical quality. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2012, 45(14): 2895-2903. (in Chinese)
[25] 聂继云, 毋永龙, 李海飞, 王昆, 徐国锋, 闫震, 吴锡. 苹果鲜榨汁品质评价体系构建. 中国农业科学, 2013, 46(8): 1657-1667.
NIE J Y, WU Y L, LI H F, WANG K, XU G F, YAN Z, WU X. Evaluation system established for fresh apple juice quality. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2013, 46(8): 1657-1667. (in Chinese)
[26] 唐忠厚, 魏猛, 陈晓光, 史新敏, 张爱君, 李洪民, 丁艳锋. 不同肉色甘薯块根主要营养品质特征与综合评价. 中国农业科学, 2014, 47(9): 1705-1714.
TANG Z H, WEI M, CHEN X G, SHI X M, ZHANG A J, LI H M DING Y F. Characters and comprehensive evaluation of nutrient quality of sweetpotato storage root with different flesh colors. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2014, 47(9): 1705-1714. (in Chinese)
[27] 白世践, 李超, 王爱玲, 陈光, 赵荣华, 王勇, 蔡军社. 吐鲁番地区无核葡萄主要品质性状因子分析与综合评价. 西北农业学报, 2016, 25(1): 92-102.
BAI S J, LI C, WANG A L,CHEN G, ZHAO R H, WANG Y, CAI J S. Factor analysis and comprehensive evaluation of seedless grape quality in Turpan. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica, 2016, 25(1): 92-102. (in Chinese)
[28] AYOYR J, Sagar M, Harrak H, Alahyane A, Alfeddy M N, Taourirte M, Benichou M. Evolution of some fruit quality criteria during ripening of twelve new Moroccan apricot clones (Prunus armeniaca L.). Scientia Horticulturae, 2017, 215: 72-79.
[29] 虞晓芬, 傅玳. 多指标综合评价方法综述. 统计与决策, 2004(11): 119-121.
Yu X F, Fu D. A summary of comprehensive evaluation method with multi-index. Statistics and Decision, 2004(11): 119-121. (in Chinese)
[30] 刘遵春, 包东娥, 廖明安. 层次分析法在金花梨果实品质评价上的应用. 西北农林科技大学学报(自然科学版), 2006, 34(8): 125-128.
LIU Z C, BAO D E, LIAO M A. Application of analytic hierarchy process in evaluating Jinhua pear quality. Journal of Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry(Natural Science Edition), 2006, 34(8): 125-128. (in Chinese)
[31] 王青, 戴思兰, 何晶, 季玉山, 王朔. 灰色关联法和层次分析法在盆栽多头小菊株系选择中的应用. 中国农业科学, 2012, 45(17): 3653-3660.
WANG Q, DAI S L, HE J, JI Y S, WANG S. Application of grey correlation analysis and AHP method in selection of potted chrysanthemum. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2012, 45(17): 3653-3660. (in Chinese)
[32] 闫亚美, 戴国礼, 冉林武, 罗青, 李晓莺, 秦垦, 巫鹏举, 曾晓雄, 曹有龙. 不同产地野生黑果枸杞资源果实多酚组成分析. 中国农业科学, 2014, 47(22): 4540-4550.
YAN Y M, DAI G L, RAN L W, LUO Q, LI X Y, QIN K, WU P J, ZENG X X, CAO Y L. The polyphenols composition of Lycium ruthenicum murr. from different places. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2014, 47(22): 4540-4550. (in Chinese)
[33] 马文平, 李赫, 叶立勤, 陈敏, 张杉. 不同采收期枸杞干燥过程中主要类胡萝卜素的变化. 中国农业科学, 2007, 40(7): 1492-1497.
MA W P, LI H, YE L Q, CHEN M, ZHANG S. Changes of the main carotenoids pigment contents during the drying processes at different harvest stage in Lycium barbarum L. fruits. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2007, 40(7): 1492-1497. (in Chinese)
[1] WANG YangYang,LIU WanDai,HE Li,REN DeChao,DUAN JianZhao,HU Xin,GUO TianCai,WANG YongHua,FENG Wei. Evaluation of Low Temperature Freezing Injury in Winter Wheat and Difference Analysis of Water Effect Based on Multivariate Statistical Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(7): 1301-1318.
[2] WANG XiuXiu,XING AiShuang,YANG Ru,HE ShouPu,JIA YinHua,PAN ZhaoE,WANG LiRu,DU XiongMing,SONG XianLiang. Comprehensive Evaluation of Phenotypic Characters of Nature Population in Upland Cotton [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(6): 1082-1094.
[3] BIAN NengFei, SUN DongLei, GONG JiaLi, WANG Xing, XING XingHua, JIN XiaHong, WANG XiaoJun. Evaluation of Edible Quality of Roasted Peanuts and Indexes Screening [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(4): 641-652.
[4] SONG JiangTao,SHEN DanDan,GONG XuChen,SHANG XiangMing,LI ChunLong,CAI YongXi,YUE JianPing,WANG ShuaiLing,ZHANG PuFen,XIE ZongZhou,LIU JiHong. Effects of Artificial Fruit Thinning on Sugar and Acid Content and Expression of Metabolism-Related Genes in Fruit of Beni-Madonna Tangor [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(23): 4688-4701.
[5] SHEN Qian,ZHANG SiPing,LIU RuiHua,LIU ShaoDong,CHEN Jing,GE ChangWei,MA HuiJuan,ZHAO XinHua,YANG GuoZheng,SONG MeiZhen,PANG ChaoYou. Construction of A Comprehensive Evaluation System and Screening of Cold Tolerance Indicators for Cold Tolerance of Cotton at Seedling Emergence Stage [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(22): 4342-4355.
[6] HU Xin, ZHANG ZhiLiang, ZHANG Fei, DENG Bo, FANG WeiMin. Comprehensive Evaluation and Selection of Hybrid Offsprings of Large-Flowered Tea Chrysanthemum [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(20): 4036-4051.
[7] SHEN Zhe,ZHANG RenLian,LONG HuaiYu,XU AiGuo. Research on Spatial Distribution of Soil Texture in Southern Ningxia Based on Machine Learning [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(15): 2961-2972.
[8] WAN LianJie,HE Man,LI JunJie,TIAN Yang,ZHANG Ji,ZHENG YongQiang,LÜ Qiang,XIE RangJin,MA YanYan,DENG Lie,YI ShiLai. Effects of Partial Substitution of Chemical Fertilizer by Organic Fertilizer on Ponkan Growth and Quality as well as Soil Properties [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(15): 2988-3001.
[9] XU Xiao,REN GenZeng,ZHAO XinRui,CHANG JinHua,CUI JiangHui. Accurate Identification and Comprehensive Evaluation of Panicle Phenotypic Traits of Landraces and Cultivars of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(11): 2092-2108.
[10] FAN WenJing,LIU Ming,ZHAO Peng,ZHANG QiangQiang,WU DeXiang,GUO PengYu,ZHU XiaoYa,JIN Rong,ZHANG AiJun,TANG ZhongHou. Screening of Sweetpotato Varieties Tolerant to Low Nitrogen at Seedling Stage and Evaluation of Different Nitrogen Efficiencies [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(10): 1891-1902.
[11] LIU QiuYuan,ZHOU Lei,TIAN JinYu,CHENG Shuang,TAO Yu,XING ZhiPeng,LIU GuoDong,WEI HaiYan,ZHANG HongCheng. Comprehensive Evaluation of Nitrogen Efficiency and Screening of Varieties with High Grain Yield and High Nitrogen Efficiency of Inbred Middle-Ripe Japonica Rice in the Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(7): 1397-1409.
[12] ZHANG Yan,WANG JinSong,DONG ErWei,WU AiLian,WANG Yuan,JIAO XiaoYan. Comprehensive Evaluation of Low-Fertility Tolerance of Different Sorghum Cultivars in Middle-Late-Maturing Area [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(23): 4954-4968.
[13] ZHAO Rui,ZHANG XuHui,ZHANG ChengYang,GUO JingLei,WANG Yu,LI HongXia. Evaluation and Screening of Nitrogen Efficiency of Wheat Germplasm Resources at Mature Stage [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(18): 3818-3833.
[14] LI Min, SU Hui, LI YangYang, LI JinPeng, LI JinCai, ZHU YuLei, SONG YouHong. Analysis of Heat Tolerance of Wheat with Different Genotypes and Screening of Identification Indexes in Huang-Huai-Hai Region [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(16): 3381-3392.
[15] LIU Xing,CAO HongXia,LIAO Yang,ZHOU ChenGuang,LI HuangTao. Effects of Drip Irrigation Methods on Photosynthetic Characteristics, Yield and Irrigation Water Use of Apple [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(15): 3264-3278.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!