Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (20): 3904-3917.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.20.005

• TILLAGE & CULTIVATION·PHYSIOLOGY & ECOLOGY • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Technique of Ridge Film Mulching and Furrow Seeding on Soil Erosion and Crop Yield on Sloping Farmland in Western Liaoning

XIAO Ji-bing1, SUN Zhan-xiang2, JIANG Chun-guang1, ZHENG Jia-ming2, LIU Yang2, YANG Ning2, FENG Liang-shan2, BAI Wei2   

  1. 1Institute of Water and Soil Conservation in Liaoning, Chaoyang 122000, Liaoning
    2Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenyang 110161
  • Received:2016-05-03 Online:2016-10-16 Published:2016-10-16

Abstract: 【Objective】Western Liaoning is not only short and great variation in precipitation resource, but soil erosion in hilly area is mostly serious in Liaoning province. The sloping farmland is the main source of water and soil loss. Ridge film mulching and furrow seeding could collect natural precipitation and reduce soil erosion effectively, improve water and soil resources utilization availability. The purpose of this study is to make full use of the limited natural rainfall, protect water and soil resources of dry farming area and promote high and stable yield of crops.【Method】Two factors split plot design was used to examine the effects of different farming types on soil erosion, soil water and yield in sloping farmland and the study was carried out by runoff plots under natural rainfall from 2012 to 2015 in dry farming experimental area in Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences at Fuxin. The runoff plot was 15 m and 6 m in length and width and the area was 60 m2. The main plot was a sloping land with slopes of 5°and 10°, and split plot was crop planting patterns, the designed patterns were traditional cultivation(CK, contour ridge and furrow planting, ridge and furrow were uncovered), ridge film mulching and furrow straw mulching(T1), ridge film mulching and furrow seeding(furrow was uncovered, T2). The study was repeated three times. Ridges and furrows of ridge film mulching and furrow seeding were in opposite arrangement, furrow width was 60 cm and ridge width was 40 cm, ridge height was 10-12 cm. The ridge was a rain collecting area. The furrow, which was planted with two lines of crop, was a planting area. The experimental crops were millet and maize and rotated.【Result】The ridge film mulching and furrow straw mulching and ridge film mulching and furrow seeding could effectively reduce and prevent water and soil erosion. In four years, the total runoff and total erosion amount of the CK were 512.7 m³·hm-2, 4 561.3 kg·hm-2and T1, T2 did not occur soil erosion under five-degree slope. The total runoff and total erosion amount of T1 were reduced by 81.71% and 96.17% and that of T2 were reduced by 56.92% and 95.15% compared with the CK, and that of T1 were reduced by 57.54% and 21.05% compared with T2, T1 and T2 would reduce the amount of lost nutrients in sediment compared with the CK under ten-degree slope. The results showed that runoff and erosion amount increased in accordance with increasing of gradient and the effect of anti-erosion of T1, T2 would weaken along with slope increasing. There was no significant difference between the five-degree slope and ten-degree on four years' average soil water, which had a reducing trend with slope increasing. The effect of T1, T2 on mean soil water reached very significant level as a whole compared with CK and mean soil water of T1, T2 was 1.68 and 1.45 percentage points higher than that of CK. The effect of T1, T2 on increasing moisture reached very significant level compared with CK to millet regardless of high flow year or dry year and that of T1, T2 on increasing moisture to maize was not significant in normal year and very significant in special dry year. There was no significant difference between five-degree slope and ten-degree slope in four years' average yield, which had a reducing trend with slope increasing. The effect of T1 on the average production reached very significant level increasing by 25.59% and 10.68% compared with CK and T2, and there was a significant difference between T2 and CK and the average production of T2 increased by 13.47% compared with CK. The effect of yield increasing of T2 was insignificant compared with CK and that of T1, which increased by 24.75% and 74.58%, was significant compared with CK for millet in 2012, 2014. The effect of T1, which the yield of maize increased by 11.29% and 54.39%, and T2, which increased by 5.05% and 51.81%, on the production reached very significant level compared with CK in 2013 and 2015. The effects of yield increasing of ridge film mulching and furrow straw mulching (millet, maize) and ridge film mulching and furrow seeding (maize) were particularly significant in dry year. 【Conclusion】 The effect of micro-rainwater-collecting planting mode by ridge film mulching and furrow seeding in dry sloping farmland on rainwater harvesting, water storage, soil moisture conservation and anti-erosion was definite after 4 years of study in semi-arid region in Liaoxi area. The technique could mitigate the negative impact of drought and soil erosion on crop growth and enriched the theoretical basis of the rain-harvesting agriculture of dry farming in the area. By application and dissemination of the technique, it could improve soil and water resources utilization, protect quality of cultivated land and promote overall grain production capability on sloping farmland and facilitate stable and high yield of crop and healthy and sustainable development of dry farming in the area. It could be seen that the ridge film mulching and furrow straw mulching would be suitable for dry sloping land in Western Liaoning from the point of anti-erosion, catchment, increasing soil moisture, increasing production. The study has filled the gaps in the study of this subject in western Liaoning and provided important references for development of the rain-harvesting agriculture of dry farming in the north of China.

Key words: western Liaoning, sloping farmland, ridge film mulching and furrow seeding, soil erosion, yield

[1]    Liu Y, Fu B J, Lu Y H, Wang Z, Gao G. Hydrological responses and soil erosion potential of abandoned cropland in the Loess Plateau, China. Geomorphology, 2012, 138(1): 404-414.
[2]    陈强. 人工模拟降雨条件下重庆市黄壤坡耕地降雨侵蚀研究. 重庆: 西南大学, 2012: 1-2.
Chen Q. Study of rainfall erosion on the condition of artificial simulation of rainfall on sloping farmland of yellow soils in Chongqing. Chongqing: Southwest University, 2012: 1-2. (in Chinese)
[3]    辛艳, 王瑄, 邱野, 李德利, 赵倩. 辽宁省不同耕作方式对坡耕地水土及氮磷养分流失的影响效果. 水土保持学报, 2013, 27(1): 27-30.
Xin Y, Wang X, Qiu Y, Li D L, Zhao Q. Effects of different tillage modes on soil, water and N, P nutrient loss on sloping croplands in Liaoning province. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2013, 27(1): 27-30. (in Chinese)
[4]    Stevens C J, Quinton J N, Bailey A P, Deasy C, Silgram M. The effects of minimal tillage, contour cultivation and in-field vegetative barriers on soil erosion and phosphorus loss. Soil & Tillage Research, 2009, 106(1): 145-151.
[5]    Liu Q J, Zhang H Y, An J, Wu Y Z. Soil erosion processes on row sideslopes within contour ridging systems. Catena, 2014, 115(4): 11-18.
[6]    王育红, 姚宇卿, 吕军杰.残茬和秸秆覆盖对黄土坡耕地水土流失的影响. 干旱地区农业研究, 2002, 20(4): 109-111.
Wang Y H, Yao Y Q, Lu J J. Effect of stubble and straw mulch on soil and water erosion on loess slope land. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2002, 20(4): 109-111. (in Chinese)
[7]    Gómez J A, Guzmán M G, Giráldez J V, Fereres E. The influence of cover crops and tillage on water and sediment yield, and on nutrient, and organic matter losses in an olive orchard on a sandy loam soil. Soil & Tillage Research, 2009, 106(1): 137-144.
[8]    林超文, 罗春燕, 庞良玉, 黄晶晶, 付登伟, 涂仕华, 蒲波. 不同耕作和覆盖方式对紫色丘陵区坡耕地水土及养分流失的影响. 生态学报, 2010, 30(22): 6091-6101.
Lin C W, Luo C Y, Pang L Y, Huang J J, Fu D W, Tu S H, Pu B. Effects of different cultivation and mulching methods on soil erosion and nutrient losses from a purple soil of sloping land. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2010, 30(22): 6091-6101. (in Chinese)
[9]    郭贤仕, 杨如萍, 马一凡, 郭天文, 张绪成. 保护性耕作对坡耕地土壤水分特性和水土流失的影响. 水土保持通报, 2010, 30(4): 1-5.
Guo X S, Yang R P, Ma Y F, Guo T W, Zhang X C. Effects of conservation tillage on soil water characteristics and soil erosion in slope farmland. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2010, 30(4): 1-5. (in Chinese)
[10]   Ogindo H O, Walker S. Comparison of measured changes in seasonal soil water content by rainfed maize-bean intercrop and component cropping systems in a semi-arid region of southern Africa. Physics & Chemistry of the Earth Parts, 2005, 30(11/16): 799-808.
[11]   宋秉海. 旱地地膜玉米“贫水富集”种植模式研究. 中国生态农业学报, 2006, 14(3): 93-95.
Song B H. Study on planting models of rainwater harvesting technique of mulched maize in arid areas. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2006, 14(3): 93-95. (in Chinese)
[12]   吕殿青, 邵明安, 王全九. 垄沟耕作条件下的土壤水分分布试验研究. 土壤学报, 2003, 40(1): 147-150.
LÜ D Q, Shao M A, Wang Q J. Experimental study on soil water distribution under ridge and furrow cultivation. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2003, 40(1): 147-150. (in Chinese)
[13]   Ramakrishna A, Tam H M, Wani S P, Long T D. Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crops Research, 2006, 95(2/3): 115-125.
[14]   Romic D, Romic M, Borosic J, Poljak M. Mulching decreases nitrate leaching in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivation. Agricultural Water Management, 2003, 60(2): 87-97.
[15]   Tiwari K N, Singh A, Mal P K. Effect of drip irrigation on yield of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata)under mulch and non-mulch conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 2003, 58(1): 19-28.
[16]   Carter D C, Miller S. Three years experience with an on-farm macro-catchment water harvesting system in Botswana. Agricultural Water Management, 1991, 19(3): 191-203.
[17]   Li F R, Zhao S L, Geballe G T. Water use patterns and agronomic performance for some cropping systems with and without fallow crops in a semi-arid environment of northwest China. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 2000, 79(2/3): 129-142.
[18]   Li X Y, Shi P J, Sun Y L, Tang J, Yang Z P. Influence of various in situ rainwater harvesting methods on soil moisture and growth of Tamarix ramosissima in the semiarid loess region of China. Forest Ecology & Management, 2006, 233(1): 143-148.
[19]   Li F M, Song Q H, Jjemba P K, Shi Y C. Dynamics of soil microbial biomass C and soil fertility in cropland mulched with plastic film in a semiarid agro-ecosystem. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2004, 36(11): 1893-1902.
[20]   李小雁, 张瑞铃. 旱作农田沟垄微型集雨结合覆盖玉米种植试验研究. 水土保持学报, 2005, 19(2): 45-47.
Li X Y, Zhang R L. On-field ridge and furrow rainwater harvesting and mulching combination for corn production in dry areas of northwest China. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2005, 19(2): 45-47. (in Chinese)
[21]   樊向阳, 齐学斌, 郎旭东, 王景雷, 高胜国, 赵辉. 晋中地区春玉米田集雨覆盖试验研究. 灌溉排水, 2001, 20(2): 29-32.
Fan X Y, Qi X B, Lang X D, Wang J L, Gao S G, Zhao H. Effects of water-collecting mulch on moisture situation in root zone in spring maize. Irrigation and Drainage, 2001, 20(2): 29-32. (in Chinese)
[22]   王学强, 蔡强国, 和继军. 红壤丘陵区水保措施在不同坡度坡耕地上优化配置的探讨. 资源科学, 2007, 29(6): 68-74.
Wang X Q, Cai Q G, He J J. Water and soil conservation measures for different slope land in red-earth hilly region. Resources Science, 2007, 29(6): 68-74. (in Chinese)
[23]   林超文, 陈一兵, 黄晶晶, 涂仕华, 庞良玉. 不同耕作方式和雨强对紫色土养分流失的影响. 中国农业科学, 2007, 40(10): 2241-2249.
Lin C W, Cheng Y B, Huang J J, Tu S H, Pang L Y. Effect of different cultivation methods and rain intensity on soil nutrient loss from a purple soil. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2007, 40(10): 2241-2249. (in Chinese)
[24]   唐涛, 郝明德, 单凤霞. 人工降雨条件下秸秆覆盖减少水土流失的效应研究. 水土保持研究, 2008, 15(1): 9-12.
Tang T, Hao M D, Shan F X. Effects of straw mulch application on water loss and soil erosion under simulated rainfall. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2008, 15(1): 9-12. (in Chinese)
[25]   温磊磊, 郑粉莉, 沈海鸥, 高燕. 沟头秸秆覆盖对东北黑土区坡耕地沟蚀发育影响的试验研究. 泥沙研究, 2014(6): 73-80.
Wen L L, Zheng F L, Shen H O, Gao Y. Effects of corn straw mulch buffer in the gully head on gully erosion of sloping cropland in the black soil region of Northeast China. Journal of Sediment Research, 2014(6): 73-80. (in Chinese)
[26]   和寿甲, 潘艳华, 刘恩科, 严昌荣, 郭玉蓉, 何文清, 刘勤, 刘爽. 不同农艺措施对洱海坡耕地水土流失的影响. 西南农业学报, 2010, 23(6): 1939-1943.
He S J, Pan Y H, Liu E K, Yan C R, Guo Y R, He W Q, Liu Q, Liu S. Effect of different agronomic measures on soil erosion in sloping farmland of erhai area. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2010, 23(6): 1939-1943. (in Chinese)
[27]   刘晓君, 李占斌, 宋晓强, 同新奇, 张铁钢, 龙菲菲. 土石山区不同农作方式下坡面径流氮素流失过程. 水土保持学报, 2015, 29(1): 80-85.
Liu X J, Li Z B, Song X Q, Tong X Q, Zhang T G, Long F F. Characteristics of nitrogen loss under different farming practices of slope in mountain areas. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015, 29(1): 80-85. (in Chinese)
[28]   张雷, 金胜利, 张光全, 郭正昆. 双垄全膜覆盖沟播栽培对甘肃中部坡耕地水土流失和作物产量的影响. 干旱地区农业研究, 2012, 30(1): 113-118.
Zhang L, Jin S L, Zhang G Q, Guo Z K. Effect of double ridges mulched with plastic film on soil erosion and crop yield of sloping field in the central part of Gansu. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2012, 30(1): 113-118. (in Chinese)
[29]   罗付香, 林超文, 涂仕华, 庞良玉, 张建华, 罗春燕, 黄晶晶, 朱永群. 氮肥形态和地膜覆盖对坡耕地玉米产量和土壤氮素流失的影响. 水土保持学报, 2012, 26(6): 11-16.
Luo F X, Lin C W, Tu S H, Pang L Y, Zhang J H, Luo C Y, Huang J J, Zhu Y Q. Effects of different nitrogenous fertilizer modality and film mulching on corn yield and soil nitrogen loss of slope land. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2012, 26(6): 11-16. (in Chinese)
[30]   周丽娜, 雷金银. 覆膜方式对坡耕地春玉米产量、土壤水分和养分的影响. 中国农学通报, 2014, 30(33): 20-25.
Zhou L N, Lei J Y. Effect of plastic film mulching methods on spring maize yield, soil water and nutrients in slope farmland. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2014, 30(33): 20-25. (in Chinese)
[31]   付斌. 不同农作处理对坡耕地水土流失和养分流失的影响研究—以云南红壤为例[D]. 重庆: 西南大学, 2009: 17-19.
Fu B. Research on soil erosion and nutrient loss under different farming measures from slope field―taking Yunnan red soil for example[D]. Chongqing: Southwest University, 2009: 17-19. (in Chinese)
[32]   郑智旗, 王树东, 何进, 王庆杰, 李洪文, 路战远. 基于自动监测径流场的秸秆覆盖坡耕地产流产沙过程. 农业机械学报, 2014, 45(12): 160-164, 138.
Zheng Z Q, Wang S D, He J, Wang Q J, Li H W, Lu Z Y. Process of runoff and sediment yield in straw-covered sloping fields based on automatic runoff monitoring field. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2014, 45(12): 160-164, 138. (in Chinese)
[33]   傅涛, 倪九派, 魏朝富, 谢德体. 不同雨强和坡度条件下紫色土养分流失规律研究. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2003, 9(1): 71-74.
Fu T, Ni J P, Wei C F, Xie D T. Research on the nutrient loss from purple soil under different rainfall intensities and slopes. Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, 2003, 9(1): 71-74. (in Chinese)
[34]   Schreiber J D, Rebich R A, Cooper C M. Dynamics of diffuse pollution from US southern watersheds. Water Research, 2001, 35(10): 2534-2542.
[35]   袁东海, 王兆骞, 陈欣, 郭新波, 张如良. 不同农作方式红壤坡耕地土壤氮素流失特征. 应用生态学报, 2002, 13(7): 863-866.
Yuan D H, Wang Z Q, Chen X, Guo X B, Zhang R L. Characteristics of nitrogen loss from sloping field in red soil area under different cultivation practices. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2002, 13(7): 863-866. (in Chinese)
[36]   卢嘉. 东北黑土区坡耕地土壤团聚体迁移和养分流失的影响因素研究[D]. 陕西: 西北农林科技大学, 2012.
Lu J. A study an affecting factors of sail aggregate movement and nutrient loss an slopping farmlands in the black soil region of northeast China[D]. Shaanxi:Northwest A&F University, 2012. (in Chinese)
[37]   Babalola O, Oshunsanya S O, Are K. Effects of vetiver grass (Vetiveria nigritana) strips, vetiver grass mulch and an organomineral fertilizer on soil, water and nutrient losses and maize (Zea mays, L.) yields. Soil & Tillage Research, 2007, 96(1/2): 6-18.
[38]   陈奇伯, 王克勤, 齐实, 孙立达. 黄土丘陵区坡耕地水土流失与土地生产力的关系. 生态学报, 2003, 23(8): 1463-1469.
Chen Q B, Wang K Q, Qi S, Sun L D. Soil and water erosion in its relation to slope field productivity in hilly gully areas of the Loess Plateau. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2003, 23(8): 1463-1469. (in Chinese)
[39]   山仑, 邓西平. 黄土高原半干旱地区的农业发展与高效用水. 中国农业科技导报, 2000, 2(4): 33-38.
Shan L, Deng X P. Agricultural development and high efficiency water using in semi-arid region of Loess Plateau. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2000, 2(4): 33-38. (in Chinese)
[40]   莫非, 周宏, 王建永, 赵鸿, 张恒嘉, 吴姗, 陈应龙, 杨通, 邓浩亮, Asfa Batool, 王润元, Simon Nzou Nguluu, 李凤民, 熊友才. 田间微集雨技术研究及应用. 农业工程学报, 2013, 29(8): 1-17.
Mo F, Zhou H, Wang J Y, Zhao H, Zhang H J, Wu S, Chen Y L, Yang T, Deng H L, Batool A, Wang R Y, Nguluu S N, Li F M, Xiong Y C. Development and application of micro-field rain-harvesting technologies. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2013, 29(8): 1-17. (in Chinese)
[41]   张雷, 牛建彪, 赵凡. 旱作玉米提高降水利用率的覆膜模式研究. 干旱地区农业研究, 2006, 24(2): 8-11.
Zhang L, Niu J B, Zhao F. Film mulch modes for increasing rainfall use efficiency of dry-land corn. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2006, 24(2): 8-11. (in Chinese)
[42]   王兴祥, 张桃林. 红壤旱坡地农田生态系统养分循环和平衡. 生态学报, 1999, 19(3): 335-341.
Wang X X, Zhang T L. Nutrient cycling and balance of sloping upland ecosystems on red soil. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 1999, 19(3): 335-341. (in Chinese)
[43]   李荣, 侯贤清, 贾志宽, 韩清芳, 王敏, 杨宝平, 丁瑞霞, 王俊鹏. 沟垄全覆盖种植方式对旱地玉米生长及水分利用效率的影响. 生态学报, 2013, 33(7): 2282-2291.
Li R, Hou X Q, Jia Z K, Han Q F, Wang M, Yang B P, Ding R X, Wang J P. Effects of planting with ridge and furrow mulching on maize growth, yield and water use efficiency in dryland farming. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(7): 2282-2291. (in Chinese)
[44]   蔡太义, 贾志宽, 黄耀威, 黄会娟, 杨宝平, 张睿, 韩清芳, 聂俊峰. 中国旱作农区不同量秸秆覆盖综合效应研究进展Ⅰ. 不同量秸秆覆盖的农田生态环境效应. 干旱地区农业研究, 2011, 29(5): 63-68.
Cai T Y, Jia Z K, Huang Y W, Huang H J, Yang B P, Zhang R, Han Q F, Nie J F. Research progress of comprehensive effect under different rates straw mulch on the rainfed farming areas, China Ι. Effect of different rates of straw mulch on farmland eco-environment. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2011, 29(5): 63-68. (in Chinese)
[45]   王兆伟, 郝卫平, 龚道枝, 梅旭荣, 王春堂. 秸秆覆盖量对农田土壤水分和温度动态的影响. 中国农业气象, 2010, 31(2): 244-250.
Wang Z W, Hao W P, Gong D Z, Mei X R, Wang C T. Effect of straw mulch amount on dynamic changes of soil moisture and temperature in farmland. Chinese Journal of Agrometeorology, 2010, 31(2): 244-250. (in Chinese)
[46]   韩思明. 黄土高原旱作农田降水资源高效利用的技术途径. 干旱地区农业研究, 2002, 20(1): 1-9.
Han S M. Technical channels of high-efficient utilization of precipitation resource on dry-farming lands in Loess Plateau. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2002, 20(1): 1-9. (in Chinese)
[47]   卢宪菊. 垄作集水和秸秆覆盖对东北玉米带黑土区玉米生长和水氮利用的影响[D]. 北京: 中国农业大学, 2014: 40-50.
Lu X J. Influences of rainfall harvesting and straw mulching on corn growth, water and nitrogen use on black soils of northeast corn belt[D]. Beijing: China Agricultural University, 2014: 40-50. (in Chinese)
[1] ZHANG XiaoLi, TAO Wei, GAO GuoQing, CHEN Lei, GUO Hui, ZHANG Hua, TANG MaoYan, LIANG TianFeng. Effects of Direct Seeding Cultivation Method on Growth Stage, Lodging Resistance and Yield Benefit of Double-Cropping Early Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 249-263.
[2] YAN YanGe, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, ZHAO BingQiang, YUAN Liang. Effects of Dextran Modified Urea on Winter Wheat Yield and Fate of Nitrogen Fertilizer [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 287-299.
[3] XU JiuKai, YUAN Liang, WEN YanChen, ZHANG ShuiQin, LI YanTing, LI HaiYan, ZHAO BingQiang. Nitrogen Fertilizer Replacement Value of Livestock Manure in the Winter Wheat Growing Season [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(2): 300-313.
[4] LOU YiBao,KANG HongLiang,WANG WenLong,SHA XiaoYan,FENG LanQian,NIE HuiYing,SHI QianHua. Vertical Distribution of Vegetation Roots and Its Influence on Soil Erosion Resistance of Gully Heads on the Gullied Loess Plateau [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 90-103.
[5] WANG CaiXiang,YUAN WenMin,LIU JuanJuan,XIE XiaoYu,MA Qi,JU JiSheng,CHEN Da,WANG Ning,FENG KeYun,SU JunJi. Comprehensive Evaluation and Breeding Evolution of Early Maturing Upland Cotton Varieties in the Northwest Inland of China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 1-16.
[6] ZHAO ZhengXin,WANG XiaoYun,TIAN YaJie,WANG Rui,PENG Qing,CAI HuanJie. Effects of Straw Returning and Nitrogen Fertilizer Types on Summer Maize Yield and Soil Ammonia Volatilization Under Future Climate Change [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 104-117.
[7] ZHANG Wei,YAN LingLing,FU ZhiQiang,XU Ying,GUO HuiJuan,ZHOU MengYao,LONG Pan. Effects of Sowing Date on Yield of Double Cropping Rice and Utilization Efficiency of Light and Heat Energy in Hunan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2023, 56(1): 31-45.
[8] XIONG WeiYi,XU KaiWei,LIU MingPeng,XIAO Hua,PEI LiZhen,PENG DanDan,CHEN YuanXue. Effects of Different Nitrogen Application Levels on Photosynthetic Characteristics, Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield of Spring Maize in Sichuan Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1735-1748.
[9] LI YiLing,PENG XiHong,CHEN Ping,DU Qing,REN JunBo,YANG XueLi,LEI Lu,YONG TaiWen,YANG WenYu. Effects of Reducing Nitrogen Application on Leaf Stay-Green, Photosynthetic Characteristics and System Yield in Maize-Soybean Relay Strip Intercropping [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1749-1762.
[10] GUO ShiBo,ZHANG FangLiang,ZHANG ZhenTao,ZHOU LiTao,ZHAO Jin,YANG XiaoGuang. The Possible Effects of Global Warming on Cropping Systems in China XIV. Distribution of High-Stable-Yield Zones and Agro-Meteorological Disasters of Soybean in Northeast China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1763-1780.
[11] WANG HaoLin,MA Yue,LI YongHua,LI Chao,ZHAO MingQin,YUAN AiJing,QIU WeiHong,HE Gang,SHI Mei,WANG ZhaoHui. Optimal Management of Phosphorus Fertilization Based on the Yield and Grain Manganese Concentration of Wheat [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(9): 1800-1810.
[12] GUI RunFei,WANG ZaiMan,PAN ShengGang,ZHANG MingHua,TANG XiangRu,MO ZhaoWen. Effects of Nitrogen-Reducing Side Deep Application of Liquid Fertilizer at Tillering Stage on Yield and Nitrogen Utilization of Fragrant Rice [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1529-1545.
[13] LIAO Ping,MENG Yi,WENG WenAn,HUANG Shan,ZENG YongJun,ZHANG HongCheng. Effects of Hybrid Rice on Grain Yield and Nitrogen Use Efficiency: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1546-1556.
[14] LI Qian,QIN YuBo,YIN CaiXia,KONG LiLi,WANG Meng,HOU YunPeng,SUN Bo,ZHAO YinKai,XU Chen,LIU ZhiQuan. Effect of Drip Fertigation Mode on Maize Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Economic Benefit [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(8): 1604-1616.
[15] QIN YuQing,CHENG HongBo,CHAI YuWei,MA JianTao,LI Rui,LI YaWei,CHANG Lei,CHAI ShouXi. Increasing Effects of Wheat Yield Under Mulching Cultivation in Northern of China: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(6): 1095-1109.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!