Please wait a minute...
Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (3): 755-763    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63476-1
Section 3: Biological and ecological characteristics Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Fitness of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda to three solanaceous vegetables
WU Li-hong1, ZHOU Cao1, LONG Gui-yun1, YANG Xi-bin1, WEI Zhi-yan1, LIAO Ying-jiang1, YANG Hong1, 2, 3, HU Chao-xing1, 3 
1 Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Agricultural Pest Management of the Mountainous Region, Institute of Entomology, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, P.R.China
2 College of Tobacco Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, P.R.China
3 Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Crop Pests in Guiyang of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Guiyang 550025. P.R.China
Download:  PDF in ScienceDirect  
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

草地贪夜蛾是一种重大农业害虫,于2018年12月中旬入侵中国。作为一种杂食性害虫,草地贪夜蛾对我国农业生产和粮食安全造成严重威胁。辣椒、番茄和茄子是我国3种重要的茄科蔬菜。本研究评估了草地贪夜蛾在辣椒、番茄和茄子上的适应性。结果表明,以番茄和辣椒为食时,草地贪夜蛾能完成生活史,以茄子为食则不能完成生活史。采用年龄-阶段两性生命表比较了草地贪夜蛾取食玉米和3种茄科蔬菜的种群参数差异。结果表明:(1)发育历期在幼虫期差异显著,蛹期差异不显著;(2)取食辣椒的草地贪夜蛾成虫前期最长(41.73 d)、蛹重最轻(0.1134 g);(3)雌虫平均单雌产卵量差异显著,其中以取食番茄的单雌产卵量最高(943.95粒);(4)取食玉米时,草地贪夜蛾的平均世代周期最短、内禀增长率和周限增长率最高,而净增殖率则以取食番茄的为最高。总体而言,草地贪夜蛾对3种茄科蔬菜的适应性为:番茄>辣椒>茄子。本研究为进一步评估草地贪夜蛾对茄科蔬菜的危害以及为建立相应的防治措施打下了一定基础。

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is an important agricultural pest that invaded China in the middle of December 2018.  As a polyphagous pest, FAW is identified as a serious threat to agricultural production and food security in China.  Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) and eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) are three of dominant solanaceous vegetables of this country.  To our knowledge, the effects of these plants on the performances of FAW have not been well studied.  In this study we assessed the fitness of this pest to these three plants.  Results showed that FAW can complete its life cycle when fed with tomato and pepper, but not on eggplant.  The population parameters of FAW fed with maize (Zea mays L.) and the three solanaceous vegetables were compared using the age-stage, two-sex life table method.  Developmental duration was significantly different in the larval stage, but not in the pupae stage.  FAW fed with pepper had the longest pre-adult period (41.73 d) and the lightest pupal weight (0.1134 g); the survival rate was lower than FAW fed with tomato.  Significant differences were observed in the mean fecundity of female, with the highest (943.95 eggs) laid by FAW fed with tomato.  FAW had the shortest mean generation time (T), the highest intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate of increase (λ) on maize, and the highest net reproductive rate (R0) on tomato.  Overall, FAW fitness on the three solanaceous vegetables was: tomato>pepper>eggplant.  This study provides the foundation for further assessment of FAW risk to solanaceous vegetables and for establishing
Keywords:  Spodoptera frugiperda        life table        adaptability        tomato        pepper        eggplant  
Received: 09 June 2020   Accepted:
Fund: The authors would like to thank Yuan Min, a graduate student majoring in plant protection at Guizhou University, for providing guidance on making figures. This work was supported by the Science and Technology Program of Guizhou Province, China ([2019]2412), and the Basic Research Program (Science and Technology) of Guizhou Province, China ([2020]1Z021).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence YANG Hong, E-mail:; HU Chao-xing, E-mail:   
About author:  WU Li-hong, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

WU Li-hong, ZHOU Cao, LONG Gui-yun, YANG Xi-bin, WEI Zhi-yan, LIAO Ying-jiang, YANG Hong, HU Chao-xing . 2021. Fitness of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda to three solanaceous vegetables. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(3): 755-763.

Akca I, Ayvaz T, Yazici E, Smith C L, Chi H. 2015. Demography and population projection of Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae): With additional comments on life table research criteria. Journal of Economic Entomology, 108, 1466–1478.
Ba T X, Zhang Y H, Zhang Z, Guan D D, Li C C, Ji Z Y, Yin X T, Zhang A H, Tang Q B, Liu Y H, Li X R, Zhu X. 2020. The host preference and population life tables of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) fed on maize and wheat. Plant Protection, 46, 17–23. (in Chinese)
Carrière Y. 1992. Host plant exploitation within a population of a generalist herbivore, Choristoneura rosaceana. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 65, 1–10.
Chi H. 1988. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environmental Entomology, 17, 26–34.
Chi H. 2016. TWOSEX-MSChart: A computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. [2016-12-31].
Chi H, Liu H. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bulletin of the Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, 24, 225–240.
Chi H, Su H Y. 2006. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its host Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate. Environmental Entomology, 35, 10–21.
Chi H, You M S, Atl?han R, Smith C L, Kavousi A, Özgökçe M S, Güncan A, Tuan S J, Fu J W, Xu Y Y, Zheng F Q, Ye B H, Chu D, Yu Y, Gharekhani G, Saska P, Gotoh T, Schneider M I, Bussaman P, Gökçe A, Liu T X. 2020. Age-stage, two-sex life table: An introduction to theory, data analysis, and application. Entomologia Generalis, 40, 103–124.
Cock M J W, Beseh P K, Buddie A G, Cafá G, Crozier J. 2017. Molecular methods to detect Spodoptera frugiperda in Ghana, and implications for monitoring the spread of invasive species in developing countries. Scientific Reports, 7, 4103.
Dumas P, Legeai F, Lemaitre C, Scaon E, Orsucci M, Labadie K, Gimenez S, Clamens A L, Henri H, Vavre F, Aury J M, Fournier P, Kergoat G J, d’Alencon E. 2015. Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) host-plant variants: Two host strains or two distinct species? Genetica, 143, 305–316.
Eduardo M S, Julián P, Pablo M C, Diego T T, Valeria P C, Ignacio M S. 2018. Pupal emergence pattern in cactophilic Drosophila and the effect of host plants. Insect Science, 25, 1108–1118.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2018. Online statistical database: Crop. FAOSTAT. [2020-12-16].
Goergen G, Kumar P L, Sankung S B, Togola A, Tamò M. 2016. First report of outbreaks of the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), a new alien invasive pest in West and Central Africa. PLoS ONE, 11, e0165632.
Jia Y X, Pang H C, Jiang L, Wang X P. 2018. Relationships between the tannin and total phenolic contents in leaves of different pepper varieties and the resistance to Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Journal of Plant Protection, 45, 1183–1184. (in Chinese)
Jiang Y Y, Liu J, Xie M C, Li Y H, Yang J J, Zhang M L, Qiu K. 2019. Observation on law of diffusion damage of Spodoptera frugiperda in China in 2019. Plant Protection, 6, 10–19. (in Chinese)
Kebede M, Shimalis T. 2019. Out-break, distribution and management of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith in Africa: The status and prospects. Academy of Agriculture Journal, 3, 551–568.
Li X W, Li D, Guo W C, Lv Y B. 2019. Host-plant suitability of South America tomato pinworm Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on four solanaceous plants. Plant Quarantine, 33, 1–5. (in Chinese)
Liu S S. 1986. Several problems in making and analyzing insect life table. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology, 35, 43–45. (in Chinese)
Ma Q L, Wu J Y Z , Song Z X, Wang R F, Wang Y Q, Lv Y Y, Liu B J, Cheng D M, Xu H H, Zhang Z X. 2019. Comparative analysis of the harm trend of Spodoptera frugiperda in China with that in the United States. Journal of Environmental Entomology, 41, 929–936. (in Chinese)
Martinelli S, Barata R M, Zucchi M I, Silva-Filho, Marcio D C, Celso O. 2006. Molecular variability of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations associated to maize and cotton crops in Brazil. Journal of Economic Entomology, 99, 519–526.
Montezano D G, Specht A, Sosa-Gómez D R, Roque-Specht V F, Sousa-Silva J C, Paula-Moraes S V D, Peterson J A, Hunt T E. 2018. Host plants of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Americas. African Entomology, 26, 286–301.
Moreau J, Benrey B, Thiery D. 2006. Grape variety affects larval performance and also female reproductive performance of the European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 96, 205–212.
Pashley D P. 1988. Quantitative genetics, development, and physiological adaptation in host strains of fall armyworm. Evolution, 42, 93–102.
Pashley D P, Johnson S J, Sparks A N. 1985. Genetic population structure of migratory moths: The fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 78, 756–762.
Rostami E, Madadi H, Abbasipour H, Allahyari, H, Cuthbertson A G. 2017. Life table parameters of the tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on different tomato cultivars. Journal of Applied Entomology, 141, 88–96.
Sparks A N. 1979. A review of the biology of the fall armyworm. The Florida Entomologist, 62, 82–86.
Sharanabasappa D, Kalleshwaraswamy C M, Asokan R, Swamy H M M, Maruthi M S, Pavithra H B, Hegde K, Navi S, Prabhu S T, Goergen G. 2018. First report of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an alien invasive pest on maize in India. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 24, 23–29.
Sun X X, Hu C X, Jia H R, Wu Q L, Shen X J, Zhao S Y, Jiang Y Y, Wu K M. 2021. Case study on the first immigration of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda invading into China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20, 664–672.
Tai H K, Guo J F, Yang S C, Zhang F, Liu J, Yang Y Q, Song M, Xia Y G, He K, Lin Q X, Wang Z Y. 2019. Biological characteristics and damage symptoms of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, on sugarcane in Dehong preference of Yunnan Province. Plant Protection, 45, 75–79. (in Chinese)
Todd E L, Poole R W. 1980. Keys and illustrations for the armyworm moths of the noctuid genus Spodoptera Guenée from the Western Hemisphere. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 73, 722–738.
Tuan S J, Yeh C C, Atlihan R, Chi H, Tang L C. 2016. Demography and consumption of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) reared on cabbage and taro. Journal of Economic Entomology, 109, 732–739.
Wang L H, Ma Y Q, Zhang B X. 2019. Market demand and breeding trend of pepper varieties in China. China Vegetables, 8, 1–4. (in Chinese)
Wu F A, Zhou J X, Yu M D, Wang Q L, Xu L, Lu C, Jing C J. 2006. Statistical inference on the intrinsic rate of increase of the carmine spider mite, Tetranychus cinnabarinus on different mulberry cultivars (Morus L.) under laboratory conditions. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 49, 287–294. (in Chinese)
Xu P J, Zhang D D, Wang J, Wu K M, Wang X W, Wang X F, Ren G W. 2019. The host preference of Spodoptera frugiperda on maize and tobacco. Plant Protection, 45, 61–64. (in Chinese)
Yuan J Y, Yuan R H, Li Z X, Wang X L. 2016. Research progress of tomato germplasm resources in China. Journal of Seed Industry Guide, 4, 9–14. (in Chinese)
Zhang L, Jin M H, Zhang D D, Jiang Y Y, Liu J, Wu K M, Xiao Y T. 2019. Molecular identification of invasive fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda in Yunnan Province. Plant Protection, 45, 19–24. (in Chinese)
[1] DU Dan, HU Xin, SONG Xiao-mei, XIA Xiao-jiao, SUN Zhen-yu, LANG Min, PAN Yang-lu, ZHENG Yu, PAN Yu. SlTPP4 participates in ABA-mediated salt tolerance by enhancing root architecture in tomato[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2384-2396.
[2] LÜ Chun-yang, GE Shi-shuai, HE Wei, ZHANG Hao-wen, YANG Xian-ming, CHU Bo, WU Kong-ming. Accurate recognition of the reproductive development status and prediction of oviposition fecundity in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) based on computer vision[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(7): 2173-2187.
[3] TU Ke-ling, YIN Yu-lin, YANG Li-ming, WANG Jian-hua, SUN Qun. Discrimination of individual seed viability by using the oxygen consumption technique and headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(3): 727-737.
[4] Carlos Kwesi TETTEY, YAN Zhi-yong, MA Hua-yu, ZHAO Mei-sheng, GENG Chao, TIAN Yan-ping, LI Xiang-dong . Tomato mottle mosaic virus: characterization, resistance gene effectiveness, and quintuplex RT-PCR detection system[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2022, 21(9): 2641-2651.
[5] SHU Ben-shui, YU Hai-kuo, DAI Jing-hua, XIE Zi-ge, QIAN Wan-qiang, LIN Jin-tian. Stability evaluation of reference genes for real-time quantitative PCR normalization in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(9): 2471-2482.
[6] Hakan FIDAN, Pelin SARIKAYA, Kubra YILDIZ, Bengi TOPKAYA, Gozde ERKIS, Ozer CALIS. Robust molecular detection of the new Tomato brown rugose fruit virus in infected tomato and pepper plants from Turkey[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(8): 2170-2179.
[7] YAN Zhi-yong, ZHAO Mei-sheng, MA Hua-yu, LIU Ling-zhi, YANG Guang-ling, GENG Chao, TIAN Yan-ping, LI Xiang-dong. Biological and molecular characterization of tomato brown rugose fruit virus and development of quadruplex RT-PCR detection[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(7): 1871-1879.
[8] ZHOU Yan, WU Qiu-lin, ZHANG Hao-wen, WU Kong-ming. Spread of invasive migratory pest Spodoptera frugiperda and management practices throughout China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 637-645.
[9] Jing WAN, HUANG Cong, LI Chang-you, ZHOU Hong-xu, REN Yong-lin, LI Zai-yuan, XING Long-sheng, ZHANG Bin, QIAO Xi, LIU Bo, LIU Cong-hui, XI Yu, LIU Wan-xue, WANG Wen-kai, QIAN Wan-qiang, Simon MCKIRDY, WAN Fang-hao . Biology, invasion and management of the agricultural invader: Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 646-663.
[10] ZHOU Xian-yong, WU Qiu-lin, JIA Hui-ru, WU Kong-ming. Searchlight trapping reveals seasonal cross-ocean migration of fall armyworm over the South China Sea[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 673-684.
[11] JIA Hui-ru, GUO Jiang-long, WU Qiu-lin, HU Chao-xing, LI Xiao-kang, ZHOU Xian-yong, WU Kong-ming . Migration of invasive Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) across the Bohai Sea in northern China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 685-693.
[12] WU Qiu-lin, SHEN Xiu-jing, HE Li-mei, JIANG Yu-ying, LIU Jie, HU Gao, WU Kong-ming. Windborne migration routes of newly-emerged fall armyworm from Qinling Mountains–Huaihe River region, China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 694-706.
[13] ZHANG Dan-dan, ZHAO Sheng-yuan, WU Qiu-lin, LI Yu-yan, WU Kong-ming. Cold hardiness of the invasive fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda in China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 764-771.
[14] ZHANG Dan-dan, XIAO Yu-tao, XU Peng-jun, YANG Xian-ming, WU Qiu-lin, WU Kong-ming. Insecticide resistance monitoring for the invasive populations of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda in China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 783-791.
[15] JIN Ming-hui, TAO Jia-hui, LI Qi, CHENG Ying, SUN Xiao-xu, WU Kong-ming, XIAO Yu-tao . Genome editing of the SfABCC2 gene confers resistance to Cry1F toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis in Spodoptera frugiperda[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2021, 20(3): 815-820.
No Suggested Reading articles found!