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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2017, Vol. 16 Issue (04): 762-773    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(16)61450-8
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Recognizing production options for pearl millet in Pakistan under changing climate scenarios
Asmat Ullah1, 2, Ashfaq Ahmad1, Tasneem Khaliq1, Javaid Akhtar3

1 Agro-climatology Laboratory, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan

2 Directorate of Agronomy, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI), Faisalabad 38850, Pakistan

3 Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan

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Abstract  Climate change is making the lands a harsher environment all over the world including Pakistan.  It is expected to oppose us with three main challenges: increase in temperature up to 2–5°C (heat stress), increasing water stress and severe malnourishment due to climate change.  It has been foreseen that there will be a 10% increase of dryland areas with climate change in the world, with more variability and incidences of short periods of extreme events (drought and heat stress).  Pearl millet is a hardy, climate smart grain crop, idyllic for environments prone to drought and heat stresses.  The crop continues to produce highly nutritious grain sustainably, thereby encouraging the fight against poverty and food insecurity due to its resilience.  The crop is more responsive to good production options (planting time, planting density, inter/intra row spacing, nitrogen application and irrigation).  It has high crop growth rate, large leaf area index and high radiation use efficiency that confers its high potential yield.  In most of the cases, pearl millet is remained our agricultural answer to the climate calamity that we are facing, because it is selected as water saving, drought tolerant and climate change complaint crop.  In view of circumstances, pearl millet cultivation must be retrieved by recognizing production options in context to changing climate scenarios of Pakistan using crop modeling techniques.
Keywords:  pearl millet      production options      climate change      nitrogen use efficiency      radiation use efficiency  
Received: 29 April 2016   Accepted: 07 April 2017
Corresponding Authors:  Asmat Ullah, Tel: +92-300-6762658, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

Asmat Ullah, Ashfaq Ahmad, Tasneem Khaliq, Javaid Akhtar. 2017. Recognizing production options for pearl millet in Pakistan under changing climate scenarios. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16(04): 762-773.

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