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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (05): 1085-1094    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61162-5
Animal Science · Veterinary Science Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Differentiation of expression profiles of two calcineurin subunit genes in chicken skeletal muscles during early postnatal growth depending on anatomical location of muscles and breed
SHAN Yan-ju*, XU Wen-juan*, SHU Jing-ting, ZHANG Ming, SONG Wei-tao, TAO Zhi-yun, ZHU Chunhong, LI Hui-fang  
Key Laboratory for Poultry Genetics and Breeding of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Poultry Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Yangzhou 225125, P.R.China
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Abstract    Calcineurin (Cn or CaN) is implicated in the control of skeletal muscle fiber phenotype and hypertrophy. However, little information is available concerning the expression of Cn in chickens. In the present study, the expression of two Cn subunit genes (CnAα and CnB1) was quantified by qPCR in the lateral gastrocnemius (LG, mainly composing of red fast-twitch myofibers), the soleus (mainly composing of red slow-twitch myofibers) and the extensor digitorum longus (EDL, mainly composing of white fast-twitch myofibers) from Qingyuan partridge chickens (QY, slow-growing chicken breed) and Recessive White chickens (RW, fast-growing chicken breed) on different days (1, 8, 22, 36, 50 and 64 days post-hatching). Although CnAα and CnB1 gene expressions were variable with different trends in different skeletal muscles in the two chicken breeds during postnatal growth, it is highly muscle phenotype and breed specific. In general, the levels of CnAα and CnB1 gene expressions of the soleus were lower than those of EDL and LG in both chicken breeds at the same stages. Compared between the two chicken breeds, the levels of CnAα gene expression of the three skeletal muscles in QY chickens were higher than those in RW chickens on days 1 and 22. However, on day 64, the levels of both CnAα and CnB1 gene expressions of the three skeletal muscles were lower in QY chickens than those in RW chickens. Correlation analysis of the levels of CnAα and CnB1 gene expressions of the same skeletal muscle showed that there were positive correlations for all three skeletal muscle tissues in two chicken breeds. These results provide some valuable clues to understand the role of Cn in the development of chicken skeletal muscles, with a function that may be related to meat quality.
Keywords:  calcineurin        chicken        skeletal muscle        expression  
Received: 05 May 2015   Accepted: 03 May 2016

The National Natural Science Foundation of China (31301967), the Key Technology Support Program of Jiangsu Province, China (BK2012268) and the Earmarked Fund for Modern Agro-Industry Technology Research System, China (CARS-42-G03) supported this research.

Corresponding Authors:  LI Hui-fang, Tel/Fax: +86-514-85599266, E-mail:    
About author:  SHAN Yan-ju, E-mail: * These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

SHAN Yan-ju, XU Wen-juan, SHU Jing-ting, ZHANG Ming, SONG Wei-tao, TAO Zhi-yun, ZHU Chunhong, LI Hui-fang. 2016. Differentiation of expression profiles of two calcineurin subunit genes in chicken skeletal muscles during early postnatal growth depending on anatomical location of muscles and breed. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(05): 1085-1094.

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