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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (10): 2205-2218    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62139-2
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Strategies to enhance cottonseed oil contents and reshape fatty acid profile employing different breeding and genetic engineering approaches
Iram Sharif1, Jehanzeb Farooq1, Shahid Munir Chohan1, Sadaf Saleem1, Riaz Ahmad Kainth1, Abid Mahmood2, Ghulam Sarwar1
1 Cotton Research Station, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan  
2 Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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Cottonseed oil is the valuable byproduct extracted after seed cotton processing for lint.  It confers a huge contribution to total vegetable oil production and ranked the 2nd to meet global edible oil requirements.  Over centuries, breeders mainly focused to improve lint production and fiber quality.  Now attention has been given to improve the cottonseed oil percentage, its functional and nutritional properties.  However, these efforts are less than other major oilseed crops which left cottonseed oil market behind in term of consumer demand and kept cottonseed oil industry at vulnerable position.  Considerable progress has been made to alter the relative percentage of fatty acid composition still intensified efforts have been required to meet the global oilseed demand.  The objective of this review is to explore the cotton germplasm variation for seed oil carrying potential, its utilization in suitable breeding programs, seed oil biosynthetic pathways, major genes, and QTLs linked to quantity and quality enhancement of oil and deployment of modern genomic tools, viz., gene silencing and transgenic development to ameliorate its nutritional properties.  
Keywords:  biosynthesis        edible oil        gene silencing        oil quality        oleic acid        stearic acid  
Received: 12 March 2018   Accepted: 29 September 2019
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence Jehanzeb Farooq, E-mail:   
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Iram Sharif, Jehanzeb Farooq, Shahid Munir Chohan, Sadaf Saleem, Riaz Ahmad Kainth, Abid Mahmood, Ghulam Sarwar. 2019. Strategies to enhance cottonseed oil contents and reshape fatty acid profile employing different breeding and genetic engineering approaches. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(10): 2205-2218.

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