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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (05): 1017-1024    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61323-5
Physiology·Biochemistry·Cultivation·Tillage Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Grafting affects yield and phenolic profie of Solanum melongena L. landraces
L Sabatino1, G Iapichino1, A Maggio2, E D’ Anna3, M Bruno2, F D’ Anna1
1 Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Palermo 90128, Italy
2 Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, University of Palermo, Palermo 90128, Italy
3 Regional Centres  for Agricultural  Technologies (Ce.R.T.A.), University of Foggia, Foggia 71122, Italy
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Abstract  The influence of grafting on agronomical and qualitative characteristics of four Sicilian eggplant landraces was investigated. Grafted and ungrafted plants were compared in the open field in the northern coast of Sicily. Solanum torvum seedlings were used as rootstock. Regardless of genotypes tested, grafting significantly increased total fruit production, marketable production, and number of marketable fruits, but did not affect weight of marketable fruits and waste production. Landrace 2 (Sciacca), with black epidermal tissue and pyriform fruit shape, when grafted onto S. torvum not only gave a higher yield performance than ungrafted plants, but also showed a higher phenolic antioxidant content. Landrace 4 (Sicilia), with black epidermal tissue and small cylindrical fruits also benefited, when grafted onto S. torvum, from a substantial increase in antioxidant fruit content. As consumers’ demand for fruits and vegetables rich in compounds important for human health is steadily increasing, these landrace/rootstock combinations should deserve more attention by plant nurseries involved in grafted seedling production and interested in the valorization and conservation of eggplant biodiversity.
Keywords:  eggplant       propagation technique        yield       polyphenols        HPLC analysis  
Received: 08 June 2015   Accepted: 03 May 2016
Corresponding Authors:  G Iapichino, E-mail:; Tel: +39-9123862215; Fax: +39-9123867519    

Cite this article: 

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