|Advances in studies on the physiological and molecular regulation of barley tillering
Asad RIAZ1*, Ahmad M. ALQUDAH2*, Farah KANWAL1, Klaus PILLEN3, YE Ling-zhen1, DAI Fei1, ZHANG Guo-ping1
1 Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310029, P.R.China
2 Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University at Flakkebjerg, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark
3 Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Betty-Heimann-Straße 3, 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany
Abstract Tillering is a crucial trait closely associated with yield potential and environmental adaptation in cereal crops, regulated by the synergy of endogenous (genetic) and exogenous (environmental) factors. The physiological and molecular regulation of tillering has been intensively studied in rice and wheat. However, tillering research on barley is scarce. This review used the recent advances in bioinformatics to map all known and potential barley tiller development genes with their chromosomal genetic and physical positions. Many of them were mapped for the first time. We also discussed tillering regulation at genetic, physiological, and environmental levels. Moreover, we established a novel link between the genetic control of phytohormones and sugars with tillering. We provided evidence of how environmental cues and cropping systems help optimize the tiller number. This comprehensive review enhances the understanding of barley’s physiological and genetic mechanisms controlling tillering and other developmental traits.
Received: 13 December 2021
Accepted: 21 February 2022
|Fund: This study is funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFD1000706), the Key Research Project of Science and Technology Department of Zhejiang Province, China (2021C02064-3), the Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Crop Production, China.
|About author: Correspondence ZHANG Guo-ping, Tel: +86-571-88982115, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
* These authors contributed equally to this study.
Cite this article:
Asad RIAZ, Ahmad M. ALQUDAH, Farah KANWAL, Klaus PILLEN, YE Ling-zhen, DAI Fei, ZHANG Guo-ping.
Advances in studies on the physiological and molecular regulation of barley tillering. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 22(1): 1-13.
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