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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2022, Vol. 21 Issue (7): 1913-1926    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(21)63676-6
Special Issue: 水稻耕作栽培合辑Rice Physiology · Biochemistry · Cultivation · Tillage
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Photosynthetic properties of the mid-vein and leaf lamina of field-grown, high-yield hybrid rice during senescence
GAO Zhi-ping1*, XU Min-li1*, ZHANG Hai-zi1, LÜ Chuan-gen2, CHEN Guo-xiang1
1 College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, P.R.China
2 Institute of Food and Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, P.R.China
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Abstract  Previous studies with rice (Oryza sativa L.) have shown that the different components of the photosynthetic apparatus are not uniformly synthesized or degraded during senescence.  However, while most of those studies have focused on the leaf lamina, few have addressed senescence-associated chloroplast function or leaf physiology.  Here, we investigated the photosynthetic properties of the mid-vein and leaf lamina in a high-yield hybrid rice cultivar (Liangyoupei 9, LYP9) during the senescence stage.  Assimilation and transpiration decreased more slowly in the mid-vein than in the lamina during senescence, suggesting more sustained photosynthesis in the mid-vein, as well as stronger heat dissipation.  Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis suggested that photosynthesis and energy metabolism were less affected by senescence in the mid-vein than in the leaf lamina.  During late senescence, the excess energy dissipation in the mid-vein through the xanthophyll cycle had a higher active photosynthetic capacity than in the leaf lamina, and we inferred that the mid-vein and leaf lamina of LYP9 rice differed in terms of their maturation.  Taken together, these results provide new insights into the underlying mechanisms of senescence of the rice mid-vein and associated physiology.
Keywords:  mid-vein        rice        photosynthetic properties        senescence  
Received: 02 December 2020   Accepted: 02 March 2021
Fund: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32101639), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China (PAPD) and the Jiangsu Agriculture Science and Technology Innovation Fund, China (JASTIF, CX181001).
About author:  GAO Zhi-ping, E-mail:; XU Min-li, E-mail:; Correspondence CHEN Guo-xiang, E-mail: * These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

GAO Zhi-ping, XU Min-li, ZHANG Hai-zi, LÜ Chuan-gen, CHEN Guo-xiang. 2022. Photosynthetic properties of the mid-vein and leaf lamina of field-grown, high-yield hybrid rice during senescence. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(7): 1913-1926.

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