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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (6): 1563-1569    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63327-5
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Identification of eight Berberis species from the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau as aecial hosts for Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, the wheat stripe rust pathogen
LI Si-nan1*, CHEN Wen1, 2*, MA Xin-yao1, TIAN Xia-xia1, LIU Yao1, HUANG Li-li1, KANG Zhen-sheng1, ZHAO Jie
1 State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas and College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, P.R.China
2 Guizhou Institute of Plant Protection, Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guiyang 550006, P.R.China
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Abstract  
Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici Erikss. (Pst) infects wheat and causes stripe rust.  The rust is heteroecious with wheat as the primary uredinial and telial host and barberry (Berberis spp.) as the alternate pycnial and aecial host.  More than 40 Berberis species have been identified as alternate hosts for Pst, and most of these are Chinese Berberis species.  However, little is known about Berberis species or their geographic distributions in the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau in southwestern China.  The Yunnan-Guizhou plateau is considered to be an important and relatively independent region for the evolution of the wheat stripe rust pathogen in China because the entire disease cycle can be completed within the region.  In this study, we conducted a survey of barberry plants in the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau and identified the eight Pst-susceptible Berberis species under controlled conditions, including B. julianae, B. tsienii, B. veitchii, B. wilsonae, B. wilsonae var. guhtzunica, B. franchetiana, B. lepidifolia and B. pruinosa.  These species are reported here for the first time to serve as alternate hosts for the wheat stripe rust pathogen under controlled conditions. 
Keywords:  Berberis spp.        alternate host        Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici        sexual reproduction        stripe rust        wheat        yellow rust
  
Received: 28 February 2020   Accepted: 19 May 2021
Fund: This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFD0200500), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31960524, 31071641 and 32072358), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2452019046), and the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (2020JZ-15, 2017JM3006).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence ZHAO Jie, E-mail: jiezhao@nwsuaf.edu.cn; KANG Zhen-sheng, E-mail: kangzs@nwsuaf.edu.cn    
About author:  LI Si-nan, E-mail: 1026480918@qq.com; CHEN Wen, E-mail: 1319871239@qq.com;* These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

LI Si-nan, CHEN Wen, MA Xin-yao, TIAN Xia-xia, LIU Yao, HUANG Li-li, KANG Zhen-sheng, ZHAO Jie. 2021. Identification of eight Berberis species from the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau as aecial hosts for Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, the wheat stripe rust pathogen. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(6): 1563-1569.

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