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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (9): 2526-2534    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63310-X
Special Issue: 农业生态环境-肥料及施用合辑Agro-ecosystem & Environment—Fertilizer 农业生态环境-氮素合辑Agro-ecosystem & Environment—Nitrogen
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Fate of low-molecular-weight organic phosphorus compounds in the P-rich and P-poor paddy soils
LI Bao-zhen1, Anna GUNINA2, 3, Mostafa ZHRAN1, 4, Davey L. JONES5, Paul W. HILL5, HU Ya-jun1, GE Ti-da1, WU Jin-shui1, 6 
1 Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region/Changsha Research Station for Agricultural & Environmental Monitoring, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, P.R.China
2 Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstrae 1a 37213, Witzenhausen, Germany
3 Department of Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Moscow 119017, Russian Federation
4 Soil and Water Research Department, Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Abou-Zaabl 13759, Egypt
5 School of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2UW, UK
6 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R.China
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Continuous application of organic fertilizers can cause accumulation of organic phosphorus (P) in soil, especially in the low-molecular-weight organic phosphorus (LMWOP) forms.  This organic P pool represents a potentially important source of P for both plants and microorganisms.  To understand the effect of long-term fertilization (30 years) (P-rich soil) vs. fallowing (P-poor soil) on the bioavailability and fate of LMWOP in subtropical paddy soils, we determined the sorption and mineralization of 14C-labeled adenosine, adenosine monophosphate (AMP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in each soil.  The contents of carbon, nitrogen, and P in the P-rich soil were more than two times greater than those in the P-poor soil.  The mineralization rates of the LMWOP compounds were faster in the P-rich soil compared to the P-poor soil, and followed the order AMP>ADP>ATP.  Using sterilized soil, all forms of adenosine-P were strongly sorbed  to the solid phase and reached saturation in a short time, with the adsorbance increasing with the number of phosphate groups.  We concluded that the mineralization of LMWOP compounds was repressed slightly by sorption to the solid phase, but only in the short term.  Thus, LMWOP compounds serve as readily available sources of C for microorganisms, making P available for themselves as well as for the plants.  However, P accumulation and the progressive saturation of the P sorption sites in highly fertile soils may increase the potential risk of P runoff. 
Keywords:  rice paddy        phosphatase        phosphorus cycling        microbial community  
Received: 20 March 2020   Accepted:
Fund: This work was funded by the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2020JJ4563), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (4181101348), the Innovation Groups of Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2019JJ10003), the Chinese Academy of Sciences President’s International Fellowship Initiative to Anna Gunina (2019VCC0003), and the Talented Young Scientist Program (TYSP) to Mostafa Zhran supported by the China Science and Technology Exchange Center (Egypt-19-004).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence WU Jin-shui, Tel: +86-731-84615224; Fax: +86-731-84612685, E-mail:   
About author:  LI Bao-zhen, Tel: +86-731-84619736; E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

LI Bao-zhen, Anna GUNINA, Mostafa ZHRAN, Davey L. JONES, Paul W. HILL, HU Ya-jun, GE Ti-da, WU Jin-shui. 2021. Fate of low-molecular-weight organic phosphorus compounds in the P-rich and P-poor paddy soils. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(9): 2526-2534.

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