Please wait a minute...
Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (6): 1348-1359    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62076-3
Agro-ecosystem & Environment Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Comparison of carbon sequestration efficiency in soil aggregates between upland and paddy soils in a red soil region of China
LIU Kai-lou1, 2, HUANG Jing1, LI Da-ming2, YU Xi-chu2, YE Hui-cai2, HU Hui-wen2, HU Zhi-hua2, HUANG Qing-hai2, ZHANG Hui-min1 
1 Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/National Engineering Laboratory for Improving Quality of Arable Land, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
2 Jiangxi Institute of Red Soil, National Engineering and Technology Research Center for Red Soil Improvement/Scientific Observational and Experimental Station of Arable Land Conservation in Jiangxi, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanchang 331717, P.R.China
Download:  PDF in ScienceDirect  
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
There is limited information on carbon sequestration efficiency (CSE) of soil aggregates in upland and paddy soils under long-term fertilization regimes.  In a red soil region of southern China, an upland soil experiment started in 1986 and a paddy soil experiment commenced in 1981.  These experiments were conducted using different fertilization treatments.  After 30 years, soil organic carbon (SOC) content and stock of different aggregate components were analyzed.  The results showed that the SOC contents and stocks in upland soil were lower than in paddy soil.  In both upland and paddy soils, the SOC contents and stocks of all aggregate components in NPKM (combined treatment with chemical nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) fertilizers and manure) were the highest among all treatments.  Compared with CK (no fertilizer), SOC content of all aggregate components in NPKM was increased by 13.21–63.11% and 19.13–73.33% in upland and paddy soils, respectively.  Meanwhile, the change rates in SOC stock of all aggregate components in upland soil were lower than in paddy soil, although the change rate of SOC stock of all aggregate components in NPKM was higher than in other treatments.  Furthermore, a linear equation could fit the relationships between carbon (C) input and change rate of SOC stock (P<0.05).  Results indicated that the sum of CSE from all aggregate components in upland soil (16.02%) was higher than that of paddy soil (15.12%) in the same climatic condition and from the same parent material.  However, the CSEs from all aggregates were higher than that of bulk soil, although the result from bulk soil also showed that the CSE of upland soil was higher than that of paddy soil.
Keywords:  CSE        SOC stock              soil aggregate        C input        long-term fertilization  
Received: 02 March 2018   Accepted:
Fund: This research was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0200101 and 2016YFD0300901), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671301 and 41371293), and the Innovation Plan of Scientific and Research in Modern Agriculture, Jiangxi Province, China (JXXTCX2015003-005).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence ZHANG Hui-min, Tel: +86-10-82105039, E-mail:; YU Xi-chu, Tel: +86-791-85527767, E-mail:   
About author:  Received 2 March, 2018 Accepted 7 August, 2018 LIU Kai-lou, Tel: +86-791-85527767, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

LIU Kai-lou, HUANG Jing, LI Da-ming, YU Xi-chu, YE Hui-cai, HU Hui-wen, HU Zhi-hua, HUANG Qing-hai, ZHANG Hui-min. 2019. Comparison of carbon sequestration efficiency in soil aggregates between upland and paddy soils in a red soil region of China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(6): 1348-1359.

Cai A, Feng W, Zhang W, Xu M. 2016. Climate, soil texture, and soil types affect the contributions of fine-fraction-stabilized carbon to total soil organic carbon in different land uses across China. Journal of Environmental Management, 172, 2–9.
Cai A, Zhang W, Shen X, Xiao J, Han T, Xu M. 2015. Soil carbon sequestration efficiency of different particle-size fractions after long-term fertilization. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 21, 1431–1438. (in Chinese)
Cai Z C, Qin S W, 2006. Dynamics of crop yields and soil organic carbon in a long-term fertilization experiment in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain of China. Geoderma, 136, 708–715.
Chen X, Wang A, Li Y, Hu L, Zheng H, He X, Su Y. 2014. Fate of 14C-labeled dissolved organic matter in paddy and upland soils in responding to moisture. Science of the Total Environment, 488, 268–274.
Di J, Feng W, Zhang W, Cai A, Xu M. 2017. Soil organic carbon saturation deficit under primary agricultural managements across major croplands in China. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 3, 1364047.
Elliott E. 1986. Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 50, 627–633.
Fang H, Li Y, Zhou H, Yan X Y, Peng X H. 2018. Effects of straw incorporation on paddy soil structure in rice-wheat rotation system. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 49, 297–302. (in Chinese)
Han X, Zhao F, Tong X, Deng J, Yang G, Chen L, Kang D. 2017. Understanding soil carbon sequestration following the afforestation of former arable land by physical fractionation. Catena, 150, 317–327.
Hua K, Wang D, Guo X, Guo Z. 2014. Carbon sequestration efficiency of organic amendments in a long-term experiment on a Vertisol in Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, China. PLoS ONE, 9, e108594.
Huang Q H, Li D M, Liu K L, Yu X C, Ye H C, Hu H W, Zhang W J. 2014. Effects of long-term organic amendments on soil organic carbon in a paddy field: A case study on red soil. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 13, 570–576.
Huang S, Pan X, Guo J, Qian C, Zhang W. 2014. Differences in soil organic carbon stocks and fraction distributions between rice paddies and upland cropping systems in China. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 14, 89–98.
Huang S, Peng X, Huang Q, Zhang W. 2010a. Soil aggregation and organic carbon fractions affected by long-term fertilization in a red soil of subtropical China. Geoderma, 154, 364–369.
Huang S, Rui W, Peng X, Huang Q, Zhang, W. 2010b. Organic carbon fractions affected by long-term fertilization in a subtropical paddy soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 86, 153–160.
Kalbitz K, Solinger S, Park J H, Michalzik B, Matzner E. 2000. Controls on the dynamics of dissolved organic matter in soils: A review. Soil Science, 165, 277–304.
Lal R. 2004. Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science, 304, 1623–1627.
Lal R. 2006. Enhancing crop yields in the developing countries through restoration of the soil organic carbon pool in agricultural lands. Land Degradation and Development, 17, 197–209.
Li Q. 1992. Paddy Soil in China. China Science Press, China. (in Chinese)
Liang Y, Li D, Lu X, Yang X, Pan X, Mu H, Zhang B. 2010. Soil erosion changes over the past five decades in the red soil region of southern China. Journal of Mountain Science, 7, 92–99.
Lu R K. 2000. Analytical Methods for Soil and Agro-Chemistry. Chinese Agriculture Press, China. (in Chinese)
Pan G, Xu X, Smith P, Pan W, Lal R. 2010. An increase in topsoil SOC stock of China’s croplands between 1985 and 2006 revealed by soil monitoring. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 136, 133–138.
Peng X, Yan X, Zhou H, Zhang Y Z, Sun H. 2015. Assessing the contributions of sesquioxides and soil organic matter to aggregation in an Ultisol from long-term fertilization. Soil and Tillage Research, 146, 89–98.
Peng X, Zhu Q H, Zhang Z B, Hallett P D. 2017. Combined turnover of carbon and soil aggregates using rare earth oxides and isotopically labelled carbon as tracers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 109, 81–94.
Purakayastha T J, Rudrappa L, Singh D, Swarup A, Bhadraray S. 2008. Long-term impact of fertilizers on soil organic carbon pools and sequestration rates in maize-wheat-cowpea cropping system. Geoderma, 144, 370–378.
Qiu H, Ge T, Liu J, Chen X, Hu Y, Wu J, Kuzyakov Y. 2018. Effects of biotic and abiotic factors on soil organic matter mineralization: Experiments and structural modeling analysis. European Journal of Soil Biology, 84, 27–34.
Sheng R, Meng D, Wu M, Di H, Qin H, Wei W. 2013. Effect of agricultural land use change on community composition of bacteria and ammonia oxidizers. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 13, 1246–1256.
Six J, Conant R T, Paul E A, Paustian K. 2002. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: Implications for C-saturation of soils. Plant and Soil, 241, 155–176.
Sun Y, Huang S, Yu X, Zhang W. 2015. Differences in fertilization impacts on organic carbon content and stability in a paddy and an upland soil in subtropical China. Plant and Soil, 397, 189–200.
Sun Y T, Liao Y L, Zheng S X, Nie J, Lu Y H, Xie J. 2013. Effects of long-term fertilization on soil organic carbon pool and carbon sequestration under double rice cropping. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 24, 732–740. (in Chinese)
Tong X, Xu M, Wang X, Bhattacharyya R, Zhang W, Cong R. 2014. Long-term fertilization effects on organic carbon fractions in a red soil of China. Catena, 113, 251–259.
West T O, Six J. 2007. Considering the influence of sequestration duration and carbon saturation on estimates of soil carbon capacity. Climatic Change, 80, 25–41.
Wu X, Ge T, Wang W, Yuan H, Wegner C E, Zhu Z, Wu J. 2015. Cropping systems modulate the rate and magnitude of soil microbial autotrophic CO2 fixation in soil. Frontiers in Microbiology, 6, 379
Xu J, Zhao B, Chu W, Mao J, Zhang J. 2017. Chemical nature of humic substances in two typical Chinese soils (upland vs paddy soil): A comparative advanced solid state NMR study. Science of the Total Environment, 576, 444–452.
Yan X, Zhou H, Zhu Q H, Wang X F, Zhang Y Z, Yu X C, Peng X. 2013. Carbon sequestration efficiency in paddy soil and upland soil under long-term fertilization in southern China. Soil and Tillage Research, 130, 42–51.
Yang F, Tian J, Meersmans J, Fang H, Yang H, Lou Y, Kuzyakov Y. 2018. Functional soil organic matter fractions in response to long-term fertilization in upland and paddy systems in South China. Catena, 162, 270–277.
Yin T, Zhao C, Yan C, Du Z, He W. 2018. Inter-annual changes in the aggregate-size distribution and associated carbon of soil and their effects on the straw-derived carbon incorporation under long-term no-tillage. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 2546–2557.
Yuan H, Ge T, Zou S, Wu X, Liu S, Zhou P, Wu J. 2013. Effect of land use on the abundance and diversity of autotrophic bacteria as measured by ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO) large subunit gene abundance in soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49, 609–616.
Zhang P, Xu S, Zhang G, Pu X, Wang J, Zhang W. 2019. Carbon cycle in response to residue management and fertilizer application in a cotton field in arid Northwest China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18, 1103–1119.
Zhang S, Huang S, Li J, Guo D, Lin S, Lu G. 2017. Long-term manure amendments and chemical fertilizers enhanced soil organic carbon sequestration in a wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-maize (Zea mays L.) rotation system. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97, 2575–2581.
Zhang W, Liu K, Wang J, Shao X, Xu M, Li J, Murphy D V. 2015. Relative contribution of maize and external manure amendment to soil carbon sequestration in a long-term intensive maize cropping system. Scientific Reports, 5, 10791.
Zhao Y, Wang M, Hu S, Zhang X, Ouyang Z, Zhang G, Zhu B. 2018. Economics-and policy-driven organic carbon input enhancement dominates soil organic carbon accumulation in Chinese croplands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115, 4045–4050.
[1] XIAN Xiao-qing, ZHAO Hao-xiang, GUO Jian-yang, ZHANG Gui-fen, LIU Hui, LIU Wan-xue, WAN Fang-hao. Estimation of the potential geographical distribution of a new potato pest (Schrankia costaestrigalis) in China under climate change[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2441-2455.
[2] WANG Meng-qi, ZHANG Hong-rui, XI Yu-qiang, WANG Gao-ping, ZHAO Man, ZHANG Li-juan, GUO Xian-ru. Population genetic variation and historical dynamics of the natural enemy insect Propylea japonica (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2456-2469.
[3] YU Wen-jia, LI Hai-gang, Peteh M. NKEBIWE, YANG Xue-yun, GUO Da-yong, LI Cui-lan, ZHU Yi-yong, XIAO Jing-xiu, LI Guo-hua, SUN Zhi, Torsten MÜLLER, SHEN Jian-bo. Combining rhizosphere and soil-based P management decreased the P fertilizer demand of China by more than half based on LePA model simulations[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2509-2520.
[4] JIAN Jin-zhuo, HUANG Wen-kun, KONG Ling-an, JIAN Heng, Sulaiman ABDULSALAM, PENG De-liang, PENG Huan. Molecular diagnosis and direct quantification of cereal cyst nematode (Heterodera filipjevi) from field soil using TaqMan real-time PCR[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2591-2601.
[5] ZHANG Lin-zhen, HE Li, WANG Ning, AN Jia-hua, ZHANG Gen, CHAI Jin, WU Yu-jie, DAI Chang-jiu, LI Xiao-han, LIAN Ting, LI Ming-zhou, JIN Long. Identification of novel antisense long non-coding RNA APMAP-AS that modulates porcine adipogenic differentiation and inflammatory responses[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2483-2499.
[6] YANG Hong-jun, YE Wen-wu, YU Ze, SHEN Wei-liang, LI Su-zhen, WANG Xing, CHEN Jia-jia, WANG Yuan-chao, ZHENG Xiao-bo. Host niche, genotype, and field location shape the diversity and composition of the soybean microbiome[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2412-2425.
[7] ZHANG Sheng-zhong, HU Xiao-hui, WANG Fei-fei, CHU Ye, YANG Wei-qiang, XU Sheng, WANG Song, WU Lan-rong, YU Hao-liang, MIAO Hua-rong, FU Chun, CHEN Jing. A stable and major QTL region on chromosome 2 conditions pod shape in cultivated peanut (Arachis hyopgaea L.)[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2323-2334.
[8] GUO Bao-jian, SUN Hong-wei, QI Jiang, HUANG Xin-yu, HONG Yi, HOU Jian, LÜ Chao, WANG Yu-lin, WANG Fei-fei, ZHU Juan, GUO Gang-gang, XU Ru-gen. A single nucleotide substitution in the MATE transporter gene regulates plastochron and many noded dwarf phenotype in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2295-2305.
[9] GUO Kai, GAO Wei, ZHANG Tao-rui, WANG Zu-ying, SUN Xiao-ting, YANG Peng, LONG Lu, LIU Xue-ying, WANG Wen-wen, TENG Zhong-hua, LIU Da-jun, LIU De-xin, TU Li-li, ZHANG Zheng-sheng. Comparative transcriptome and lipidome reveal that a low K+ signal effectively alleviates the effect induced by Ca2+ deficiency in cotton fibers[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2306-2322.
[10] WANG Xing-long, ZHU Yu-peng, YAN Ye, HOU Jia-min, WANG Hai-jiang, LUO Ning, WEI Dan, MENG Qing-feng, WANG Pu. Irrigation mitigates the heat impacts on photosynthesis during grain filling in maize [J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2370-2383.
[11] ZHAO Jun-yang, LU Hua-ming, QIN Shu-tao, PAN Peng, TANG Shi-de, CHEN Li-hong, WANG Xue-li, TANG Fang-yu, TAN Zheng-long, WEN Rong-hui, HE Bing. Soil conditioners improve Cd-contaminated farmland soil microbial communities to inhibit Cd accumulation in rice[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2521-2535.
[12] PEI Sheng-zhao, ZENG Hua-liang, DAI Yu-long, BAI Wen-qiang, FAN Jun-liang. Nitrogen nutrition diagnosis for cotton under mulched drip irrigation using unmanned aerial vehicle multispectral images[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2536-2552.
[13] SU Qin, LÜ Jun, LI Wan-xue, CHEN Wei-wen, LUO Min-shi, ZHANG Chuan-chuan, ZHANG Wen-qing. The combination of NlMIP and Gαi/q coupled-receptor NlA10 promotes abdominal vibration production in female Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2470-2482.
[14] Roberta SPANÒ, Mariarosaria MASTROCHIRICO, Francesco LONGOBARDI, Salvatore CERVELLIERI, Vincenzo LIPPOLIS, Tiziana MASCIA. Characterization of volatile organic compounds in grafted tomato plants upon potyvirus necrotic infection[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2426-2440.
[15] ZHANG Qiang-qiang, GAO Xi-xi, Nazir Muhammad ABDULLAHI, WANG Yue, HUO Xue-xi. Asset specificity and farmers’ intergenerational succession willingness of apple management[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2553-2566.
No Suggested Reading articles found!