麦类耕作栽培合辑Triticeae Crops Physiology · Biochemistry · Cultivation · Tillage
|Genotype×tillage interaction and the performance of winter bread wheat genotypes in temperate and cold dryland conditions
Ebrahim ROOHI1, Reza MOHAMMADI2, Abdoul Aziz NIANE3, Javad VAFABAKHSH4, Mozaffar ROUSTAEE5, Mohammad Reza JALAL KAMALI6, Shahriar SOHRABI7, Shahriar FATEHI7, Hossain TARIMORADI7
1 Horticulture and Crop Science Research Department, Kurdistan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sanandaj 66169-36311, Iran
2 Dry Land Agricultural Research Institute (DARI), Sararood Campus, AREEO, Kermanshah 67441-61377, Iran
3 International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Area (ICARDA), Dubai 13979, United Arab Emirates
4 Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad 91859-86111, Iran
5 Cereal Research Department, DARI, AREEO, Maragheh 119, Iran
6 International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), Karaj 31585-4119, Iran
7 Kurdistan Jehade Agricultural Organization, Sanandaj 66169-35383, Iran
Growing concerns for food security and the alleviation of hunger necessitate knowledge-based crop management technologies for sustainable crop production. In this study, 13 winter bread wheat genotypes (old, relatively old, modern, and breeding lines) were evaluated under three different tillage systems, i.e., conventional tillage (CT, full tillage with residue removed), reduced tillage (RT, chisel tillage with residue retained) and no-tillage (NT, no-tillage with residue retained on the soil surface) in farmer’s fields under rainfed conditions using strip-plot arrangements in a randomized complete block design with three replications in the west of Iran (Kamyaran and Hosseinabad locations) over two cropping seasons (2018–2019 and 2019–2020). The main objectives were to investigate the effects of tillage systems and growing conditions on the agronomic characteristics, grain yield and stability performance of rainfed winter bread wheat genotypes. Significant (P<0.01) genotype×tillage system interaction effects on grain yield and agronomic traits suggested that the genotypes responded differently to the different tillage systems. The number of grains per spike and plant height were positively (P<0.0) associated with grain yield under the NT system, so they may be considered as targeted traits for future wheat breeding. Using statistical models, the modern cultivars (“Sadra” and “Baran”) were identified as high yielding and showed yield stability across the different tillage systems. As per each tillage system, genotype “Sadra” followed by “Zargana-6//Dari 1-7 Sabalan” exhibited higher adaption to CT; while cultivars “Jam” and “Azar2” showed better performance under the RT system; and cultivars “Varan” and “Baran” tended to have better performance expression in the NT condition. The increased grain yields achieved in combination with lower costs and greater profits from conservation agriculture suggest that adapted cultivar and NT systems should be evaluated and promoted more widely to farmers in the west of Iran as an attractive package of crop management technologies. In conclusion, variations in the performance of genotypes and the significant genotype×tillage system interaction effects on grain yield and some agronomic traits assessed in this study suggest that the development and selection of cultivars adapted to the NT system should be considered and included in the strategies and objectives of winter wheat breeding programs for the temperate and cold dryland conditions of Iran.
Received: 12 July 2021
Accepted: 10 November 2021
|Fund: This work was supported by the IRAN-ICARDA Enhanced Food Security Project, Iran (24-53-15-064-971144).
|About author: Correspondence Ebrahim Roohi, E-mail: email@example.com
Cite this article:
Ebrahim ROOHI, Reza MOHAMMADI, Abdoul Aziz NIANE, Javad VAFABAKHSH, Mozaffar ROUSTAEE, Mohammad Reza JALAL KAMALI, Shahriar SOHRABI, Shahriar FATEHI, Hossain TARIMORADI.
Genotype×tillage interaction and the performance of winter bread wheat genotypes in temperate and cold dryland conditions. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(11): 3199-3215.
| Alvarado G, López M, Vargas M, Pacheco Á, Rodríguez F, Burgueño J, Crossa J. 2016. META-R (Multi Environment Trail Analysis with R for Windows). version 6.0, hdl:11529/10201. CIMMYT Research Data & Software Repository Network. Accessed 30 November, 2016.
Araya T, Cornelis W M, Nyssen J, Govaerts B, Getnet F, Bauer H. 2012. Medium-term effects of conservation agriculture based cropping systems for sustainable soil and water management and crop productivity in the Ethiopian highlands. Field Crops Research, 132, 53–62.
Barnabas B, Jager K, Fehér A. 2008. The effect of drought and heat stress on reproductive processes in cereals. Plant, Cell & Environment, 31, 11–38.
Bewick L, Young F, Alldredge J, Young D. 2008. Agronomics and economics of no-till facultative wheat in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Crop Protection, 27, 932–942.
Cann D J, Schillinger W F, Hunt J R, Porker K D, Harris F A J. 2020. Agroecological advantages of early-sown winter wheat in semi-arid environments: A comparative case study from southern Australia and Pacific Northwest United States. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 568.
Carena M J, Yang J, Caffarel J C, Mergoum M, Hallauer A R. 2009. Do different production environments justify separate maize breeding programs? Euphytica, 169, 141–150.
Carr P M, Horsley R D, Poland W W. 2003a. Tillage and seeding rate effects on wheat cultivars: I. Grain production. Crop Science, 43, 202–209.
Carr P M, Horsley R D, Poland W W. 2003b. Tillage and seeding rate effects on wheat cultivars: II. Yield components. Crop Science, 43, 210–218.
Carranza-Gallego G, Guzmán G, Garcia-Ruiz R, González de Molina M, Aguilera E. 2018. Contribution of traditional wheat varieties to climate change mitigation under contrasting managements and rainfed Mediterranean conditions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 195, 111–121.
Cavalieri K M V, Silva A P, Tormena C A, Leão T P, Dexter A R, Hakansson I. 2009. Long-term effects of no-tillage on dynamic soil physical properties in a Rhodic Ferralsol in Paraná, Brazil. Soil and Tillage Research, 103, 158–164.
Ciha A J. 1982. Yield and yield components of four spring barley cultivars under three tillage systems. Agronomy Journal, 74, 597–600.
Chaghazardi H R, Jahansouz M R, Ahmadi A, Gorji M. 2016. Effects of tillage management on productivity of wheat and chickpea under cold, rainfed conditions in western Iran. Soil and Tillage Research, 162, 26–33.
Cox D J. 1991. Breeding for hard red winter wheat cultivars adapted to conventional-till and no-till systems in northern latitudes. Euphytica, 58, 57–63.
Cox D J, Shelton D R. 1992. Genotype-by-tillage interactions in hard red winter wheat quality evaluation. Agronomy Journal, 84, 627–630.
Devkota M, Devkota K P, Acharya S, McDonald A J. 2019. Increasing profitability, yields and yield stability through sustainable crop establishment practices in the rice–wheat systems of Nepal. Agricultural Systems, 173, 414–423.
Fischer R A, Santiveri F, Vidal I R. 2002. Crop rotation, tillage and crop residue management for wheat and maize in the sub-humid tropical highlands. I. Wheat and legume performance. Field Crops Research, 79, 107–122.
Fufa H, Baenziger P S, Beecher B S, Graybosch R A, Eskridge K M, Nelson L A. 2005. Genetic improvement trends in agronomic performances and end-use quality characteristics among hard red winter wheat cultivars in Nebraska. Euphytica, 144, 187–198.
Gathala M K, Laing A M, Tiwari T P, Timsina J, Islam S, Chowdhury A, Chattopadhyay C, Singh A K, Bhatt B P, Shrestha R, Barma N C D, Rana D S, Jackson T M, Gerard B. 2020. Enabling smallholder farmers to sustainably improve their food, energy and water nexus while achieving environmental and economic benefits. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 120, 109645.
Gürsoy S, Sessiz A, Malhi S. 2010. Short-term effects of tillage and residue management following cotton on grain yield and quality of wheat. Field Crops Research, 119, 260–268.
Hemmat A, Eskandari I. 2004. Tillage system effects upon productivity of a dryland winter wheat–chickpea rotation in the northwest region of Iran. Soil and Tillage Research, 78, 69–81.
Hemmat A, Eskandari I. 2006. Dryland winter wheat response to conservation tillage in a continuous cropping system in northwestern Iran. Soil and Tillage Research, 86, 99–109.
Herrera J M, Verhulst N, Trethowan R M, Stamp P, Govaerts B. 2013. Insights into genotype×tillage interaction effects on the grain yield of wheat and maize. Crop Science, 53, 1845–1859.
Honsdorf N, Mulvaney M J, Singh R P, Ammar K, Burgueño J, Govaerts B, Verhulst N. 2018. Genotype by tillage interaction and performance progress for bread and durum wheat genotypes on irrigated raised beds. Field Crops Research, 216, 42–52.
Honsdorf N, Verhulst N, Crossa J, Vargas M, Govaerts B, Ammar K. 2019. Durum wheat selection under zero tillage increases early vigor and is neutral to yield. Field Crops Research, 248, 107675.
Hwu K K, Allan R E. 1992. Natural selection effects in wheat populations grown under contrasting tillage systems. Crop Science, 32, 605–611.
Jat M L, Chakraborty D, Ladha J K. 2020. Conservation agriculture for sustainable intensification in South Asia. Nature Sustainability, 3, 336–343.
Joshi A K, Chand R, Arun B, Singh R P, Ortiz R. 2007. Breeding crops for reduced-tillage management in the intensive, rice–wheat systems of South Asia. Euphytica, 153, 135–151.
Juergens L A, Young D L, Schillinger W F, Hinman H R. 2004. Economics of alternative no-till spring crop rotations in Washington’s wheat–fallow region. Agronomy Journal, 96, 154–158.
Kharub A S, Chatrath R, Shoran J. 2008. Performance of wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes in alternate tillage environments. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 78, 884–886.
Khorami S S, Kazemeini S A, Afzalinia S, Gathala M K. 2018. Changes in soil properties and productivity under different tillage practices and wheat genotypes: A short-term study in Iran. Sustainability, 10, 3273.
Kumar V, Jat H S, Sharma P C, Balwinder S, Gathala M K, Malik R K. 2018. Can productivity and profitability be enhanced in intensively managed cereal systems while reducing the environmental footprint of production? Assessing sustainable intensification options in the breadbasket of India. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 252, 132–147.
Kumudini S, Grabau L, Van Sanford D, Omielan J. 2008. Analysis of yield-formation processes under no-till and conventional tillage for soft red winter wheat in the south-central region. Agronomy Journal, 100, 1026–1032.
Liang Y L, Richards R A. 2012. Seedling vigor characteristics among Chinese and Australian wheats. Community Soil Science and Plant, 30, 159–165.
Maich R H, Di Rienzo J A. 2014. Genotype×tillage interaction in a recurrent selection program in wheat. Cereal Research Communications, 42, 525–533.
Mohammadi R, Sadeghzadeh B, Poursiahbidi M M, Ahmadi M M. 2021. Integrating univariate and multivariate statistical models to investigate genotype×environment interaction in durum wheat. Annals of Applied Biology, 178, 450–465.
Monneveux P, Jing R, Misra S C. 2012. Phenotyping for drought adaptation in wheat using physiological traits. Frontiers in Physiology, 3, doi: 10.3389/fphys.2012.00429.
Nyagumbo I, Mkuhlani S, Pisa C, Kamalongo D, Dias D, Mekuria M. 2016. Maize yield effects of conservation agriculture based maize–legume cropping systems in contrasting agro-ecologies of Malawi and Mozambique. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 105, 275–290.
Page K L, Dang Y P, Dalal R C, Reeves S, Thomas G, Wang W, Thompson J P. 2019. Changes in soil water storage with no-tillage and crop residue retention on a Vertisol: Impact on productivity and profitability over a 50 year period. Soil and Tillage Research, 194, 104319.
Piggin C, Haddad A, Khalil Y, Loss S, Pala M. 2015. Effects of tillage and time of sowing on bread wheat, chickpea, barley and lentil grown in rotation in rainfed systems in Syria. Field Crops Research, 173, 57–67.
Pittelkow C M, Linquist B A, Lundy M E, Liang X, van Groenigen K J, Lee J, van Gestel N, Six J, Venterea R T, van Kessel C. 2015. When does no-till yield more? A global meta-analysis. Field Crops Research, 183, 156–168.
Plaza-Bonilla D, Álvaro-Fuentes J, Hansen N C, Lampurlanés J, Cantero-Martínez C. 2014. Winter cereal root growth and aboveground–belowground biomass ratios as affected by site and tillage system in dryland Mediterranean conditions. Plant and Soil, 374, 925–939.
Radford B J, Thornton C M. 2011. Effects of 27 years of reduced tillage practices on soil properties and crop performance in the semi-arid subtropics of Australia. International Journal of Energy, Environment, and Economics, 19, 565–588.
Rana C, Sharma A, Sharma K C, Mittal P, Sinha B N, Sharma V K, Chandel A, Thakur H, Kaila V, Sharma P, Rana V. 2021. Stability analysis of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes under North Western Himalayas using joint regression analysis and GGE biplots. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 68, 999–1010.
Rebetzke G J, Richards R A, Fettell N A, Long M, Condon A G, Forrester R I, Botwright T L. 2007. Genotypic increases in coleoptile length improves stand establishment, vigour and grain yield of deep-sown wheat. Field Crops Research, 100, 10–23.
Rebetzke G J, Richards R A, Sirault X R R, Morrison A D. 2004. Genetic analysis of coleoptile length and diameter in wheat. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55, 733–743.
Ruiz M, Zambrana E, Fite R, Sole A, Tenorio J L, Benavente E. 2019. Yield and quality performance of traditional and improved bread and durum wheat varieties under two conservation tillage systems. Sustainability, 11, 4522.
Santín-Montanyá M, Fernández-Getino A, Zambrana E, Tenorio J. 2017. Effects of tillage on winter wheat production in Mediterranean dryland fields. Arid Land Research and Management, 31, 269–282.
Schillinger W F, Kennedy A C, Young D L. 2007. Eight years of annual no-till cropping in Washington’s winter wheat–summer fallow region. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 120, 345–358.
Soane B D, Ball B C, Arvidsson J, Basch G, Moreno F, Roger-Estrade J. 2012. No-till in northern, western and south-western Europe: A review of problems and opportunities for crop production and the environment. Soil and Tillage Research, 118, 66–87.
Steward P R, Dougill A J, Thierfelder C, Pittelkow C M, Stringer L C, Kudzala M, Shackelford G E. 2018. The adaptive capacity of maize-based conservation agriculture systems to climate stress in tropical and subtropical environments: A meta-regression of yields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 251, 194–202.
Subira J, Alvaro F, García del Moral L F, Royo C. 2015. Breeding effects on the cultivar× environment interaction of durum wheat yield. European Journal of Agronomy, 68, 78–88.
Taner A, Arisoy R Z, Kaya Y, Gultekin I, Partigoc F. 2015. The effects of various tillage systems on grain yield, quality parameters and energy indices in winter wheat production under the rainfed conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24, 1463–1473.
Thompson C R, Hoag B K, Red H, Wheat S. 1987. Variety performance under reduced tillage systems. North Dakota Farming Research, 44, 19–24.
Trethowan R M, Mahmood T, Ali Z, Oldach K, Garci A G. 2012. Breeding wheat cultivars better adapted to conservation agriculture. Field Crops Research, 132, 76–83.
Trethowan R M, Reynolds M, Sayre K, Ortiz-Monasterio I. 2005. Adapting wheat cultivars to resource conserving farming practices and human nutritional needs. Annals of Applied Biology, 146, 405–413.
Wang X B, Cai D X, Hoogmoed W B, Oenema O, Perdok U D. 2007. Developments in conservation tillage in rainfed regions of North China. Soil and Tillage Research, 93, 239–250.
De Vita P, Di Paolo E, Fecondo G, Di Fonzo N, Pisante M. 2007. No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy. Soil & Tillage Research, 92, 69–78.
Yan W. 2001. GGE biplot - A Windows application for graphical analysis of multi-environment trial data and other types of two-way data. Agronomy Journal, 93, 1111–1118.
Yan W, Kang M S, Ma B, Woods S, Cornelius P L. 2007. GGE biplot vs. AMMI analysis of genotype-by-environment data. Crop Science, 47, 643–653.
Yau S K, Sidahmed M, Haidar M. 2010. Conservation versus conventional tillage on performance of three different crops. Agronomy Journal, 102, 269–276.
Zhang H, Lal R, Zhao X, Xue J, Chen F. 2014. Opportunities and challenges of soil carbon sequestration by conservation agriculture in China. Advances in Agronomy, 124, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800138-7.00001-2.
Executive Editor-in-Chief LI Shao-kun
Managing Editor WANG Ning
|No Suggested Reading articles found!