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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2023, Vol. 22 Issue (5): 1338-1350    DOI: 10.1016/j.jia.2022.08.033
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Dry matter production and panicle characteristics of high yield and good taste indica hybrid rice varieties
LI Min1*#, ZHU Da-wei2*, JIANG Ming-jin1, LUO De-qiang1, JIANG Xue-hai1, JI Guang-mei1, LI Li-jiang1, ZHOU Wei-jia1

1 Rice Research Institute, Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guiyang 550006, P.R.China

2 Rice Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, P.R.China

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Indica hybrid rice (Oryza sativa) production aims to achieve two crucial targets: high yield and good taste.  This study selected three types of indica hybrid rice according to grain yield and taste value, including high yield and good taste (HYGT), low yield and good taste (LYGT), and high yield and poor taste (HYPT), to analyze yield components, corresponding growth characteristics, and rice taste quality.  When values were averaged across varieties and years, there were almost no differences in taste value between HYGT and LYGT; HYGT showed a significant increase in yield, owing to a higher number of panicles and spikelets per panicle, with a respective increment of 16.2 and 20.6%.  The higher grain yield of HYGT compared with LYGT was attributed to three key factors: a higher leaf area index (LAI) during heading, a higher ratio of grain to leaf, and a higher biomass accumulation at maturity.  HYGT and HYPT achieved similar high yields; however, HYGT had more panicle numbers and lower grain weight.  In addition, HYGT showed a significantly higher taste value than HYPT, attributed to its significantly lower protein and amylose contents, with reductions of 8.8 and 15.7%, respectively.  Lower protein and amylose contents might be caused by a proper matter translocation from vegetative organs to panicle.  This study suggested that reasonable panicle characteristics and translocation efficiency from vegetative organs to panicle during heading to maturity are the key factors in balancing yield and rice taste quality.  These results will provide valuable insights for rice breeders to improve the grain yield and quality of indica hybrid rice.

Keywords:  indica hybrid rice       grain yield       taste quality       growth characteristics  
Received: 14 March 2022   Accepted: 05 May 2022
Fund: This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFD0300604) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (32160505 and 31901453).
About author:  #Correspondence LI Min, Tel/Fax: +86-851-83762727, E-mail: * These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

LI Min, ZHU Da-wei, JIANG Ming-jin, LUO De-qiang, JIANG Xue-hai, JI Guang-mei, LI Li-jiang, ZHOU Wei-jia. 2023. Dry matter production and panicle characteristics of high yield and good taste indica hybrid rice varieties. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 22(5): 1338-1350.

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