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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2022, Vol. 21 Issue (9): 2508-2520    DOI: 10.1016/j.jia.2022.07.004
Special Issue: 油料作物合辑Oil Crops
Crop Science Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Characterization of the petiole length in soybean compact architecture mutant M657 and the breeding of new lines

GAO Hua-wei1, 2*, SUN Ru-jian1, 2, 3*, YANG Meng-yuan4, YAN Long5, HU Xian-zhong2, FU Guang-hui6, HONG Hui-long1, 2, GUO Bing-fu7, ZHANG Xiang4, LIU Li-ke4, ZHANG Shu-zhen1, QIU Li-juan1, 2

1 Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology, Ministry of Education/College of Agriculture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, P.R.China

2 National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement/Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China

3 Hulun Buir Institution of Agricultural Sciences, Zhalantun 162650, P.R.China

4 College of Life Science, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059, P.R.China

5 Institute of Cereal and Oil Crops, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences/Hebei Laboratory of Crop Genetic and Breeding, Shijiazhuang 050035, P.R.China

6 Suzhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Suzhou 234000, P.R.China

7 Crops Research Institute, Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Nanchang Branch of National Center of Oil Crops Improvement/Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Oil Crops Biology, Nanchang 330200, P.R.China

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本研究建立了叶柄长度检测方法,并对EMS诱变冀黄13获得的高光效新种质M657为材料,于2017-2018年度在北方、黄淮、南方共7个地点进行表型鉴定。与冀黄13相比,M657在北方春、黄淮海夏及南方夏种植时矮化、叶柄短表型稳定,M657株高与叶柄长度显著降低,有效分枝数增加,生育期延长2-7 d,单株粒重、百粒重下降;4个短叶柄新品系的选育为大豆株型改良提供了重要的亲本种质,同时证明了利用矮杆短叶柄新种质M657理想株型为耐密、高产大豆新品种的培育的可行性


Phenotypic screening of soybean germplasm suitable for high planting density is currently the most viable strategy to increase yield.  Previous studies have shown that soybean varieties with dwarf features and a short petiole often exhibit a compact plant architecture which could improve yield through increased planting density, although previously reported short petiole accessions were ultimately not usable for breeding in practice.  Here, we established a method to assess petiole length and identified an elite mutant line, M657, that exhibits high photosynthetic efficiency.  The agronomic traits of M657 were evaluated under field conditions, and appeared to be stable for short petiole across seven locations in northern, Huang–Huai, and southern China from 2017 to 2018.  Compared with the Jihuang 13 wild type, the mutant M657 was shorter in both petiole length and plant height, exhibited lower total area of leaf, seed weight per plant and 100-seed weight, but had an increased number of effective branches and the growth period was prolonged by 2–7 days.  Using M657 as a parental line for crosses with four other elite lines, we obtained four lines with desirable plant architecture and yield traits, thus demonstrating the feasibility of adopting M657 in breeding programs for soybean cultivars of high density and high yield.

Keywords:  soybean        plant architecture        mutant        petiole length        breeding of new lines  
Received: 11 December 2020   Accepted: 01 April 2021
Fund: This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31271753) and the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (ASTIP) of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS-ZDRW202003-1).
About author:  GAO Hua-wei, E-mail:; Correspondence QIU Li-juan, Tel/Fax: +86-10-82105840, E-mail:; ZHANG Shu-zhen, Tel/Fax: +86-451-55191487, E-mail:; LIU Li-ke, Tel/Fax: +86-635-8230735, E-mail: * These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

GAO Hua-wei, SUN Ru-jian, YANG Meng-yuan, YAN Long, HU Xian-zhong, FU Guang-hui, HONG Hui-long, GUO Bing-fu, ZHANG Xiang, LIU Li-ke, ZHANG Shu-zhen, QIU Li-juan. 2022. Characterization of the petiole length in soybean compact architecture mutant M657 and the breeding of new lines. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(9): 2508-2520.

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