|Identification of tolerance to high density and lodging in short petiolate germplasm M657 and the effect of density on yield-related phenotypes of soybean
GAO Hua-wei1, 2, YANG Meng-yuan3, YAN Long4, HU Xian-zhong2, HONG Hui-long1, 2, ZHANG Xiang3, SUN Ru-jian5, WANG Hao-rang6, WANG Xiao-bo7, LIU Li-ke3, ZHANG Shu-zhen1, QIU Li-juan1, 2
1 Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology, Ministry of Education/College of Agriculture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, P.R.China
2 National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
3 College of Life Science of Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059, P.R.China
4 Institute of Cereal and Oil Crops, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences/Hebei Laboratory of Crop Genetic and Breeding, Shijiazhuang 050035, P.R.China
5 Hulun Buir Institution of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Zhalantun 162650, P.R.China
6 Jiangsu Xuhuai Regional Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Xuzhou 221000, P.R.China
7 School of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, P.R.China
Soybean yield has been increased through high planting density, but investigating plant height and petiole traits to select for compact architecture, lodging resistance, and high yield varieties is an underexplored avenue to improve yield. We compared the relationship between yield-related traits, lodging resistance, and petiole-associated phenotypes in the short petiole germplasm M657 with three control accessions over 2017-2018 in four locations of the Huang-Huai region. The results showed M657 exhibited stable and high tolerance to high planting density and resistance to lodging, especially at the highest density (8×105 plants ha-1). Regression analysis showed that shorter petiole length was significantly associated with increased lodging resistance. Yield analysis showed that M657 achieved higher yields under higher densities, especially in the north Huang-Huai region. There are markedly different responses to intra- and inter-row spacing designs among varieties in both lodging and yield related to location and density. Lodging was positively correlated with planting density, plant height, petiole length, and number of effective branches, and negatively correlated with stem diameter, seed number per plant, and seed weight per plant. The yield of soybean was increased by appropriately increasing planting density on the basis of current soybean varieties in the Huang-Huai region. This study provides a valuable new germplasm resource for introgression of compact architecture traits amenable to high yield in high density planting systems and establishes a high-yield model of soybean in the Huang-Huai region.
Received: 15 August 2021
Accepted: 22 December 2021
This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31271753), the Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund, China (S2021ZD02) and the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (ASTIP) of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS-ZDRW202003-1).
|About author: Correspondence QIU Li-juan, E-mail: email@example.com; ZHANG Shu-zhen, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; LIU Li-ke, E-mail: email@example.com
Cite this article:
GAO Hua-wei, YANG Meng-yuan, YAN Long, HU Xian-zhong, HONG Hui-long, ZHANG Xiang, SUN Ru-jian, WANG Hao-rang, WANG Xiao-bo, LIU Li-ke, ZHANG Shu-zhen, QIU Li-juan.
Identification of tolerance to high density and lodging in short petiolate germplasm M657 and the effect of density on yield-related phenotypes of soybean. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 22(2): 434-446.
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