Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (20): 3983-3996.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2022.20.010


Influence of Plastic Film on Agricultural Production and Its Pollution Control

ZHANG JinRui1,2(),REN SiYang1,3,DAI JiZhao4,DING Fan4,XIAO MouLiang5,LIU XueJun1,2(),YAN ChangRong6,GE TiDa5,WANG JingKuan4,LIU Qin6,WANG Kai1,2,ZHANG FuSuo1   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions, Ministry of Education, National Academy of Agriculture Green Development, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2Beijing Key Laboratory of Farmland Soil Pollution Prevention-Control and Remediation, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3School of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2DG, UK
    4College of Land and Environment, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110086, China
    5State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-products, Institute of Plant Virology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    6Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Prevention and Control of Residual Pollution in Agricultural Film, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2021-09-02 Accepted:2021-11-10 Online:2022-10-16 Published:2022-10-24
  • Contact: XueJun LIU;


Plastic film has been widely used in the farmland all over the world especially in arid and semi-arid areas because of its remarkable agricultural benefits, such as increasing soil temperature and moisture, reducing weed and pest damage, extending crop-growing areas, and consequently improving crop yield and quality. However, the degradation rate of plastic film is extremely slow, and the recovery of plastic film is also relatively backward in China, which lead to a large number of plastic debris in the farmland, causing plastic residues and microplastics pollution in the soil environment. Based on literature, investigation and statistical data, this research reviewed and prospects the impact of plastic film on agricultural production and pollution control in China. Plastic residues and microplastics have been reported to change the physical and chemical properties of soil, restrict soil water and nutrient transport, do harm to the growth, development and reproduction of soil animals and plants, change the abundance and community structure of soil microorganisms, and damage the soil health. In the long-term, plastic residues and microplastics pollution will cause a decline in crop yield and quality. Microplastics had the potential to be absorbed by plants, enter the human body through the food chain and pose a threat to human health. In addition, the large specific surface area of microplastics enabled them to become carriers of other pollutants (e.g. heavy metals, pesticides and antibiotics), causing combined pollution to the soil ecological environment. The standard of plastic film production and use in China was gradually being improved, however, there was still a certain gap compared with developed countries and regions. In addition, a sustainable recycling system of plastic film and the policy of preventing plastic residue and microplastics pollution have not been well formed in China, and the study of microplastics pollution in Chinese farmland soil was still very limited. Therefore, it is critical to solve the problem of plastic residues and microplastics pollution in the soil by evaluating the present situation of plastic residues and microplastics pollution in soils, quantifying the effects of microplastics on the soil environment, and evaluating risks of microplastics to the soil ecosystems, as well as exploring the measures of controlling soil plastic residues and microplastics pollution, and formulating relevant policies and regulations of preventing these pollution.

Key words: plastic film mulching, agricultural benefit, plastic residues and microplastics pollution, environmental effect, pollution control

Fig. 1

The plastic film usage and the mulching area from 1991 to 2019 in China"

[1] 殷涛, 何文清, 严昌荣, 刘爽, 刘恩科. 地膜秸秆双覆盖对免耕种植玉米田土壤水热效应的影响. 农业工程学报, 2014, 30(19): 78-87. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.19.010.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.19.010
YIN T, HE W Q, YAN C R, LIU S, LIU E K. Effects of plastic mulching on surface of no-till straw mulching on soil water and temperature. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2014, 30(19): 78-87. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.19.010. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2014.19.010
[2] GAO H H, YAN C R, LIU Q, DING W L, CHEN B Q, LI Z. Effects of plastic mulching and plastic residue on agricultural production: a meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 651: 484-492. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.105.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.105
[3] LIU X, DONG W Y, SI P F, ZHANG Z, CHEN B Q, YAN C R, ZHANG Y Q, LIU E K. Linkage between soil organic carbon and the utilization of soil microbial carbon under plastic film mulching in a semi-arid agroecosystem in China. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 2019, 65(13): 1788-1801. doi: 10.1080/03650340.2019.1578346.
doi: 10.1080/03650340.2019. 1578346
[4] RUÍZ-MACHUCA L M, IBARRA-JIMÉNEZ L, VALDEZ- AGUILAR L A, ROBLEDO-TORRES V, BENAVIDES-MENDOZA A, CABRERA-DE LA FUENTE M. Cultivation of potato-use of plastic mulch and row covers on soil temperature, growth, nutrient status, and yield. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B — Soil & Plant Science, 2015, 65(1): 30-35. doi: 10.1080/09064710.2014.960888.
doi: 10.1080/09064710.2014. 960888
[5] 严昌荣, 何文清, 刘爽. 中国地膜覆盖及残留污染防控. 北京: 科学出版社, 2015.
YAN C R, HE W Q, LIU S. Application of Mulch Films and Prevention of Its Residual Pollution in China. Beijing: Science Press, 2015. (in Chinese)
[6] SUN D B, LI H G, WANG E L, HE W Q, HAO W P, YAN C R, LI Y Z, MEI X R, ZHANG Y Q, SUN Z X, JIA Z K, ZHOU H P, FAN T L, ZHANG X C, LIU Q, WANG F J, ZHANG C C, SHEN J B, WANG Q S, ZHANG F S. An overview of the use of plastic-film mulching in China to increase crop yield and water-use efficiency. National Science Review, 2020, 7(10): 1523-1526. doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwaa146.
doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwaa146 pmid: 34691485
[7] ZHANG D, NG E L, HU W L, WANG H Y, GALAVIZ P, YANG H D, SUN W T, LI C X, MA X W, FU B, ZHAO P Y, ZHANG F L, JIN S Q, ZHOU M D, DU L F, PENG C, ZHANG X J, XU Z Y, XI B, LIU X X, SUN S Y, CHENG Z H, JIANG L H, WANG Y F, GONG L, KOU C L, LI Y, MA Y H, HUANG D F, ZHU J, YAO J W, LIN C W, QIN S, ZHOU L Q, HE B H, CHEN D L, LI H C, ZHAI L M, LEI Q L, WU S X, ZHANG Y T, PAN J T, GU B J, LIU H B. Plastic pollution in croplands threatens long-term food security. Global Change Biology, 2020, 26(6): 3356-3367. doi: 10.1111/gcb.15043.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.15043 pmid: 32281177
[8] ESPÍ E, SALMERÓN A, FONTECHA A, GARCÍA Y, REAL A I. PLastic films for agricultural applications. Journal of Plastic Film & Sheeting, 2006, 22(2): 85-102. doi: 10.1177/8756087906064220.
doi: 10.1177/8756087906064220
[9] JIA P Y, XIA H Y, TANG K H, ZHOU Y H. Plasticizers derived from biomass resources: a short review. Polymers, 2018, 10(12): 1303. doi: 10.3390/polym10121303.
doi: 10.3390/polym10121303
[10] GHOMI E R, KHOSRAVI F, MOSSAYEBI Z, ARDAHAEI A S, DEHAGHI F M, KHORASANI M, NEISIANY R E, DAS O, MARANI A, MENSAH R A, JIANG L, XU Q, FÖRSTH M, BERTO F, RAMAKRISHNA S. The flame retardancy of polyethylene composites: from fundamental concepts to nanocomposites. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 2020, 25(21): 5157. doi: 10.3390/molecules25215157.
doi: 10.3390/ molecules25215157
[11] ANDRADY A L, HAMID H, TORIKAI A. Effects of solar UV and climate change on materials. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences: Official Journal of the European Photochemistry Association and the European Society for Photobiology, 2011, 10(2): 292-300. doi: 10.1039/c0pp90038a.
doi: 10. 1039/c0pp90038a
[12] 孙仕军, 朱振闯, 陈志君, 杨丹, 张旭东. 不同颜色地膜和种植密度对春玉米田间地温、耗水及产量的影响. 中国农业科学, 2019, 52(19): 3323-3336. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.19.004.
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.19.004
SUN S J, ZHU Z C, CHEN Z J, YANG D, ZHANG X D. Effects of different colored plastic film mulching and planting density on soil temperature, evapotranspiration and yield of spring maize. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2019, 52(19): 3323-3336. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.19.004. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2019.19.004
[13] KRUEGER M C, HARMS H, SCHLOSSER D. Prospects for microbiological solutions to environmental pollution with plastics. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2015, 99(21): 8857-8874. doi: 10.1007/s00253-015-6879-4.
doi: 10.1007/s00253-015-6879-4 pmid: 26318446
[14] 中华人民共和国国家统计局. 中国农村统计年鉴. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2020.
State Statistics Bureau. China Rural Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2020. (in Chinese)
[15] 严昌荣, 刘恩科, 舒帆, 刘勤, 刘爽, 何文清. 中国地膜覆盖和残留污染特点与防控技术. 农业资源与环境学报, 2014, 31(2): 95-102. doi: 10.13254/j.jare.2013.0223.
doi: 10.13254/j.jare.2013.0223
YAN C R, LIU E K, SHU F, LIU Q, LIU S, HE W Q. Review of agricultural plastic mulching and its residual pollution and prevention measures in China. Journal of Agricultural Resources and Environment, 2014, 31(2): 95-102. doi: 10.13254/j.jare.2013.0223. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13254/j.jare.2013.0223
[16] 马蕾, 吕金良. 中国农用地膜使用现状及回收机制研究. 农业科技通讯, 2019(11): 19-23.
MA L, LÜ J L. Research on current situation and recycling mechanism of agricultural mulch in china. Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2019(11): 19-23. (in Chinese)
[17] 赵岩, 陈学庚, 温浩军, 郑炫, 牛琪, 康建明. 农田残膜污染治理技术研究现状与展望. 农业机械学报, 2017, 48(6): 1-14. doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.06.001.
doi: 10. 6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.06.001
ZHAO Y, CHEN X G, WEN H J, ZHENG X, NIU Q, KANG J M. Research status and prospect of control technology for residual plastic film pollution in farmland. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2017, 48(6): 1-14. doi: 10.6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.06.001. (in Chinese)
doi: 10. 6041/j.issn.1000-1298.2017.06.001
[18] 国家发展改革委, 生态环境部. 国家发展改革委、生态环境部关于进一步加强塑料污染治理的意见., 2020-1- 16.
National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on further strengthening the management of plastic pollution., 2020-1-16. (in Chinese)
[19] NG E L, LIN S Y, DUNGAN A M, COLWELL J M, EDE S, LWANGA E H, MENG K, GEISSEN V, BLACKALL L L, CHEN D L. Microplastic pollution alters forest soil microbiome. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2021, 409: 124606. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124606.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020. 124606
[20] CHAMAS A, MOON H, ZHENG J J, QIU Y, TABASSUM T, JANG J H, ABU-OMAR M, SCOTT S L, SUH S. Degradation rates of plastics in the environment. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2020, 8(9): 3494-3511. doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06635.
doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06635
[21] LAW K L, THOMPSON R C. Microplastics in the seas. Science, 2014, 345(6193): 144-145. doi: 10.1126/science.1254065.
doi: 10.1126/science.1254065
[22] KUMAR M, XIONG X N, HE M J, TSANG D C W, GUPTA J, KHAN E, HARRAD S, HOU D Y, OK Y S, BOLAN N S. Microplastics as pollutants in agricultural soils. Environmental Pollution, 2020, 265: 114980. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114980.
doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114980
[23] LI L Z, LUO Y M, LI R J, ZHOU Q, PEIJNENBURG W J G M, YIN N, YANG J, TU C, ZHANG Y C. Effective uptake of submicrometre plastics by crop plants via a crack-entry mode. Nature Sustainability, 2020, 3(11): 929-937. doi: 10.1038/s41893-020-0567-9.
doi: 10.1038/s41893-020-0567-9
[24] QI Y L, OSSOWICKI A, YANG X M, HUERTA LWANGA E, DINI-ANDREOTE F, GEISSEN V, GARBEVA P. Effects of plastic mulch film residues on wheat rhizosphere and soil properties. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2020, 387: 121711. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121711.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat. 2019.121711
[25] SELKE S, AURAS R, NGUYEN T A, CASTRO AGUIRRE E, CHERUVATHUR R, LIU Y. Evaluation of biodegradation-promoting additives for plastics. Environmental Science & Technology, 2015, 49(6): 3769-3777. doi: 10.1021/es504258u.
doi: 10.1021/es504258u
[26] 刘凯, 谢英荷, 李廷亮, 张奇茹, 窦露, 柳玉凤, 纪美娟. 地膜覆盖对中国干旱半干旱地区土壤温度及土壤水分的影响. 山西农业科学, 2019, 47(10): 1847-1852. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2481.2019.10.37.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2481.2019. 10.37
LIU K, XIE Y H, LI T L, ZHANG Q R, DOU L, LIU Y F, JI M J. Overview of the effects of plastic film mulching on soil temperature and soil moisture in arid and semi-arid regions of China. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural Sciences, 2019, 47(10): 1847-1852. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2481.2019.10.37. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-2481.2019. 10.37
[27] 王平, 谢成俊, 陈娟, 代立兰, 王国宇, 魏珑. 地膜覆盖对半干旱地区土壤环境及作物产量的影响研究综述. 甘肃农业科技, 2011(12): 34-37. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1463.2011.12.016.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1463.2011.12.016
WANG P, XIE C J, CHEN J, DAI L L, WANG G Y, WEI L. Research on effect of film-covered on the soil environment and crop yield in semi-arid areas. Gansu Agricultural Science and Technology, 2011(12): 34-37. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1463.2011.12.016. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1463.2011.12.016
[28] 杜社妮, 白岗栓. 玉米地膜覆盖的土壤环境效应. 干旱地区农业研究, 2007, 25(5): 56-59.
DU S N, BAI G S. Studies on effects of plastic film mulching on soil environment of maize field. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2007, 25(5): 56-59. (in Chinese)
[29] 霍轶珍, 丁春莲, 王文达, 韩翠莲, 郭彦芬, 李生勇. 黑色地膜覆盖土壤水热效应及对玉米产量的影响. 水土保持研究, 2020, 27(1): 335-339. doi: 10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2020.01.046.
doi: 10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2020.01.046
HUO Y Z, DING C L, WANG W D, HAN C L, GUO Y F, LI S Y. Effects of black plastic film mulching on soil moisture, soil temperature and maize yield. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2020, 27(1): 335-339. doi: 10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2020.01.046. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13869/j.cnki.rswc.2020.01.046
[30] WANG Z Y, LI M X, FLURY M, SCHAEFFER S M, CHANG Y, TAO Z, JIA Z J, LI S T, DING F, WANG J K. Agronomic performance of polyethylene and biodegradable plastic film mulches in a maize cropping system in a humid continental climate. Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 786: 147460. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147460.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv. 2021.147460
[31] 樊廷录, 李永平, 李尚中, 刘世新, 王淑英, 马明生. 旱作地膜玉米密植增产用水效应及土壤水分时空变化. 中国农业科学, 2016, 49(19): 3721-3732. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.19.005.
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.19.005
FAN T L, LI Y P, LI S Z, LIU S X, WANG S Y, MA M S. Grain yield and water use efficiency and soil water changes of dryland corn with film mulching and close planting. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2016, 49(19): 3721-3732. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.19.005. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2016.19.005
[32] 陈林, 杨新国, 翟德苹, 宋乃平, 杨明秀, 候静. 柠条秸秆和地膜覆盖对土壤水分和玉米产量的影响. 农业工程学报, 2015, 31(2): 108-116. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.02.016.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.02.016
CHEN L, YANG X G, ZHAI D P, SONG N P, YANG M X, HOU J. Effects of mulching with Caragana powder and plastic film on soil water and maize yield. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2015, 31(2): 108-116. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.02.016. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.02.016
[33] 范颖丹, 柴守玺, 程宏波, 陈玉章, 杨长刚, 黄彩霞, 常磊, 逄蕾. 覆盖方式对旱地冬小麦土壤水分的影响. 应用生态学报, 2013, 24(11): 3137-3144. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2013.0538.
doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2013.0538
FAN Y D, CHAI S X, CHENG H B, CHEN Y Z, YANG C G, HUANG C X, CHANG L, PANG L. Effects of mulching on soil moisture in a dryland winter wheat field, Northwest China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2013, 24(11): 3137-3144. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2013.0538. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2013.0538
[34] 李尚中, 樊廷录, 王勇, 赵刚, 王磊, 唐小明, 党翼, 赵晖. 不同覆膜集雨种植方式对旱地玉米叶绿素荧光特性、产量和水分利用效率的影响. 应用生态学报, 2014, 25(2): 458-466. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2014.0050.
doi: 10.13287/j. 1001-9332.2014.0050
LI S Z, FAN T L, WANG Y, ZHAO G, WANG L, TANG X M, DANG Y, ZHAO H. Effects of plastic film mulching and rain harvesting modes on chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics, yield and water use efficiency of dryland maize. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2014, 25(2): 458-466. doi: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.2014.0050. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13287/j. 1001-9332.2014.0050
[35] 李小刚, 李凤民. 旱作地膜覆盖农田土壤有机碳平衡及氮循环特征. 中国农业科学, 2015, 48(23): 4630-4638. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2015.23.004.
doi: 10.3864/j.issn. 0578-1752.2015.23.004
LI X G, LI F M. Soil organic carbon balance and nitrogen cycling in plastic film mulched croplands in rainfed farming systems. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2015, 48(23): 4630-4638. doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2015.23.004. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3864/j.issn. 0578-1752.2015.23.004
[36] 解文艳. 旱作褐土覆盖耕作措施对土壤环境的影响及玉米生长的响应[D]. 太原: 太原理工大学, 2015.
XIE W Y. Effect of different mulching methods on soil environment of rainfed cinnamon soil and related maize responses[D]. Taiyuan: Taiyuan University of Technology, 2015. (in Chinese)
[37] 马浩, 郝明德, 郭慧慧, 苏富源, 牛育华. 渭北旱塬不同覆盖措施对小麦产量和水分利用效率的影响. 干旱地区农业研究, 2016, 34(6): 51-57. doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2016.06.08.
doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2016.06.08
MA H, HAO M D, GUO H H, SU F Y, NIU Y H. Effects of different mulching treatments on yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat in Weibei Highland. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2016, 34(6): 51-57. doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2016.06.08. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2016.06.08
[38] 程宏波, 牛建彪, 柴守玺, 常磊, 杨长刚. 不同覆盖材料和方式对旱地春小麦产量及土壤水温环境的影响. 草业学报, 2016, 25(2): 47-57. doi: 10.11686/cyxb2015395.
doi: 10.11686/cyxb2015395
CHENG H B, NIU J B, CHAI S X, CHANG L, YANG C G. Effect of different mulching materials and methods on soil moisture and temperature and grain yield of dryland spring wheat in northwestern China. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 2016, 25(2): 47-57. doi: 10.11686/cyxb2015395. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11686/cyxb2015395
[39] 孙东宝. 北方旱作区作物产量和水肥利用特征与提升途径[D]. 北京: 中国农业大学, 2017.
SUN D B. Yield, water and nutrient use efficiency of dryland crops in Northern China[D]. Beijing: China Agricultural University, 2017. (in Chinese)
[40] 张旭东. 覆膜种植和施肥对半干旱地区资源高效利用及玉米生产持续性的影响机制[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2019.
ZHANG X D. Influencing mechanism of mulch planting and fertilization on the efficient utilization of resources and maize production sustainability in semi-arid areas[D]. Yangling: Northwest A & F University, 2019. (in Chinese)
[41] 周昌明. 地膜覆盖及种植方式对土壤水氮利用及夏玉米生长、产量的影响[D]. 杨凌: 西北农林科技大学, 2016.
ZHOU C M. Effect of different environmental films mulching and cropping patterns on soil water and nitrogen utilization and summer maize growth[D]. Yangling: Northwest A & F University, 2016. (in Chinese)
[42] 侯红波, 刘伟, 李恩尧, 彭佩钦, 李裕元, 任可爱. 不同覆盖方式对红壤坡耕地氮磷流失的影响. 湖南生态科学学报, 2019, 6(1): 16-20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2019.01.003.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2019.01.003
HOU H B, LIU W, LI E Y, PENG P Q, LI Y Y, REN K A. Effect of different mulching methods on nitrogen and phosphorous loss in red soil slopes of dongting lake. Journal of Hunan Ecological Science, 2019, 6(1): 16-20. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2019.01.003. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2019.01.003
[43] ZHANG H Y, LIU Q J, YU X X, LÜ G, WU Y Z. Effects of plastic mulch duration on nitrogen mineralization and leaching in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivated land in the Yimeng Mountainous Area, China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2012, 158: 164-171. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.06.009.
doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.06.009
[44] 吕威, 董黎, 孙宇涵, 李云. 浅谈国内外杂草控制方法. 中国农学通报, 2018, 34(11): 34-39.
LÜ W, DONG L, SUN Y H, LI Y. Weed control methods at home and abroad. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2018, 34(11): 34-39. (in Chinese)
[45] 许树宁, 吴建明, 黄杏, 谢金兰, 罗亚伟, 梁阗, 黄家雍, 李杨瑞. 不同地膜覆盖对土壤温度、水分及甘蔗生长和产量的影响. 南方农业学报, 2014, 45(12): 2137-2142. doi: 10.3969/j:issn.2095-1191.2014.12.2137.
doi: 10.3969/j: issn.2095-1191.2014. 12.2137
XU S N, WU J M, HUANG X, XIE J L, LUO Y W, LIANG T, HUANG J Y, LI Y R. Effects of different plastic films mulching on soil temperature and moisture, and growth and yield of sugarcane. Journal of Southern Agriculture, 2014, 45(12): 2137-2142. doi: 10.3969/j:issn.2095-1191.2014.12.2137. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j: issn.2095-1191.2014. 12.2137
[46] 岳德成, 李青梅, 韩菊红, 柳建伟, 史广亮, 姜延军, 胡冠芳, 贾春虹. 覆膜时期对3种地膜在全膜双垄沟播玉米田应用效果的影响. 灌溉排水学报, 2018, 37(2): 30-37. doi: 10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.2017.0333.
doi: 10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.2017. 0333
YUE D C, LI Q M, HAN J H, LIU J W, SHI G L, JIANG Y J, HU G F, JIA C H. Application effect of three kinds of plastic film mulching in corn field of whole-mulching plastic films on double ridges. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2018, 37(2): 30-37. doi: 10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.2017.0333. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.2017. 0333
[47] 吴治国, 闫军明, 魏晖. 黑色地膜对设施蔬菜防草、控草、降温作用与机理研究. 农业科技通讯, 2013(10): 150-152. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6400.2013.10.055.
doi: 10.3969/j. issn.1000-6400.2013.10.055
WU Z G, YAN J M, WEI H. Study on the effect and mechanism of black mulch on grass control and grass cooling in vegetable facilities. Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology, 2013(10): 150-152. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6400.2013.10.055. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j. issn.1000-6400.2013.10.055
[48] 陈刚, 赵致, 王华磊, 李金玲, 罗春丽, 刘红昌. 地膜覆盖对何首乌生长及其田间杂草防控效果的影响. 山地农业生物学报, 2013, 32(1): 92-94. doi: 10.15958/j.cnki.sdnyswxb.2013.01.012.
doi: 10.15958/j.cnki.sdnyswxb.2013.01.012
CHEN G, ZHAO Z, WANG H L, LI J L, LUO C L, LIU H C. Effect of plastic film mulch on growth of Polygonum multiflorum and weed control in field. Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology, 2013, 32(1): 92-94. doi: 10.15958/j.cnki.sdnyswxb.2013.01.012. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.15958/j.cnki.sdnyswxb.2013.01.012
[49] 李建奇. 地膜覆盖对春玉米产量、品质的影响机理研究. 玉米科学, 2008, 16(5): 87-92, 97.
LI J Q. The mechanism study of the influences of plastics film mulch on grain yield and seed quality of spring maize. Journal of Maize Sciences, 2008, 16(5): 87-92, 97. (in Chinese)
[50] DING F, LI S Y, LÜ X T, DIJKSTRA F A, SCHAEFFER S, AN T T, PEI J B, SUN L J, WANG J K. Opposite effects of nitrogen fertilization and plastic film mulching on crop N and P stoichiometry in a temperate agroecosystem. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2019, 12(4): 682-692. doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtz006.
doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtz006
[51] 赵爱琴, 魏秀菊, 朱明. 基于Meta-analysis的中国马铃薯地膜覆盖产量效应分析. 农业工程学报, 2015, 31(24): 1-7. doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.24.001.
doi: 10.11975/ j.issn.1002-6819.2015.24.001
ZHAO A Q, WEI X J, ZHU M. Meta analysis on impact of plastic film on potato yield in China. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2015, 31(24): 1-7. doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2015.24.001. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11975/ j.issn.1002-6819.2015.24.001
[52] 严昌荣, 何文清, 薛颖昊, 刘恩科, 刘勤. 生物降解地膜应用与地膜残留污染防控. 生物工程学报, 2016, 32(6): 748-760. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.160008.
doi: 10. 13345/j.cjb.160008
YAN C R, HE W Q, XUE Y H, LIU E K, LIU Q. Application of biodegradable plastic film to reduce plastic film residual pollution in Chinese agriculture. Chinese Journal of Biotechnology, 2016, 32(6): 748-760. doi: 10.13345/j.cjb.160008. (in Chinese)
doi: 10. 13345/j.cjb.160008
[53] 葛均筑, 李淑娅, 钟新月, 袁国印, 徐莹, 田少阳, 曹凑贵, 翟中兵, 刘诗晴. 施氮量与地膜覆盖对长江中游春玉米产量性能及氮肥利用效率的影响. 作物学报, 2014, 40(6): 1081-1092. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01081.
doi: 10.3724/SP. J.1006.2014.01081
GE J Z, LI S Y, ZHONG X Y, YUAN G Y, XU Y, TIAN S Y, CAO C G, ZHAI Z B, LIU S Q. Effects of nitrogen application and film mulching on yield performance parameters and nitrogen use efficiency of spring maize in the middle reaches of Yangtze River. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2014, 40(6): 1081-1092. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01081. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3724/SP. J.1006.2014.01081
[54] 刘明春, 邓振镛, 李巧珍, 杨小利, 蒲金涌. 甘肃省玉米气候生态适应性研究. 干旱地区农业研究, 2005, 23(3): 112-117. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7601.2005.03.024.
doi: 10.3321/ j.issn: 1000-7601.2005.03.024
LIU M C, DENG Z Y, LI Q Z, YANG X L, PU J Y. The suitable planting division of corn in Gansu. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2005, 23(3): 112-117. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7601.2005.03.024. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3321/ j.issn: 1000-7601.2005.03.024
[55] FANG H, LI Y N, GU X B, YU M, DU Y D, CHEN P P, LI Y P. Evapotranspiration partitioning, water use efficiency, and maize yield under different film mulching and nitrogen application in northwest China. Field Crops Research, 2021, 264: 108103. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2021.108103.
doi: 10.1016/j. fcr.2021.108103
[56] DE SOUZA MACHADO A A, LAU C W, KLOAS W, BERGMANN J, BACHELIER J B, FALTIN E, BECKER R, GÖRLICH A S, RILLIG M C. Microplastics can change soil properties and affect plant performance. Environmental Science & Technology, 2019, 53(10): 6044-6052. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.9b01339.
doi: 10.1021/acs.est.9b01339
[57] ZHANG G S, ZHANG F X, LI X T. Effects of polyester microfibers on soil physical properties: perception from a field and a pot experiment. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 670: 1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.149.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.149
[58] LI Y Q, ZHAO C X, YAN C R, MAO L L, LIU Q, LI Z, HE W Q. Effects of agricultural plastic film residues on transportation and distribution of water and nitrate in soil. Chemosphere, 2020, 242: 125131. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125131.
doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125131
[59] LEHMANN A, LEIFHEIT E F, GERDAWISCHKE M, RILLIG M C. Microplastics have shape-and polymer-dependent effects on soil aggregation and organic matter loss-an experimental and meta- analytical approach. Microplastics and Nanoplastics, 2021, 1(1): 7. doi: 10.1186/s43591-021-00007-x.
doi: 10.1186/s43591-021-00007-x
[60] HU Q, LI X Y, GONÇALVES J M, SHI H B, TIAN T, CHEN N. Effects of residual plastic-film mulch on field corn growth and productivity. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 729: 138901. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138901.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138901
[61] HU J, HE D, ZHANG X, LI X, CHEN Y, WEI G, ZHANG Y, OK Y S, LUO Y. National-scale distribution of micro(meso)plastics in farmland soils across China: implications for environmental impacts. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2021, 424 (Pt A). doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127283.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127283
[62] 丁凡, 李诗彤, 王展, 冯良山, 赵祥云, 汪景宽. 塑料和可降解地膜的残留与降解及对土壤健康的影响: 进展与思考. 湖南生态科学学报, 2021, 8(3): 83-89. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2021.03.013.
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2021.03.013
DING F, LI S T, WANG Z, FENG L S, ZHAO X Y, WANG J K. Residue and degradation of plastic and degradable mulch in cropland and their effects on soil health: progress and perspective. Journal of Hunan Ecological Science, 2021, 8(3): 83-89. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2021.03.013. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.2095-7300.2021.03.013
[63] 杨杰, 李连祯, 周倩, 李瑞杰, 涂晨, 骆永明. 土壤环境中微塑料污染: 来源、过程及风险. 土壤学报, 2021, 58(2): 281-298. doi: 10.11766/trxb202006090286.
doi: 10.11766/trxb202006090286
YANG J, LI L Z, ZHOU Q, LI R J, TU C, LUO Y M. Microplastics contamination of soil environment: sources, processes and risks. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2021, 58(2): 281-298. doi: 10.11766/trxb202006090286. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11766/trxb202006090286
[64] KIM S W, AN Y J. Soil microplastics inhibit the movement of springtail species. Environment International, 2019, 126: 699-706. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.02.067.
doi: S0160-4120(18)32775-2 pmid: 30875563
[65] KIM S W, WALDMAN W R, KIM T Y, RILLIG M C. Effects of different microplastics on Nematodes in the soil environment: tracking the extractable additives using an ecotoxicological approach. Environmental Science & Technology, 2020, 54(21): 13868-13878. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c04641.
doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c04641
[66] DA COSTA J P, SANTOS P S M, DUARTE A C, ROCHA-SANTOS T. (Nano)plastics in the environment-Sources, fates and effects. Science of the Total Environment, 2016, 566/567: 15-26. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.041.
doi: 10. 1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.041
[67] LAHIVE E, WALTON A, HORTON A A, SPURGEON D J, SVENDSEN C. Microplastic particles reduce reproduction in the terrestrial worm Enchytraeus crypticus in a soil exposure. Environmental Pollution, 2019, 255: 113174. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113174.
doi: 10.1016/j.envpol. 2019.113174
[68] WANG J, LIU X H, LI Y, POWELL T, WANG X, WANG G Y, ZHANG P P. Microplastics as contaminants in the soil environment: a mini-review. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 691: 848-857. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.209.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.209
[69] SOHONI P, SUMPTER J P. Several environmental oestrogens are also anti-androgens. The Journal of Endocrinology, 1998, 158(3): 327-339. doi: 10.1677/joe.0.1580327.
doi: 10.1677/joe.0.1580327
[70] DE SOUZA MACHADO A A, LAU C W, TILL J, KLOAS W, LEHMANN A, BECKER R, RILLIG M C. Impacts of microplastics on the soil biophysical environment. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, 52(17): 9656-9665. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b02212.
doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b02212
[71] JIANG X F, CHEN H, LIAO Y C, YE Z Q, LI M, KLOBUČAR G. Ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of polystyrene microplastics on higher plant Vicia faba. Environmental Pollution, 2019, 250: 831-838. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.055.
doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.055
[72] ASLI S, NEUMANN P M. Colloidal suspensions of clay or titanium dioxide nanoparticles can inhibit leaf growth and transpiration via physical effects on root water transport. Plant, Cell & Environment, 2009, 32(5): 577-584. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01952.x.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01952.x
[73] MA X M, GEISER-LEE J, DENG Y, KOLMAKOV A. Interactions between engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) and plants: Phytotoxicity, uptake and accumulation. Science of the Total Environment, 2010, 408(16): 3053-3061. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.03.031.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.03.031
[74] COX K D, COVERNTON G A, DAVIES H L, DOWER J F, JUANES F, DUDAS S E. Human consumption of microplastics. Environmental Science & Technology, 2019, 53(12): 7068-7074. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.9b01517.
doi: 10.1021/acs. est.
[75] GUO J J, HUANG X P, XIANG L, WANG Y Z, LI Y W, LI H, CAI Q Y, MO C H, WONG M H. Source, migration and toxicology of microplastics in soil. Environment International, 2020, 137: 105263. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105263.
doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105263
[76] HUERTA LWANGA E, MENDOZA VEGA J, KU QUEJ V, CHI J D L A, SANCHEZ DEL CID L, CHI C, ESCALONA SEGURA G, GERTSEN H, SALÁNKI T, VAN DER PLOEG M, KOELMANS A A, GEISSEN V. Field evidence for transfer of plastic debris along a terrestrial food chain. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7: 14071. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14588-2.
doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14588-2 pmid: 29074893
[77] DENG Y F, ZHANG Y, LEMOS B, REN H Q. Tissue accumulation of microplastics in mice and biomarker responses suggest widespread health risks of exposure. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7: 46687. doi: 10.1038/srep46687.
doi: 10.1038/srep46687 pmid: 28436478
[78] GAO M L, LIU Y, SONG Z G. Effects of polyethylene microplastic on the phytotoxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. ramosa Hort). Chemosphere, 2019, 237: 124482.
doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124482
[79] LI Q L, ZENG A R, JIANG X, GU X Y. Are microplastics correlated to phthalates in facility agriculture soil? Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2021, 412: 125164. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125164.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.125164
[80] QI R M, JONES D L, LI Z, LIU Q, YAN C R. Behavior of microplastics and plastic film residues in the soil environment: a critical review. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 703: 134722. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134722.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134722
[81] BROWNE M A, NIVEN S J, GALLOWAY T S, ROWLAND S J, THOMPSON R C. Microplastic moves pollutants and additives to worms, reducing functions linked to health and biodiversity. Current Biology, 2013, 23(23): 2388-2392. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012.
doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.012 pmid: 24309271
[82] WANG J, LI J, WANG Q, SUN Y Z. Microplastics as a vector for HOC bioaccumulation in earthworm Eisenia fetida in soil: importance of chemical diffusion and particle size. Environmental Science & Technology, 2020, 54(19): 12154-12163. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c03712.
doi: 10.1021/acs.est.0c03712
[83] ZHANG S W, HAN B, SUN Y H, WANG F Y. Microplastics influence the adsorption and desorption characteristics of Cd in an agricultural soil. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2020, 388: 121775. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121775.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121775
[84] DONG Y M, GAO M L, LIU X W, QIU W W, SONG Z G. The mechanism of polystyrene microplastics to affect arsenic volatilization in arsenic-contaminated paddy soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2020, 398: 122896. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122896.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122896
[85] ZHOU Y F, LIU X N, WANG J. Characterization of microplastics and the association of heavy metals with microplastics in suburban soil of central China. The Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 694: 133798. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133798.
doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133798
[86] RILLIG M C. Microplastic disguising as soil carbon storage. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, 52(11): 6079-6080. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b02338.
doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b02338
[87] ZHU L X, ZHAO S Y, BITTAR T B, STUBBINS A, LI D J. Photochemical dissolution of buoyant microplastics to dissolved organic carbon: rates and microbial impacts. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2020, 383: 121065. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121065.
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121065
[88] GUO Q Q, XIAO M R, MA Y, NIU H, ZHANG G S. Polyester microfiber and natural organic matter impact microbial communities, carbon-degraded enzymes, and carbon accumulation in a clayey soil. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2021, 405: 124701. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124701.
doi: 10.1016/j. jhazmat.2020.124701
[89] XIAO M L, SHAHBAZ M, LIANG Y, YANG J, WANG S, CHADWICKA D R, JONES D, CHEN J P, GE T D. Effect of microplastics on organic matter decomposition in paddy soil amended with crop residues and labile C: a three-source-partitioning study. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2021, 416: 126221. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126221.
doi: 10.1016/j. jhazmat.2021.126221
[90] GAO B, YAO H Y, LI Y Y, ZHU Y Z. Microplastic addition alters the microbial community structure and stimulates soil carbon dioxide emissions in vegetable-growing soil. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2021, 40(2): 352-365. doi: 10.1002/etc.4916.
doi: 10.1002/etc.4916 pmid: 33105038
[91] SEELEY M E, SONG B, PASSIE R, HALE R C. Microplastics affect sedimentary microbial communities and nitrogen cycling. Nature Communications, 2020, 11(1): 2372. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16235-3.
doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-16235-3 pmid: 32398678
[92] CHEN H P, WANG Y H, SUN X, PENG Y K, XIAO L. Mixing effect of polylactic acid microplastic and straw residue on soil property and ecological function. Chemosphere, 2020, 243: 125271. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125271.
doi: 10.1016/j. chemosphere.2019.125271
[93] 靳拓, 薛颖昊, 张明明, 周涛, 刘宏金, 张凯, 习斌. 国内外农用地膜使用政策、执行标准与回收状况. 生态环境学报, 2020, 29(2): 411-420. doi: 10.16258/j.cnki.1674-5906.2020.02.024.
doi: 10.16258/j.cnki.1674-5906.2020.02.024
JIN T, XUE Y H, ZHANG M M, ZHOU T, LIU H J, ZHANG K, XI B. Research advances in regulations, standards and recovery of mulch film. Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2020, 29(2): 411-420. doi: 10.16258/j.cnki.1674-5906.2020.02.024. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.16258/j.cnki.1674-5906.2020.02.024
[94] CHAE Y, AN Y J. Current research trends on plastic pollution and ecological impacts on the soil ecosystem: a review. Environmental Pollution, 2018, 240: 387-395. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.05.008.
doi: S0269-7491(17)34863-7 pmid: 29753246
[95] EUROPEAN COMMISSION. Circular economy in the eu-record recycling rates and use of recycled materials in the eu., 2019-3-4.
[96] 曲阳. 日本循环管理法制对中国的启示. 法学, 2005(6): 124-128.
QU Y. Japanese recycling management legal system and its implications for China. Law Science, 2005(6): 124-128. (in Chinese)
[97] 于利民. 二战后日本普通废弃物分类回收体系剖析[D]. 苏州: 苏州大学, 2017.
YU L M. Analysis on the classification system of Japanese common garbage recycling after world warⅡ[D]. Suzhou: Soochow University, 2017. (in Chinese)
[98] MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT OF JAPAN. Solid waste management and recycling technology of japan: Toward a sustainable society., 2012-2.
[99] 薛颖昊, 曹肆林, 徐志宇, 靳拓, 贾涛, 严昌荣. 地膜残留污染防控技术现状及发展趋势. 农业环境科学学报, 2017, 36(8): 1595-1600. doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-0298.
doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-0298
XUE Y H, CAO S L, XU Z Y, JIN T, JIA T, YAN C R. Status and trends in application of technology to prevent plastic film residual pollution. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2017, 36(8): 1595-1600. doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-0298. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.11654/jaes.2017-0298
[100] 国务院. 国务院关于印发土壤污染防治行动计划的通知., 2016-5-31.
The State Council. The State Council on the issuance of soil pollution prevention and control action plan notice., 2016-5-31. (in Chinese)
[101] 张斌, 金书秦, 王莉. 生产者责任延伸机制在农膜回收中的可行性探讨. 经济研究参考, 2018(33): 23-33. doi: 10.16110/j.cnki.issn2095-3151.2018.33.005.
doi: 10.16110/j.cnki. issn2095-3151.2018.33.005
ZHANG B, JIN S Q, WANG L. Applicability discussion of extended producer responsibility mechanism on agricultural films recycling. Review of Economic Research, 2018(33): 23-33. doi: 10.16110/j.cnki.issn2095-3151.2018.33.005. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.16110/j.cnki. issn2095-3151.2018.33.005
[102] 胡钰, 刘代丽, 王莉, 万小春. 发达国家农膜使用情况及回收经验. 世界农业, 2019(2): 89-94. doi: 10.13856/j.cn11-1097/s.2019.02.015
doi: 10.13856/j.cn11-1097/s.2019.02.015
HU Y, LIU D L, WANG L, WAN X C. Agricultural film use situation and recycling experience in developed countries. World Agriculture, 2019(2): 89-94. doi: 10.13856/j.cn11-1097/s.2019.02.015. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.13856/j.cn11-1097/s.2019.02.015
[103] 杜欢政, 靳敏. 生产者责任延伸制度的中国实践. 北京: 科学出版社, 2017.
DU H Z, JIN M. Practice extended producer responsibility system in China. Beijing: Science Press, 2017. (in Chinese)
[1] QIN YuQing,CHENG HongBo,CHAI YuWei,MA JianTao,LI Rui,LI YaWei,CHANG Lei,CHAI ShouXi. Increasing Effects of Wheat Yield Under Mulching Cultivation in Northern of China: A Meta-Analysis [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(6): 1095-1109.
[2] Chao MA,YuBao WANG,Gang WU,Hong WANG,JianFei WANG,Lin ZHU,JiaJia LI,XiaoJing MA,RuShan CHAI. Research Progress of Direct Straw Return in Anhui Province over the Last Decade [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2022, 55(18): 3584-3599.
[3] YIN Wen,GUO Yao,FAN Hong,FAN ZhiLong,HU FaLong,YU AiZhong,ZHAO Cai,CHAI Qiang. Effects of Different Plastic Film Mulching and Using Patterns on Soil Water Use of Maize in Arid Irrigated Area of Northwestern China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(22): 4750-4760.
[4] WANG ShuYing,LI XiaoHong,CHENG Na,FU ShiFeng,LI ShuangYi,SUN LiangJie,AN TingTing,WANG JingKuan. Effects of Plastic Film Mulching and Fertilization on the Sequestration of Carbon and Nitrogen from Straw in Soil [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(2): 345-356.
[5] ZHANG ZhanJun,YANG HongWei,FAN ZhiLong,YU AiZhong,HU FaLong,YIN Wen,FAN Hong,GUO Yao,CHAI Qiang,ZHAO Cai. Water-Carrying Potential of No-Tillage with Plastic Film Mulching for 2-Year Coupled with Maize High-Density Planting in Oasis Irrigation Area [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(16): 3406-3416.
[6] MA HongMei,CAO HanBing,XIE YingHe,LI TingLiang,LIU Kai,ZHANG QiRu,JIANG LiWei,CAO Jing,SHAO JingLin,WU WenYue,LI WenQi. Evaluation on Fertilizer Application and Its Economic-Environmental Benefits Associated with Fertilizer Reduction Potential for Dryland Wheat in Loess Plateau of Southern Shanxi Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(13): 2804-2817.
[7] ZHANG WeiLi,ZHANG RenLian,JI HongJie,KOLBE H,CHEN YinJun. A Comparative Study Between China and Germany on the Control System for Agricultural Source Pollution [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(5): 965-976.
[8] ZHANG QiRu,XIE YingHe,LI TingLiang,LIU Kai,JIANG LiWei,CAO Jing,SHAO JingLin. Effects of Organic Fertilizers Replacing Chemical Fertilizers on Yield, Nutrient Use Efficiency, Economic and Environmental Benefits of Dryland Wheat [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(23): 4866-4878.
[9] ZHANG WeiLi,KOLBE H,ZHANG RenLian,JI HongJie. Soil Organic Carbon Management and Farmland Organic Matter Balance Method [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(2): 332-345.
[10] DING Shang,FU Yang,GUO HaoHao,SONG ChenYang,LI BoLing,ZHAO HongWei. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Loads and Their Environmental Effects of Animal Manure in Hainan Island from 1988 to 2018 [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2020, 53(18): 3752-3763.
[11] TONG BingXin, ZHANG HuaFang, GAO XiaoXian, HOU Yong, MA WenQi. Nitrogen Flow and Environmental Effects of Crop-Livestock System in Typical Area of North China Plain-A Case Study in Hebei Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2018, 51(3): 442-455.
[12] ZHANG JianJie, GUO CaiXia, LI LianFen, ZHANG Qiang. Nutrient Flow and Environmental Effects on Crop-Livestock System in Farming-Pastoral Transition Zone - A Case Study in Shanxi Province [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2018, 51(3): 456-467.
[13] LI XiaoLin, ZHENG Yi. Spatial-Temporal Distribution of Nitrogen Nutrient Flow and Environmental Effects of Crop-Livestock System in Yunnan Province
[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2018, 51(3): 481-492.
[14] ZhaoHui LIU, XiaoBin WU, DeShui TAN, Yan LI, LiHua JIANG. Application and Environmental Effects of One-off Fertilization Technique in Major Cereal Crops in China [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2018, 51(20): 3827-3839.
[15] ZHANG YiTao, WANG HongYuan, LEI QiuLiang, ZHANG JiZong, ZHAI LiMei, REN TianZhi, LIU HongBin. Recommended Methods for Optimal Nitrogen Application Rate [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2018, 51(15): 2937-2947.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!