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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2018, Vol. 17 Issue (07): 1605-1611    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61823-9
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Studying the physiological and yield responses of sunflower inbred lines to full and limited irrigation
Nasserghadimi Farshad1, Jahanbakhsh Soodabeh1, Ghaffari Mehdi2, Ebadi Ali1
1 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil 5619911367, Iran
2 Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj 1985713133, Iran
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In order to study the physiological and yield responses of sunflower inbred lines to full and limited irrigation, an experiment was conducted in the growing season of 2014–2015 in the research field of the Agricultural Research Station in Khoi, Iran.  Water withholding was imposed in the flowering stages from R4 (initial flowering) to R6 (full flowering).  The results showed that the main effect of irrigation and inbred lines and the interaction effect between irrigation and inbred lines in terms of the proline and protein contents, the catalase, peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase activities, and seed yield in all inbred lines, and relative water content (RWC) were significant at 1% level.  Water withholding in the flowering stage increased the proline content and the catalase, peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase activities, whereas limited irrigation decreased the protein content and seed yield in all inbred lines and RWC.  The lowest protein content and the highest catalase, peroxidase, and polyphenol oxidase activities were observed in BGK 39 under limited irrigation condition, while BGK 37 revealed the highest proline content in such circumstances.  The highest seed yield was seen in BGK 1 and BGK 375 in full irrigation condition.  Limited irrigation increased the proline content by 49.51%, compared to that of full irrigation condition. 
Keywords:  antioxidants ')" href="#">
antioxidants        catalase        peroxidase        protein        RWC
Received: 18 January 2017   Accepted:
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence Jahanbakhsh Soodabeh, Tel: +98-9143544213, E-mail:    
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Nasserghadimi Farshad
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Nasserghadimi Farshad, Jahanbakhsh Soodabeh, Ghaffari Mehdi, Ebadi Ali. 2018. Studying the physiological and yield responses of sunflower inbred lines to full and limited irrigation. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17(07): 1605-1611.

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