|Potential influence of carbohydrate and amino acid intake by adults on the population dynamics of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
LI Chuan-ming1, 2, XU Jian1, 2, LIU Qin2, HAN Guang-jie1, 2, XU Bin2, YANG Yi-zhong1, LIU Xian-jin3
1 College of Horticulture and Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, P.R.China
2 Institute of Agricultural Sciences for Lixiahe Region in Jiangsu, Yangzhou 225007, P.R.China
3 Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety of Jiangsu Province, Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, P.R.China
Cnaphalocrocis medinalis is a key lepidopteran pest of rice. However, little is known about the nutritional requirements of the adult or the effects of adult-derived nutrients on reproduction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of carbohydrates and amino acids on the reproductive and demographic parameters of C.?medinalis. Different feeding solutions significantly influenced adult survival and reproduction. All the sources of carbohydrates used in the treatments (fructose, glucose, and sucrose) were sufficient to increase adult longevity and fecundity, and benefited the development of ovaries in the adult stage. The positive impact of carbohydrates on lifetime fecundity was due to the prolonged oviposition period and the increased daily fecundity. The intrinsic rate of increase (rm) of C.?medinalis increased from 0.103 in water-fed individuals to approximately 0.138 when adults were fed with solutions containing carbohydrates. In contrast, amino acid intake by adult insects exhibited no effect on the longevity, fecundity, ovarian development or population growth, even showing an impact of decreasing longevity of females. As nectar secreted by the flowering plant is generally rich in sugars, the potential effects of nectar on the adults of C.?medinalis and other pests have to be considered during the development of biological control by applying flowering plants as a microhabitat and food source for natural enemies in rice fields.
Received: 25 March 2020
|Fund: This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (BK20191216), the Jiangsu Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Fund (ZX(17)2002), the International Cooperation and Exchanges Projects of Jiangsu Province (BZ2020039), and the Opening Fund of Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base (028074911709).
Correspondence XU Jian, Tel: +86-514-87637599, E-mail: email@example.com; LIU Xian-jin, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
|About author: LI Chuan-ming, E-mail: email@example.com
Cite this article:
LI Chuan-ming, XU Jian, LIU Qin, HAN Guang-jie, XU Bin, YANG Yi-zhong, LIU Xian-jin.
Potential influence of carbohydrate and amino acid intake by adults on the population dynamics of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(7): 1889-1897.
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