Please wait a minute...
Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (7): 1480-1489    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61184-4
Physiology·Biochemistry·Cultivation·Tillage Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Stand establishment, root development and yield of winter wheat as affected by tillage and straw mulch in the water deficit hilly region of southwestern China
LI Chao-su1, LI Jin-gang2, TANG Yong-lu1, WU Xiao-li1, WU Chun1, HUANG Gang1, ZENG Hui3
1 Crop Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, P.R.China
2 College of Agriculture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang 611130, P.R.China
3 Agricultural Bureau of Jianyang City, Jianyang 621700, P.R.China
Download:  PDF in ScienceDirect  
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract     Good crop stand establishment and root system development are essential for optimum grain yield of dryland wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). At present, little is known about the effect of tillage and straw mulch on the root system of wheat under dryland areas in southwestern China. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three tillage treatments (no-till, NT; rotary till, RT; conventional till, CT) and two crop residue management practices (straw mulch, ML; non-straw mulch, NML) on stand establishment, root growth and grain yield of wheat. NT resulted in lower soil cover thickness for the wheat seed, higher number of uncovered seeds, lower percentage of seedling-less ridges and lower tiller density compared to RT and CT; ML resulted in higher tiller density compared to NML. Straw mulching resulted in more soil water content and root length density (RLD) at most of the growth stages and soil depths. The maximum RLD, root surface area density and root dry matter density were obtained under NT. In the topmost 10 cm soil layer, higher RLD values were found under NT than those under RT and CT. There were no significant differences in the yield or yield components of wheat among the tillage treatments in 2011–2012, but NT resulted in a significant higher yield compared to RT and CT in 2012–2013. Grain yield was significantly higher in ML compared to in NML. A strong relationship was observed between the water-use efficiency and the grain yield. Both NT and ML proved beneficial for wheat in term of maintaining higher tiller density, better soil water status and root growth, leading to a higher grain yield and enhanced water-use efficiency, especially in a low rainfall year.
Keywords:  wheat        tillage        mulch        stand establishment        yield        Triticum aestivum  
Received: 01 July 2015   Accepted:

This work was supported by the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-3) and the Public Welfare Industry (Agriculture) Scientific Research of China (200903010-06).

Corresponding Authors:  TANG Yong-lu, Tel: +86-28-84504601, Fax: +86-28-84504230, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

LI Chao-su, LI Jin-gang, TANG Yong-lu, WU Xiao-li, WU Chun, HUANG Gang, ZENG Hui. 2016. Stand establishment, root development and yield of winter wheat as affected by tillage and straw mulch in the water deficit hilly region of southwestern China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(7): 1480-1489.

Alvarez R, Steinbach H S. 2009. A review of the effects of tillage systems on some soil physical properties, water content, nitrate availability and crops yield in the Argentine Pampas. Soil Tillage Research, 104, 1–15.

Chakraborty S, Luck J, Hollaway G, Freeman A, Norton R, Garrett K A. 2008. Impacts of global change on diseases of agricultural crops and forest trees. CAB Reviews, 3, 054.

Dickin E, Wright D. 2008. The effects of winter waterlogging and summer drought on the growth and yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). European Journal of Agronomy, 28, 234–244.

Fabrizzii K P,  García F O, Costa J L, Picone L I. 2005. Soil water dynamics, physical properties and corn and wheat responses to minimum and no-tillage systems in the southern Pampas of Argentina. Soil & Tillage Research, 81, 57–69.

Gao Y J, Li S X. 2005. Cause and mechanism of crop yield reduction under straw mulch in dryland. Transactions of the CSAE, 21, 15–19.

Govaerts B, Fuentes M, Mezzalama M, Nicol J M, Deckers J, Etchevers J D, Figueroa-Sandoval B, Sayre K D. 2007. Infiltration, soil moisture, root rot and nematode populations after 12 years of different tillage, residue and crop rotation managements. Soil Tillage Research, 94, 209–219.

Govaerts B, Sayre K D, Deckers J. 2005. Stable high yields with zero tillage and permanent bed planting? Field Crops Research, 94, 33–42.

Han B, Li J Z, Wang Y, Ning T Y, Zheng Y H, Shi Z Q. 2007. Effects of soil tillage and returning straw to soil on wheat growth status and yield. Transactions of the CSAE, 23, 48–53.

Izumi Y, Uchida K, Iijima M. 2004. Crop production in successive wheat-soybean rotation with no-tillage practice in relation to the root system development. Plant Production Science, 7, 329–336.

Limon-Ortega A, Govaerts B, Deckers J, Savre K D. 2002. Soil attributes in a furrow-irrigated bed wheat-maize planting system after 12 years. Soil Tillage Research, 63, 123–132.

Lithourgidis A S, Dhima K V, Damalas C A, Vasilakoglou I B, Eleftherohorinos I G. 2006. Tillage effects on wheat emergence and yield at varying seeding rates, and on labor and fuel consumption. Crop Science, 46, 1187–1192.

Machado S, Petrie S, Rhinhart K, Qu A. 2007. Long-term continuous cropping in the Pacific Northwest: Tillage and fertilizer effects on winter wheat, spring wheat, and spring barley production. Soil Tillage Research, 94, 473–481.

Mart?nez E, Fuentes J P, Silva P, Valle S, Acevedo E. 2008. Soil physical properties and wheat root growth as affected by no-tillage and conventional tillage systems in a Mediterranean environment of Chile. Soil Tillage Research, 99, 232–244.

Merrill S D, Black A L, Bauer A. 1996. Conservation tillage affects root growth of dryland spring wheat under drought. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 60, 575–583.

Ministry of Agriculture. 2011. China Agriculture Statistical Report. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Morris N L, Miller P C H, Orson J H, Froud-Williams R J. 2010. The adoption of non-inversion tillage systems in the United Kingdom and the agronomic impact on soil, crops and the environment - A review. Soil Tillage Research, 108, 1–15.

Muñoz-Romero V, Benítez-Vega J, López-Bellido L, López-Bellido R J. 2010. Monitoring wheat root development in a rainfed vertisol. Tillage effect. European Journal of Agronomy, 33, 182–187.

Qin R, Stamp P, Richner W. 2004. Impact of tillage on root systems of winter wheat. Agronomy Journal, 96, 1523–1530.

Tang Y L, Li C S, Wu C, Wu X L, Huang G, Ma X L. 2014. Effects of sowing patterns on establishment quality, grain yield and production benefit of intercropping wheat in hilly countries. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 46, 5089–5097. (in Chinese)

Tang Y L, Wu X L, Li C S, Wu C, Ma X, Huang G. 2013. Long-term effect of year-round tillage patterns on yield and grain quality of wheat. Plant Production Science, 16, 365–373.

De Vita P, Paolo E D, Feccondo G, Fonzo N D, Pisante M. 2007. No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy. Soil Tillage Research, 92, 69–78.

Wuest S B, Albrecht S L, Skirvin K W. 2000. Crop residue position and interference with wheat seedling development. Soil Tillage Research, 55, 175–182.

Xie R Z, Li S K, Li X J, Jing Y Z, Wang K R, Chu Z D, Gao S J. 2007. The analysis of conservation tillage in China - Conservation tillage and crop production: Reviewing the evidence. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 40, 1914–1924. (in Chinese)
[1] CHU Jin-peng, GUO Xin-hu, ZHENG Fei-na, ZHANG Xiu, DAI Xing-long, HE Ming-rong. Effect of delayed sowing on grain number, grain weight, and protein concentration of wheat grains at specific positions within spikes[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(8): 2359-2369.
[2] FAN Ting-lu, LI Shang-zhong, ZHAO Gang, WANG Shu-ying, ZHANG Jian-jun, WANG Lei, DANG Yi, CHENG Wan-li. Response of dryland crops to climate change and drought-resistant and water-suitable planting technology: A case of spring maize[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(7): 2067-2079.
[3] WU Xian-xin, ZANG Chao-qun, ZHANG Ya-zhao, XU Yi-wei, WANG Shu, LI Tian-ya, GAO Li.

Characterization of wheat monogenic lines with known Sr genes and wheat cultivars for resistance to three new races of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in China [J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(6): 1740-1749.

[4] DU Xiang-bei, XI Min, WEI Zhi, CHEN Xiao-fei, WU Wen-ge, KONG Ling-cong. Raised bed planting promotes grain number per spike in wheat grown after rice by improving spike differentiation and enhancing photosynthetic capacity[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(6): 1631-1644.
[5] ZHANG Chong, WANG Dan-dan, ZHAO Yong-jian, XIAO Yu-lin, CHEN Huan-xuan, LIU He-pu, FENG Li-yuan, YU Chang-hao, JU Xiao-tang. Significant reduction of ammonia emissions while increasing crop yields using the 4R nutrient stewardship in an intensive cropping system[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(6): 1883-1895.
[6] ZHAO Xiao-dong, QIN Xiao-rui, LI Ting-liang, CAO Han-bing, XIE Ying-he. Effects of planting patterns plastic film mulching on soil temperature, moisture, functional bacteria and yield of winter wheat in the Loess Plateau of China[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(5): 1560-1573.
[7] ZHANG Zhen-zhen, CHENG Shuang, FAN Peng, ZHOU Nian-bing, XING Zhi-peng, HU Ya-jie, XU Fang-fu, GUO Bao-wei, WEI Hai-yan, ZHANG Hong-cheng. Effects of sowing date and ecological points on yield and the temperature and radiation resources of semi-winter wheat[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(5): 1366-1380.
[8] LI Jiao-jiao, ZHAO Li, LÜ Bo-ya, FU Yu, ZHANG Shu-fa, LIU Shu-hui, YANG Qun-hui, WU Jun, LI Jia-chuang, CHEN Xin-hong. Development and characterization of a novel common wheat–Mexico Rye T1DL·1RS translocation line with stripe rust and powdery mildew resistance[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(5): 1291-1307.
[9] DONG Xiu-chun, QIAN Tai-feng, CHU Jin-peng, ZHANG Xiu, LIU Yun-jing, DAI Xing-long, HE Ming-rong. Late sowing enhances lodging resistance of wheat plants by improving the biosynthesis and accumulation of lignin and cellulose[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(5): 1351-1365.
[10] JIANG Yun, WANG De-li, HAO Ming, ZHANG Jie, LIU Deng-cai.

Development and characterization of wheat–Aegilops kotschyi 1Uk(1A) substitution line with positive dough quality parameters [J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(4): 999-1008.

[11] Sunusi Amin ABUBAKAR, Abdoul Kader Mounkaila HAMANI, WANG Guang-shuai, LIU Hao, Faisal MEHMOOD, Abubakar Sadiq ABDULLAHI, GAO Yang, DUAN Ai-wang. Growth and nitrogen productivity of drip-irrigated winter wheat under different nitrogen fertigation strategies in the North China Plain[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(3): 908-922.
[12] TU Ke-ling, YIN Yu-lin, YANG Li-ming, WANG Jian-hua, SUN Qun. Discrimination of individual seed viability by using the oxygen consumption technique and headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(3): 727-737.
[13] TIAN Jin-yu, LI Shao-ping, CHENG Shuang, LIU Qiu-yuan, ZHOU Lei, TAO Yu, XING Zhi-peng, HU Ya-jie, GUO Bao-wei, WEI Hai-yan, ZHANG Hong-cheng. Increasing the appropriate seedling density for higher yield in dry direct-seeded rice sown by a multifunctional seeder after wheat-straw return[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(2): 400-416.
[14] HU Wen-jing, FU Lu-ping, GAO De-rong, LI Dong-sheng, LIAO Sen, LU Cheng-bin. Marker-assisted selection to pyramid Fusarium head blight resistance loci Fhb1 and Fhb2 in a high-quality soft wheat cultivar Yangmai 15[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(2): 360-370.
[15] Zaid CHACHAR, Siffat Ullah KHAN, ZHANG Xue-huan, LENG Peng-fei, ZONG Na, ZHAO Jun. Characterization of transgenic wheat lines expressing maize ABP7 involved in kernel development[J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2023, 22(2): 389-399.
No Suggested Reading articles found!