Scientia Agricultura Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (3): 536-546.doi: 10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2021.03.008


The Adaptive Analysis of Phthorimaea operculella to Different Potato Tuber Varieties

ZHANG MengDi1(),YAN JunJie1,GAO YuLin1,2()   

  1. 1State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193
    2National Center of Excellence for Tuber and Root Crop Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2020-07-27 Accepted:2020-08-25 Online:2021-02-01 Published:2021-02-16
  • Contact: YuLin GAO;


【Objective】Potato tuberworm (Phthorimaea operculella) is an important pest on potatoes, which seriously affects the quality and value of potatoes. The objective of this study is to clarify the adaptability of P. operculella on different potato tuber varieties, and to provide a basis for screening resistant potato varieties and developing effective integrated pest management strategy.【Method】To evaluate the adaptability of P. operculella on different tuber varieties and screen the high natural-resistance tubers, in this study, four varieties (Xiabodi, Longshu No. 4, Longshu No. 12 and Kexin No. 17) which were planted in a large scale at present were selected as tested materials to determine the development and population parameters of P. operculella on different tuber varieties using an age-stage specific two-sex life table.【Result】There were significant differences in larval stage, pupal stage and female longevity of P. operculella feeding on different tuber varieties. Compared with those fed on Xiabodi, Longshu No. 4 and Longshu No. 12, those fed on Kexin No. 17 exhibited significantly longer larval stage (15.18 d) and pupal stage (8.10 d), and the female longevity (8.46 d) was shorter than the other three varieties. Moreover, the longevity of male was significantly higher than female in a same variety. The fecundity of P. operculella feeding on Xiabodi (235.06 eggs) and Longshu No. 4 (254.48 eggs) was significantly larger than that fed on Kexin No. 17 (165.71 eggs). In addition, there were significant differences among intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (λ), net reproductive rate (R0) and mean generation time (T) of P. operculella feeding on different tuber varieties. The r, λ, R0 values of P. operculella fed on Kexin No. 17 (r=0.108, λ=1.125, R0=26.513) were significantly lower than those on the other three tuber varieties, and T value of P. operculella fed on Kexin No.17 (30.28) was significantly higher than those on the other three tuber varieties. Larvae feeding preference experiments showed that the larvae fed on Xiabodi and Longshu No. 4 in preference to Kexin No. 17. With the increase of age, the selectivity gradually decreased. 【Conclusion】There was a different adaptability of P. operculella among different potato tuber varieties. Xiabodi and Longshu No. 4 are the most suitable hosts, followed by Longshu No. 12, and Kexin No. 17 is the least suitable host. In areas where P. operculella is seriously damaged on potato field system, planting potato varieties with low adaptability can be selected as an important strategy for reducing population of P. operculella in the field.

Key words: potato tuberworm (Phthorimaea operculella), age-stage specific two-sex life table, potato variety, variety adaptability

Table 1

The life history of P. operculella on four potato tuber varieties"

Stage or sex
夏波蒂Xiabodi 龙薯4号Longshu No. 4 龙薯12号Longshu No. 12 克新17号Kexin No. 17 P
n 平均值±标准误
n 平均值±标准误Mean±SE n 平均值±标准误
n 平均值±标准误
Pre-adult duration (d)
卵Egg 150 3.76±0.08a 150 3.59±0.07a 150 3.71±0.05a 150 3.50±0.09a 0.051
幼虫Larva 128 14.14±0.30bc 117 13.52±0.31c 122 14.46±0.19ab 108 15.18±0.09a 6.860×10-5
蛹Pupa 115 7.89±0.13a 104 7.48±0.13b 112 7.28±0.09b 101 8.10±0.06a 3.120×10-7
Adult longevity (d)
Mean longevity
96 15.53±0.65a 95 14.60±0.53a 106 14.02±0.63a 97 13.55±0.39a 0.080
Female adult
38 13.50±0.90a 53 12.11±0.45ab 44 11.00±0.53bc 24 8.46±0.46c 1.620×10-5
雄成虫Male adult 58 16.86±0.86a 42 17.74±0.85a 62 16.29±0.92a 73 15.22±0.29a 0.117
Fecundity (eggs/female)
单雌产卵量(粒) Eggs per female 38 235.06±15.41a 53 254.48±10.08a 44 171.79±11.78b 24 165.71±7.14b 1.790×10-7

Fig. 1

Age-stage specific survival rate (sxj) of P. operculellaon on four potato tuber varieties"

Fig. 2

Age-specific survival rate (lx), female age-specific fecundity (fxj), age-specific fecundity of total population (mx) and age-specific maternity (lxmx) of P. operculella on four potato tuber varieties"

Fig. 3

Age-stage life expectancy (exj) of P. operculella on four potato tuber varieties"

Fig. 4

Age-stage specific reproductive value (vxj) of P. operculella on four potato tuber varieties"

Table 2

Population parameters of P. operculella on four potato tuber varieties"

Population parameter
Longshu No. 4
Longshu No. 12
Kexin No. 17
内禀增长率Intrinsic rate of increase (r) (d-1) 0.135±(1.848×10-5)b 0.157±(1.41×10-5)a 0.134±(1.611×10-5)c 0.108±(2.092×10-5)d 2.000×10-16
周限增长率 Finite rate of increase (λ) (d-1) 1.145±(2.112×10-5)b 1.170±(1.643×10-5)a 1.143±(1.184×10-5)c 1.125±(2.326×10-5)d 2.000×10-16
净增殖率 Net reproductive rate (R0) 56.573±0.030b 92.740±0.035a 48.640±0.022c 26.513±0.016d 2.000×10-16
平均世代时间 Mean generation time (T) (d) 29.85±0.001b 28.87±0.0007d 29.10±0.0005c 30.28±0.0008a 2.000×10-16

Fig. 5

Larvae feeding preference of different P. operculella instars on four potato tuber varieties"

[1] FENEMORE P G. Host-plant location and selection by adult potato moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): A review. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1988,34(3):175-177.
[2] 李秀军, 金秀萍, 李正跃. 马铃薯块茎蛾研究现状及进展. 青海师范大学学报 (自然科学版), 2005(2):67-70.
LI X J, JIN X P, LI Z Y. The present status and developing tendency in Phthorimaea operculella research. Journal of Qinghai Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2005(2):67-70. (in Chinese)
[3] 孙茂林, 李先平, 赵志坚, 杨万林, 段玉云, 李树莲, ENRIQUE C. 云南马铃薯贮存损失的调查和评价. 中国马铃薯, 2002,16(5):263-266.
SUN M L, LI X P, ZHAO Z J, YANG W L, DUAN Y Y, LI S L, ENRIQUE C. The investigation and evaluation on the losses of potato storage in Yunnan. Chinese Potato Journal, 2002,16(5):263-266. (in Chinese)
[4] 高玉林, 徐进, 刘宁, 周倩, 丁新华, 詹家绥, 成新跃, 黄剑, 鲁宇文, 杨宇红. 我国马铃薯病虫害发生现状与防控策略. 植物保护, 2019,45(5):106-111.
GAO Y L, XU J, LIU N, ZHOU Q, DING X H, ZHAN J S, CHENG X Y, HUANG J, LU Y W, YANG Y H. Current status and management strategies for potato insect pests and disease in China. Plant Protection, 2019,45(5):106-111. (in Chinese)
[5] 徐进, 朱杰华, 杨艳丽, 汤浩, 吕和平, 樊明寿, 石瑛, 董道峰, 王贵江, 王万兴, 熊兴耀, 高玉林. 中国马铃薯病虫害发生情况与农药使用现状. 中国农业科学, 2019,52(16):2800-2808.
XU J, ZHU J H, YANG Y L, TANG H, LÜ H P, FAN M T, SHI Y, DONG D F, WANG G J, WANG W X, XIONG X Y, GAO Y L. Status of major diseases and insect pests of potato and pesticide usage in China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2019,52(16):2800-2808. (in Chinese)
[6] GRAF J E. The potato tuber moth. Bulletin of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1917,427:58.
[7] YUAN H G, WU S Y, LEI Z R, RONDON S I, GAO Y L. Sublethal effects of Beauveria bassiana on field populations of the potato tuberworm Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2018,17(4):911-918.
[8] RONDON S I, HANE D C, BROWN C R, VALES M I, DOGRAMACI M. Resistance of potato germplasm to the potato tuberworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 2009,102(4):1649-1653.
[9] MANSOURI S M, FATHI S A A, NOURI-GANBALANI G, RAZMJOU J, NASEIR B, RONDON S I. Screening of Iranian potato germplasm for resistance to the ptato tuberworm Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). American Journal of Potato Research, 2013,90(6):533-540.
[10] COLL M, GAVISH S, DORI I. Population biology of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea opercuella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in two potato cropping systems in Israel. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 2000,90(4):309-315.
doi: 10.1017/s0007485300000432 pmid: 11020789
[11] DOGRAMACI M, TINGEY W M. Comparison of insecticide resistance in a North American field population and a laboratory colony of potato tuberworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Pest Science, 2008,81(1):17-22.
[12] 孙跃先, 李正跃, 桂富荣, 严乃胜, 陈斌, 许若清, 和淑琪. 白僵菌对马铃薯块茎蛾致病力的测定. 西南农业学报, 2004,17(5):627-629.
SUN Y X, LI Z Y, GUI F R, YAN N S, CHEN B, XU R Q, HE S Q. Susceptiblity of Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) larvae to 8 isolates of Beauveria. Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2004,17(5):627-629. (in Chinese)
[13] YAN J J, SHOVON C S, MENG R X, REITZ S, GAO Y L. Potential of Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) as a biological control agent against potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2020,19(2):389-393.
[14] 马艳粉, 胥勇, 肖春. 10种寄主植物挥发物对马铃薯块茎蛾产卵的引诱作用. 中国生物防治学报, 2012,28(3):448-452.
MA Y F, XU Y, XIAO C. Oviposition attraction effect of ten host-plant volatiles on potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 2012,28(3):448-452. (in Chinese)
[15] 桂富荣, 李正跃. 用马铃薯人工饲养马铃薯块茎蛾的方法. 昆虫知识, 2003,40(2):187-189.
GUI F R, LI Z Y. A method for rearing the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella on potato. Entomological Knowledge, 2003,40(2):187-189. (in Chinese)
[16] 马艳粉, 胥勇, 李娜, 李正跃, 何月秋, 肖春. 幼虫密度对马铃薯块茎蛾生长发育及繁殖的影响. 昆虫知识, 2010,47(4):694-699.
MA Y F, XU Y, LI N, LI Z Y, HE Y Q, XIAO C. Effect of larval density on growth, development and reproduction of potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology, 2010,47(4):694-699. (in Chinese)
[17] 王冬妍, 王振营, 何康来, 丛斌. 转Bt基因抗虫玉米对亚洲玉米螟幼虫取食行为的影响. 昆虫知识, 2005,42(3):270-274.
WANG D Y, WANG Z Y, HE K L, CONG B. Feeding behavior of Ostrina furnacalis larvae on transgenic Bt corn expressing Cry1Ab toxin. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology, 2005,42(3):270-274. (in Chinese)
[18] CHI H, LIU H. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Academia Sinica, 1985,24(2):225-240.
[19] CHENG C, HUANG C Y, DAI S M, ATLIHAN R, CHI H. Genetically engineered ricin suppresses Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) based on demographic analysis of group-reared life table. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2016,109(3):987-992.
[20] CHI H. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environmental Entomology, 1988(1):26-34.
[21] GOODMAN D. Optimal life histories, optimal notation, and the value of reproductive value. The American Naturalist, 1982,119(6):803-823.
[22] CHI H. TWOSEX-MSChart: A computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. Taichung, Taiwan: National Chung Hsing University, 2009.
[23] EFRON B, TIBSHIRANI R J. An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Chapman and Hall, New York, 1993.
[24] HUANG Y B, CHI H. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age-specific life tables to insect populations. Insect Science, 2012,19(2):263-273.
[25] CHI H, YANG T C. Two-sex life table and predation rate of Propylaea japonica Thunberg (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) fed on Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Environmental Entomology, 2003,32(2):327-333.
[26] PICKETT J A, WADHAMS L J, WOODCOCK C M. Developing sustainable pest control from chemical ecology. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 1997,64(2):149-156.
[27] GURR G M, SYMINGTON C A. Resistance to the potato tubermoth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), in potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum L.) tubers. Australian Journal of Entomology, 1998,37(1):49-51.
[28] SMITH C M. Plant Resistance to Arthropods. The Netherlands: Springer, 2005.
[29] DOGRAMACI M, TINGEY W M. Host resistance and influence of tuber surface on larval performance of potato tuberworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Journal of Pest Science, 2009,82(2):109-114.
[30] HORGAN F G, QUIRING D T, LAGNAOUI A, PELLETIER Y. Tradeoff between foliage and tuber resistance to Phthorimaea operculella in wild potatoes. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2009,131(2):130-137.
[31] RONDON S I, BROWN C R, MARCHOSKY R. Screening for resistance of potato line to the potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). American Journal Potato Research, 2013,90(1):71-82.
[32] TINGEY W M, LAUBENGAYER J E. Glandular trichomes of a resistant hybrid potato alter feeding behavior of the potato leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 1986,79(5):1230-1234.
[33] PANDA N, KHUSH G S. Host Plant Resistance to Insect. CAB International, 1995.
[34] AWMACK C S, LEATHER S R. Host plant quality and fecundity in herbivorous insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 2002,47:817-844.
[35] MCCORMICK A C, ARRIGO L, EGGENBERGER H, MESCHER M C, DE MORAES C M. Divergent behavioral responses of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) caterpillars from three different subspecies to potential host trees. Scientific Reports, 2019,9(1):8953.
doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45201-3 pmid: 31222054
[36] AKCA I, AYVAZ T, YAZICI E, SMITH C L, CHI H. Demography and population projection of Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae): with additional comments on life table research criteria. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2015,108(4):1466-1478.
doi: 10.1093/jee/tov187 pmid: 26470285
[37] TUAN S J, YEH C C, ATLIHAN R, CHI H, TANG L C. Demography and consumption of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) reared on cabbage and taro. Journal of Economic Entomology, 2015,109(2):732-739.
doi: 10.1093/jee/tov325 pmid: 26578628
[38] ZALUCKI M P, CLARKE A R, MALCOLM S B. Ecology and behavior of first instar larval Lepidoptera. Annual Review of Biochemistry, 2002,47:361-393.
[39] 胡良雄, 何正盛, 张小谷. 猫眼尺蠖在三种女贞属植物上的实验种群两性生命表. 昆虫学报, 2014,57(12):1408-1417.
HU L X, HE Z S, ZHANG X G. Age-stage two-sex life tables of the experimental population of Problepsis superans (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) on three Ligustrum species. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 2014,57(12):1408-1417. (in Chinese)
[40] 秦建洋, 张蕾, 程云霞, 罗礼智, 雷朝亮, 江幸福. 不同温度下东方粘虫年龄-阶段两性实验种群生命表的构建. 植物保护学报, 2017,44(5):729-736.
QIN J Y, ZHANG L, CHENG Y X, LUO L Z, LEI C L, JIANG X F. Age-stage two-sex life table for laboratory populations of oriental armyworm Mythimna separata (Walker) under different temperatures. Journal of Plant Protection, 2017,44(5):729-736. (in Chinese)
[41] 刘江娜, 张爱萍, 王航, 赵亮. 新疆加工马铃薯夏波蒂品种引育及栽培技术要点. 种子, 2018,37(2):109-110.
LIU J N, ZHANG Y P, WANG H, ZHAO L. The main points of breeding and cultivation technique of potato variety Xiabodi from Xinjiang. Seed, 2018,37(2):109-110. (in Chinese)
[42] 盛万民, 张丽娟, 牛志敏, 李庆全, 解艳华, 南相日, 夏善勇, 钱创建. 马铃薯新品种龙薯4号的选育. 中国种业, 2020(3):62-63.
SHENG W M, ZHANG L J, NIU Z M, LI Q Q, XIE Y H, NAN X R, XIA S Y, QIAN C J. Breeding of a new potato variety Longshu No. 4. China Seed Industry, 2020(3):62-63. (in Chinese)
[43] BERNAYS E A, GRAHAM M. On the evolution of host specificity in phytophagous arthropods. Ecology, 1988,69(4):886-892.
[44] GARCIA-ROBLEDO C, HORVITZ C C. Parent-offspring conflicts “optimal bad motherhood” and the “mother knows best” principles in insect herbivores colonizing novel host plants. Ecology and Evolution, 2012,2(7):1446-1457.
[45] 闫俊杰, 张梦迪, 高玉林. 马铃薯块茎蛾生态学、生物学与综合治理. 昆虫学报, 2019,62(12):1469-1482.
YAN J J, ZHANG M D, GAO Y L. Biology, ecology and integrated management of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 2019,62(12):1469-1482. (in Chinese)
[46] HORGAN F G, QUIRING D T, LAGNAOUI A, SALAS A, PELLETIER Y. Periderm- and cortex-based resistance to tuber-feeding Phthorimaea operculella in two wild potato species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2007,125(3):249-258.
[47] FOOT M A. Susceptibility of twenty potato germplasms to the potato tuber moth at Pukekohe a preliminary assessment. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 1976,4(2):239-242.
[48] RAMAN K V, PALACIOS M. Screening potato for resistance to potato tuberworm. Journal of Economic Entomology, 1982,75(1):47-49.
[49] MUSMECI S, CICCOLI R, GIOIA V D, SONNINO A, ARNONE S. Leaf effects of wild species of Solanum and interspecific hybrids on growth and behaviour of the potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella Zeller. Potato Research, 1997,40(4):417-430.
[1] LI Xiang,ZHANG XiaoJiao,XIAO Chun,DONG WenXia. Electroantennogram Responses of Phthorimaea operculella of Different Sexes and Mating States to Potato Volatiles [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(3): 547-555.
[2] CHEN Yang,ZHAO HongYi,YAN JunJie,HUANG Jian,GAO YuLin. Chemical Synthesis View on Sex Pheromones of Potato Tuberworm (Phthorimaea operculella) [J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2021, 54(3): 556-572.
[3] YANG Yan-li,XIAO Lang-tao,HU Xian-qi. Study on the Relationship Between the Toxin of Phytophthora Infestans and Resistance of Potato
[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2009, 42(6): 2202-2210 .
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!