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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (10): 2581-2591    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(21)63627-4
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Triple bottom-line consideration of sustainable plant disease management: From economic, sociological and ecological perspectives
  HE Dun-chun1, 2, Jeremy J. BURDON3, XIE Lian-hui2, Jiasui ZHAN4
1 Institute of Eco-technological Economics, School of Economics and Trade, Fujian Jiangxia University, Fuzhou 350108, P.R.China 
2 Fujian Key Lab of Plant Virology, Institute of Plant Virology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, P.R.China 
3 CSIRO Agriculture, Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia 
4 Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala 75007, Sweden
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Plant disease management plays an important role in achieving the sustainable development goals of the United Nations (UN) such as food security, human health, socio-economic improvement, resource conservation and ecological resilience.  However, technologies available are often limited due to different interests between producers and society and lacks of proper understanding of economic thresholds and the complex interactions among ecology, productivity and profitability.  A comprehensive synergy and conflict evaluation of economic, sociological and ecological effects with technologies, productions and evolutionary principles as main components should be used to guide sustainable disease management that aims to mitigate crop and economic losses in the short term while maintaining functional farm ecosystem in the long term.  Consequently, there should be an increased emphasis on technology development, public education and information exchange among governments, researchers, producers and consumers to broaden the options for disease management in the future.

Keywords:  plant disease management        agricultural sustainability        disease economics        food security        resource conservation  
Received: 07 September 2020   Accepted:

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (72073028) and the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (2018J01707).

Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence XIE Lian-hui, Tel: +86-591-83789439, E-mail:; Jiasui ZHAN, Tel: +46-18-672369, E-mail:   
About author:  HE Dun-chun, Tel: +86-591-23531410, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

HE Dun-chun, Jeremy J. BURDON, XIE Lian-hui, Jiasui ZHAN. 2021. Triple bottom-line consideration of sustainable plant disease management: From economic, sociological and ecological perspectives. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(10): 2581-2591.

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