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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2017, Vol. 16 Issue (12): 2945-2962    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61814-8
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Air pollution, food production and food security: A review from the perspective of food system
Feifei Sun1, DAI Yun2, Xiaohua Yu1
1 Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, University of Goettingen, Goettingen 37073, Germany
2 Lingnan College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, P.R.China
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Abstract  Air pollution negatively impacts food security.  This paper reviews the current literature on the relationship between air pollution and food security from the perspective of food system.  It highlights that agricultural emissions which substantially contribute to air pollution could happen at every stage along the food supply chain.  Meanwhile, air pollution can not only affect plant growth and animal health but also shift market equilibrium of both agro-inputs and outputs in the food supply chain and thereby affect food security indirectly.  Furthermore, this study evaluates the effects of agricultural policy and energy policy on food security and air pollution, respectively, and provides an overview of potential policy instruments to reduce air pollution while ensuring food security.  Finally, we identify the remaining research and policy issues for further studies, mainly focusing on the study of household’s bounded rational behaviors and the issue of rural aging population.  
Keywords:  air pollution        food production        food security        food chain        bioenergy  
Received: 17 October 2017   Accepted: 08 December 2017

The funding supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, 71473123 and 71633005) and the German Research Foundation (DFG, RTG1666) are acknowledged.

Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence Xiaohua Yu, Tel: +49-551-39-19574, E-mail:   
About author:  Feifei Sun, E-mail:

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Feifei Sun, DAI Yun, Xiaohua Yu. 2017. Air pollution, food production and food security: A review from the perspective of food system. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16(12): 2945-2962.

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