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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2022, Vol. 21 Issue (3): 597-609    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63457-8
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Cotton cultivation technology with Chinese characteristics has driven the 70-year development of cotton production in China
FENG Lu1, CHI Bao-jie2, 3, DONG He-zhong2
1 Zhengzhou Research Base, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, School of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, P.R.China
2 Cotton Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, P.R.China
3 College of Agricultural Science and Technology, Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University, Jinan 250100, P.R.China
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1949年中华人民共和国成立以来,我国棉花生产取得了巨大成就。连续33年(1983- 2015年)保持世界第一产棉大国地位,年均棉花单产和总产分别增长3.5%3.9%。棉花生产为国民经济发展人民生活水平提高发挥了无可替代的作用。尽管近年来棉花种植面积有所减少,但由于单产的不断提高,总产保持相对稳定国棉花生产一直占据世界主导地位,无疑归功于70多年来棉花栽培技术的进步和发展。中国建立了特色鲜明、符合人多地少国情的棉花高产栽培技术模式;而且与时俱进,不断创新和发展。本文回顾了70多年来我国棉花生产和栽培技术的发展历程,重点阐述了中国特色棉花栽培技术的创新与发展,旨在为我国棉花栽培技术的进一步创新发展提供指导,也为其他国家棉花栽培技术的发展提供参考。

Abstract  Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, significant achievements have been made in cotton production in China.  China has maintained its position as the world’s largest cotton producer for 33 years (1983–2015), with average annual increases of 3.5 and 3.9% in the unit yield and total output of cotton, respectively.  Cotton production has played an extremely important role in the development of the national economy and the improvement of living standards.  Although the cotton planting area has been reduced in recent years, the total output has remained relatively unchanged due to the continuous increase in the unit yield.  China’s dominant position in global cotton production is undoubtedly attributed to the progress and development of cotton cultivation technology.  Over the past 70 years, China has established a high-yielding and high-efficiency cotton cultivation mode that corresponds to its national conditions, including a large population and a limited land area.  Furthermore, cotton cultivation technology is constantly being innovated and developed to keep pace with the times.  In this paper, we review the development of cotton production and cultivation in China over the past 70 years, with a particular focus on the innovation and development of cotton cultivation technology with Chinese characteristics.  This review is intended to provide guidance for the sustainable development of China’s cotton production in the future and to provide a reference for global cotton production.

Keywords:  China       cotton       cultivation technology       outlook  
Received: 15 May 2020   Accepted: 02 October 2020
Fund: This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFD1000900), the Special Fund for Taishan Scholars Project in Shandong Province, China (tspd20150213) and the China Agriculture Research System of MOF and MARA (CARS-15-15). 
About author:  Correspondence DONG He-zhong, E-mail:

Cite this article: 

FENG Lu, CHI Bao-jie, DONG He-zhong. 2022. Cotton cultivation technology with Chinese characteristics has driven the 70-year development of cotton production in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(3): 597-609.

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