Allakhverdiev S I, Nishiyama Y, Suzuki I, Tasaka Y, Murata N. 1999. Genetic engineering of the unsaturation of fatty acids in membrane lipids alters the tolerance of Synechocystis to salt stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96, 5862–5867.
Allakhverdiev S I, Sakamoto A, Nishiyama Y, Inaba M, Murata N. 2000a. Ionic and osmotic effects of NaCl-induced inactivation of photosystems I and II in Synechococcus sp. Plant Physiology, 123, 1047–1056.
Allakhverdiev S I, Sakamoto A, Nishiyama Y, Murata N. 2000b. Inactivation of photosystems I and II in response to osmotic stress in Synechococcus. Contribution of water channels. Plant Physiology, 122, 1201–1208.
Almansouri M, Kinet J M, Lutts S. 2001. Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Plant & Soil, 231, 243–254.
Apse M P, Aharon G S, Snedden W A, Blumwald E. 1999. Salt tolerance conferred by overexpression of avacuolar Na+/H+ antiport in Arabidopsis. Science, 285, 1256–1258.
Bao A K, Du B Q, Touil L, Kang P, Wang Q L, Wang S M. 2015. Co-expression of tonoplast Cation/H antiporter and H-pyrophosphatase from xerophyte Zygophyllum xanthoxylum improves alfalfa plant growth under salinity, drought and field conditions. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 14, 964–975.
Barkla B J, Pantoja O. 1996. Physiology of ion transport across the tonoplast of higher plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 47, 159–184.
Bassil E, Blumwald E. 2014. The ins and outs of intracellular ion homeostasis: NHX-type cation/H(+) transporters. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 22, 1–6.
Bassil E, Coku A, Blumwald E. 2012. Cellular ion homeostasis: emerging roles of intracellular NHX Na+/H+ antiporters in plant growth and development. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63, 5727–5740.
Blumwald E. 2000. Sodium transport and salt tolerance in plants. Current Opinion in Cell Biology, 12, 431–434.
Blumwald E, Aharon G, Apse M. 2000. Sodium transport in plant cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes, 1465, 140–151.
Blumwald E, Poole R. 1985. Na+/H+ antiport in isolated tonoplast vesicles from storage tissue of Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiology, 78, 163–167.
Boyer J S. 1982. Plant productivity and environment. Science, 218, 443–448.
Brini F, Hanin M, Mezghani I, Berkowitz G, Masmoudi K. 2007. Overexpression of wheat Na+/H+ antiporter TNHX1 and H+-pyrophosphatase TVP1 improve salt- and drought-stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana plants. Journal of Experimental Botany, 58, 301–308.
Chen H, An R, Tang J H, Cui X H, Hao F S, Chen J, Wang X C. 2007. Over-expression of a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter gene improves salt tolerance in an upland rice. Molecular Breeding, 19, 215–225.
Deinlein U, Stephan A B, Horie T, Luo W, Xu G, Schroeder J I. 2014. Plant salt-tolerance mechanisms. Trends in Plant Science, 19, 371–379.
Draper H H, Squires E J, Mahmoodi H, Wu J, Agarwal S, Hadley M. 1993. A comparative evaluation of thiobarbituric acid methods for the determination of malondialdehyde in biological materials. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 15, 353–363.
Flowers T J, Munns R, Colmer T D. 2015. Sodium chloride toxicity and the cellular basis of salt tolerance in halophytes. Annals of Botany, 115, 419–431.
Gálvez F J, Baghour M, Hao G P, Cagnac O, Rodríguez-Rosales M P, Venema K. 2012. Expression of LeNHX isoforms in response to salt stress in salt sensitive and salt tolerant tomato species. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry, 51, 109–115.
Gao X, Ren Z, Zhao Y, Zhang H. 2003. Overexpression of SOD2 increases salt tolerance of Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology, 133, 1873–1881.
Gaxiola R A, Rao R, Sherman A, Grisafi P, Alper S, Fink G R. 1999. The Arabidopsis thaliana proton transporters, AtNhx1 and Avp1, can function in cation detoxification in yeast. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96, 1480–1485.
Greenway H, Munns R. 1980. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 31, 149–190.
Hasegawa P M, Bressan R A, Zhu J K, Bohnert H J. 2000. Plant cellular and molecular responses to high salinity. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 51, 463–499.
Hassidim M, Braun Y, Lerner H R, Reinhold L. 1990. Na+/H+ and K+/H+ antiport in root membrane vesicles isolated from the halophyte Atriplex and the glycophyte cotton. Plant Physiology, 94, 1795–1801.
He C, Yan J, Shen G, Fu L, Holaday A S, Auld D, Blumwald E, Zhang H. 2005. Expression of an Arabidopsis vacuolar sodium/proton antiporter gene in cotton improves photosynthetic performance under salt conditions and increases fiber yield in the field. Plant & Cell Physiology, 46, 1848–1854.
Jha B, Mishra A, Jha A, Joshi M. 2013. Developing transgenic Jatropha using the SbNHX1 gene from an extreme halophyte for cultivation in saline wasteland. PLoS ONE, 8, e71136.
Jia A M, Zhang L, Jiang Q, Chong H U, Liu J, University S A. 2015. Study on transformation of 2mG_2-epsps gene into immature embryos of maize inbred-line 18–599R by Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University, 3, 245–250. (in Chinese)
Li J Y, Jiang G Q, Huang P, Ma J, Zhang F C. 2007. Overexpression of the Na+/H+ antiporter gene from Suaeda salsa confers cold and salt tolerance to transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture, 90, 41–48.
Lin Y, Zhang C, Lan H, Gao S, Liu H, Liu J, Cao M, Pan G, Rong T, Zhang S. 2014. Validation of potential reference genes for qPCR in maize across abiotic stresses, hormone treatments, and tissue types. PLoS ONE, 9, e95445.
Liu P, Yang G D, Li H, Zheng C C, Wu C A. 2010. Overexpression of NHX1s in transgenic Arabidopsis enhances photoprotection capacity in high salinity and drought conditions. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 32, 81–90.
Lu W, Guo C, Li X, Duan W, Ma C, Zhao M, Gu J, Du X, Liu Z, Xiao K. 2014. Overexpression of TaNHX3, a vacuolar Na+/H+
antiporter gene in wheat, enhances salt stress tolerance in tobacco by improving related physiological processes. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry, 76, 17–28.
Ma X L, Zhang Q, Shi H Z, Zhu J K, Zhao Y X, Ma C L, Zhang H. 2004. Molecular cloning and different expression of a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter gene in Suaeda salsa under salt stress. Biologia Plantarum, 48, 219–225.
Maathuis F J M, Amtmann A. 1999. K+ nutrition and Na+ toxicity: The basis of cellular K+/Na+ ratios. Annals of Botany, 84, 123–133.
Masaru O, Yasuyuki H, Asae N, Akira H, Akira T, Tatsunosuke N, Takahiko H. 2002. Introduction of a antiporter gene for Atriplex gmelini confer salt tolerance to rice. FEBS Letters, 532, 279–282.
Mishra S, Alavilli H, Lee B H, Panda S K, Sahoo L. 2014. Cloning and functional characterization of a vacuolar Na+/H+
antiporter gene from mungbean (VrNHX1) and its ectopic expression enhanced salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS ONE, 9, e106678.
Nass R, Rao R. 1999. The yeast endosomal Na+/H+ exchanger, Nhx1, confers osmotolerance following acute hypertonic shock. Microbiology, 145, 3221–3228.
Niu X, Bressan R A, Hasegawa P M, Pardo J M. 1995. Ion homeostasis in NaCl stress environments. Plant Physiology, 109, 735–742.
Qiu N W, Chen M, Guo J R, Bao H Y, Ma X L, Wang B S. 2007. Coordinate up-regulation of VH+-ATPase and vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter as a response to NaCl treatment in a C3 halophyte Suaeda salsa. Plant Science, 172, 1218–1225.
Qiu Q S. 2016. Plant endosomal NHX antiporters: Activity and function. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 11, e1147643.
Rea P A, Sanders D. 1987. Tonoplast energization two H+ pumps one membrane. Physiologia Plantarum, 71, 131–141.
Rodriguez-Rosales M P, Galvez F J, Huertas R, Aranda M N, Baghour M, Cagnac O, Venema K. 2009. Plant NHX cation/proton antiporters. Plant Signaling & Behavior, 4, 265–276.
Serrano R, Montesinos C. 1999. A glimpse of the mechanisms of ion homeostasis during salt stress. Journal of Experimental Botany, 50, 1023–1036.
Shabala S, Cuin T. 2007. Potassium transport and plant salt tolerance. Physiologia Plantarum, 133, 651–669.
Sun Q Q, Zhang Y, Rong T Z, Dong S T, Zuo Z P. 2007. Transfer and detection of barstar gene to maize inbred line 18-599 (White) by particle bombardment. Agricultural Sciences in China, 6, 652–656.
Venema K, Quintero F J, Pardo J M, Donaire J P. 2002. The arabidopsis Na+/H+ exchanger AtNHX1 catalyzes low affinity Na+ and K+ transport in reconstituted liposomes. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277, 2413–2418.
Wang B, Luttge U, Ratajczak R. 2001. Effects of salt treatment and osmotic stress on V-ATPase and V-PPase in leaves of the halophyte Suaeda salsa. Journal of Experimental Botany, 52, 2355–2365.
Wei Q, Guo Y J, Cao H M, Kuai B K. 2011. Cloning and characterization of an AtNHX2 -like Na+/H+ antiporter gene from Ammopiptanthus mongolicus (Leguminosae) and its ectopic expression enhanced drought and salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture, 105, 309–316.
Wu L, Fan Z, Guo L, Li Y, Chen Z L, Qu L J. 2005. Overexpression of the bacterial nhaA gene in rice enhances salt and drought tolerance. Plant Science, 168, 297–302.
Xu K, Hong P, Luo L J, Xia T. 2009. Overexpression of AtNHX1, a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter from Arabidopsis thalina, in Petunia hybrida enhances salt and drought tolerance. Journal of Plant Biology, 52, 453–461.
Yarra R, He S J, Abbagani S, Ma B, Bulle M, Zhang W K. 2012. Overexpression of a wheat Na+/H+ antiporter gene (TaNHX2) enhances tolerance to salt stress in transgenic tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture, 111, 49–57.
Yenush L. 2016. Potassium and sodium transport in yeast. Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology, 892, 187–228.
Yin X Y, Yang A F, Zhang K W, Zhang J R. 2004. Production and analysis of transgenic maize with improved salt tolerance by the introduction of AtNHX1 gene. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 46, 854–861.
Zhang H X, Blumwald E. 2001. Transgenic salt-tolerant tomato plants accumulate salt in foliage but not in fruit. Nature Biotechnology, 19, 765–768.
Zhang H X, Hodson J N, Williams J P, Blumwald E. 2001. Engineering salt-tolerant Brassica plants: Characterization of yield and seed oil quality in transgenic plants with increased vacuolar sodium accumulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98, 12832–12836.
Zhang Y, Zhang H, Liu Z, Li H, Guo X, Li G. 2015. The wheat NHX antiporter gene TaNHX2 confers salt tolerance in transgenic alfalfa by increasing the retention capacity of intracellular potassium. Plant Molecular Biology, 87, 317–327.
Zhao F Y, Wang Z L, Zhang Q, Zhao Y X, Zhang H. 2006. Analysis of the physiological mechanism of salt-tolerant transgenic rice carrying a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter gene from Suaeda salsa. Journal of Plant Research, 119, 95–104.
Zhao K F, Fan H, Song J, Sun M X, Wang B Z. 2005. Two Na+ and Cl– hyperaccumulators of the Chenopodiaceae. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 47, 311–318.
Zhou S F, Zhang Z M, Tang Q L, Lan H, Li Y X, Luo P. 2011. Enhanced V-ATPase activity contributes to the improved salt tolerance of transgenic tobacco plants overexpressing vacuolar Na+/H+ antiporter AtNHX1. Biotechnology Letters, 33, 375–380.
Zhu J K. 2001. Plant salt tolerance. Trends in Plant Science, 6, 66–71.
Zhu J K. 2003. Regulation of ion homeostasis under salt stress. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 6, 441–445.
Zorb C, Noll A, Karl S, Leib K, Yan F, Schubert S. 2005. Molecular characterization of Na+/H+ antiporters (ZmNHX) of maize (Zea mays L.) and their expression under salt stress. Journal of Plant Physiology, 162, 55–66.