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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2017, Vol. 16 Issue (10): 2346-2356    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61699-X
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The impact of Bt cotton adoption on the stability of pesticide use
QIAO Fang-bin1, HUANG Ji-kun2, WANG Shu-kun3, LI Qiang4
1 China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
2 China Center for Agricultural Policy, School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P.R.China
3 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, P.R.China
4 School of Economics & Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, P.R.China
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Abstract  Even though the impact of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton on pesticide use has been well documented, all previous studies focus on the mean value of pesticide use.  Using seven unique waves of panel data collected between 1999 and 2012 in China, we show that Bt cotton adoption has not only caused a reduction of the mean value of pesticide use, but also a reduction of the standard deviation of pesticide use.  We conclude that Bt technology adoption has also contributed to the stability of pesticide use in cotton production.  We believe that this contribution is theoretically and practically relevant because of the long length of our unique dataset.
Keywords:  stability        pesticide use        Bt cotton        household panel data        China  
Received: 18 January 2017   Accepted:

The authors acknowledge the financial supports of the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (71773150, 71273290 and 71333013) and GM Variety Development Special Program (2016ZX08015-001).

Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence QIAO Fang-bin, Tel: +86-10-62288295, Fax: +86-10-62288951, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

QIAO Fang-bin, HUANG Ji-kun, WANG Shu-kun, LI Qiang. 2017. The impact of Bt cotton adoption on the stability of pesticide use. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 16(10): 2346-2356.

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