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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (4): 716-725    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61099-1
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Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in China—Yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems
WANG Na1, 2*, Joost Wolf1*, ZHANG Fu-suo2
1 Plant Production Systems, Department of Plant Sciences, Wageningen University, 6700 AK Wageningen, The Netherlands 2 Center for Resources, Environment and Food Security, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, P.R.China
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摘要  China is in a dominant position in apple production globally with both the largest apple growing area and the largest export of fresh apple fruits. However, the annual productivity of China’s apple is significantly lower than that of other dominant apple producing countries. In addition, apple production is based on excessive application of chemical fertilizers and the nutrient use efficiency (especially nitrogen) is therefore low and the nutrient emissions to the environment are high. Apple production in China is considerably contributes to farmers’ incomes and is important as export product. There is an urgent need to enhance apple productivity and improve nutrient use efficiencies in intensive apple production systems in the country. These can be attained by improved understanding of production potential, yield gaps, nutrient use and best management in apple orchards. To the end, priorities in research on apple production systems and required political support are described which may lead to more sustainable and environmental-friendly intensification of apple production in China.

Abstract  China is in a dominant position in apple production globally with both the largest apple growing area and the largest export of fresh apple fruits. However, the annual productivity of China’s apple is significantly lower than that of other dominant apple producing countries. In addition, apple production is based on excessive application of chemical fertilizers and the nutrient use efficiency (especially nitrogen) is therefore low and the nutrient emissions to the environment are high. Apple production in China is considerably contributes to farmers’ incomes and is important as export product. There is an urgent need to enhance apple productivity and improve nutrient use efficiencies in intensive apple production systems in the country. These can be attained by improved understanding of production potential, yield gaps, nutrient use and best management in apple orchards. To the end, priorities in research on apple production systems and required political support are described which may lead to more sustainable and environmental-friendly intensification of apple production in China.
Keywords:  apple production       China       environmental problems       nutrient use efficiency       potential yield       sustainable intensification       yield gaps  
Received: 10 February 2015   Accepted: 07 April 2016
Fund: 

The research was initiated within the project “Cash Crops Research Network of China” of the Center for Resources, Environment and Food Security, China Agricultural University.

Corresponding Authors:  ZHANG Fu-suo, Tel: +86-10-62732499, Fax: +86-10-62891016, E-mail: zhangfs@cau.edu.cn     E-mail:  zhangfs@cau.edu.cn
About author:  WANG Na, E-mail: ranwangna@126.com, na.wang@wur.nl

Cite this article: 

WANG Na, Joost Wolf, ZHANG Fu-suo. 2016. Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in China—Yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(4): 716-725.

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