|The roles of microRNAs in regulating root formation and growth in plants
|YAN Xiao-xiao, LIU Xiang-yang, CUI Hong, ZHAO Ming-qin
|College of Tobacco Science, Henan Agricultural University/National Tobacco Cultivation and Physiology and Biochemistry Research Center/Key Laboratory for Tobacco Cultivation of Tobacco Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, P.R.China
Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (ca. 20–24 nucleotides) non-coding RNAs that have recently been recognized as key post-transcriptional modulators of gene expression; and they are involved in many biological processes in plants, such as root growth and development. The miRNAs regulate root elongation, lateral root (LR) formation and adventitious root (AR) development in response to hormone signaling, nutrient uptake and biotic/abiotic stress. This review provides multiple perspectives on the involvement of miRNAs in regulating root growth and development in plants. We also discuss several crucial mechanisms of miRNAs, their relationships with transcription factors and the target gene-mediated hormone signaling interactions in the regulation of root growth and development.
Received: 01 May 2021
Accepted: 06 August 2021
|Fund: This work was funded by the Science and Technology Department of Henan Province, China (212102110046), the State Tobacco Monopoly Administration of China (110202101005 (JY-05)), the Science and Technology Project of China National Tobacco Corporation Henan Tobacco Company, China (2018410000270095), and the Undergraduate Innovation and Entrepreneurship Project of Henan Province, China (202110466042).
|About author: YAN Xiao-xiao, Tel: +86-371-63555763, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Correspondence CUI Hong, Tel: +86-371-63555763, E-mail: email@example.com; ZHAO Ming-qin, Tel: +86-371-63555763, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article:
YAN Xiao-xiao, LIU Xiang-yang, CUI Hong, ZHAO Ming-qin.
The roles of microRNAs in regulating root formation and growth in plants. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(4): 901-916.
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