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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2020, Vol. 19 Issue (6): 1482-1491    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62785-1
Special Focus: Physiology and interaction of insects with environmental factors Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Proboscipedia and Sex combs reduced are essential for embryonic labial palpus specification in Bombyx mori
ZHANG Ru1, 2, ZHANG Zhong-jie2, YU Ye2, HUANG Yong-ping2, QIAN Ai-rong1, TAN An-jiang2  
1 Faculty of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, P.R.China
2 Key Laboratory of Insect Developmental and Evolutionary Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, P.R.China
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Hox genes of proboscipedia (pb) and Sex combs reduced (Scr) and their cofactors are required for determination of insect mouthpart identity and play important roles in insect organ morphogenesis.  However, in the lepidopteran insects, including many agricultural and forest pests, the roles of these genes in determination of mouthpart morphogenesis are unclear.  Here we report that both BmPB (Gene ID: 101740380) and BmSCR (Gene ID: 692761) are essential for labial palpus specification in a lepidopteran model insect, the silkworm, Bombyx mori.  During embryonic morphogenesis, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated mutagenesis of BmPB induced transformation of labial palpus into thoracic leg and BmSCR mutation transformed labial palpus into maxilla.  Mutagenesis of Hox-related cofactor extradenticle (BmEXD; Gene ID: 692478) and its nuclear localization factor homothorax (BmHTH; Gene ID: 576938425) also induced distortion of embryonic labial palpus.  Furthermore, mutagenesis of each of the four genes induced severe degeneration of spigot morphogenesis, an important part of spinneret structure.  Quantitative real-time PCR analysis further revealed that the transcriptional interaction among these genes.  Our data thus provide novel evidence for Hox gene regulation of insect embryonic patterning. 
Keywords:  Bombyx mori        Hox genes        CRISPR/Cas9        embryonic patterning  
Received: 20 May 2019   Accepted:
Fund: This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1738110 and 31572330).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence TAN An-jiang, Tel: +86-21-54924332, E-mail:   
About author:  ZHANG Ru, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

ZHANG Ru, ZHANG Zhong-jie, YU Ye, HUANG Yong-ping, QIAN Ai-rong, TAN An-jiang. 2020. Proboscipedia and Sex combs reduced are essential for embryonic labial palpus specification in Bombyx mori. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 19(6): 1482-1491.

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