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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2020, Vol. 19 Issue (4): 965-974    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62746-2
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Screening of diverse cassava genotypes based on nitrogen uptake efficiency and yield
KANG Liang1, 2, LIANG Qiong-yue1, JIANG Qiang1, 3, YAO Yi-hua1, DONG Meng-meng1, HE Bing1, GU Ming-hua1
1 State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources/College of Agriculture, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, P.R.China
2 College of Pharmacy, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, P.R.China
3 Modern Agricultural Technology Research and Promotion Center, Baise 533612, P.R.China
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Abstract  
As one of the top three tuber crops of the world, cassava is a staple food and feed crop for tropical and subtropical regions.  Because of its high drought resistance and tolerance to nutrient deficiency, cassava is usually cultivated on hilly areas that are nutrient-poor.  Nitrogen (N) is one of the significant factors affecting cassava yield.  A double factorial (N level×genotypes) split-plot field experiment was conducted to analyze differences in yield and N accumulation of 25 cassava genotypes under low-N conditions to screen for cassava genotypes with high-N efficiency.  The two-year field experiment showed that cassava yield and N accumulation are determined by specific genotypes, soil N levels, and year.  Among these factors, soil N levels are the main factors that are responsible for differences in cassava yield.  When yield and relative N accumulation under low-N conditions were used as screening markers, we identified an efficient and responsive genotype (SC10), and two inefficient and non-responsive genotypes (SC205 and GR5).  The efficient and responsive genotype and the inefficient and non-responsive genotype can be used as study materials to further reveal the mechanisms for high-N efficiency in cassava.
Keywords:  cassava        high-nitrogen (N) efficiency        genotype screening        low-N soil  
Received: 02 January 2019   Accepted: 04 March 2020
Fund: This research was provided by the Guangxi Natural Science Foundation, China (2014GXNSFAA118077 and 2018GXNSFDA281056) and the Guangxi Post-graduate Innovative Education Research Program, China (YCBZ2017013 and YCSW2018039). 
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence HE Bing, Tel: +86-771-3235612, E-mail: hebing@gxu.edu.cn; GU Ming-hua, Tel: +86-771-3235612, E-mail: gumh@gxu.edu.cn   
About author:  KANG Liang, E-mail: 55752628@qq.com;

Cite this article: 

KANG Liang, LIANG Qiong-yue, JIANG Qiang, YAO Yi-hua, DONG Meng-meng, HE Bing, GU Ming-hua. 2020. Screening of diverse cassava genotypes based on nitrogen uptake efficiency and yield. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 19(4): 965-974.

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