|Parasitoid wasps as effective biological control agents
WANG Zhi-zhi1, 2, 3, LIU Yin-quan1, 2, 3, SHI Min1, 2, 3, HUANG Jian-hua1, 2, 3, CHEN Xue-xin1, 2, 3
1 Ministry of Agriculture Key Lab of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, P.R.China
2 State Key Lab of Rice Biology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, P.R.China
3 Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, P.R.China
Biological control (biocontrol) is a safe, sustainable approach that takes advantage of natural enemies such as predators, parasitic insects or pathogens to manage pests in agroecosystems. Parasitoid wasps, a very large evolutionary group of hymenopteran insects, are well-known biological control agents for arthropod pests in agricultural and forest ecosystems. Here, we summarize the recent progress on the application of parasitoid wasps in biocontrol in China for the last five years. These include species diversity of parasitoid wasps, identification of dominant parasitoid wasps associated with insect pests and biocontrol practices (three types of biological control, i.e., classical, augmentative and conservation biological control) in several Chinese agroecosystems. We then treat different mass-rearing and release technologies and the commercialization of several parasitoid wasp species. We also summarize other work that may have a potential use in biocontrol, including the effect of plant volatiles on parasitoids and recent advance in the molecular mechanisms underlying the host regulation by parasitoid wasps. Future research area and applied perspectives are also discussed, noting that advances in biocontrol technologies in Chinese agriculture informs research at the global level.
Received: 20 March 2018
|Fund: This research was supported by the Key Program (31630060), Fund for Excellent Young Scholars (31230068) and General Program (31672079 and 31501700) of the National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Correspondence CHEN Xue-xin, Tel: +86-571-88982868, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article:
WANG Zhi-zhi, LIU Yin-quan, SHI Min, HUANG Jian-hua, CHEN Xue-xin.
Parasitoid wasps as effective biological control agents. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(4): 705-715.
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