? Nitrous oxide emissions following seasonal freeze-thaw events from arable soils in Northeast China
JIA
      
Quick Search in JIA      Advanced Search  
    2018, Vol. 17 Issue (01): 231-246     DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61738-6
Agro-ecosystem & Environment Current Issue | Next Issue | Archive | Adv Search Previous Articles  |  Next Articles  
Nitrous oxide emissions following seasonal freeze-thaw events from arable soils in Northeast China
CHEN Zhe1, 2, YANG Shi-qi1, ZHANG Ai-ping1, JING Xin3, SONG Wei-min4, MI Zhao-rong5, ZHANG Qing-wen1, WANG Wen-ying2, YANG Zheng-li1  
1 Key Laboratory for Agro-environment, Ministry of Agriculture/Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
2 School of Life Sciences, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, P.R.China
3 Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education/Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P.R.China
4 Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R.China
5 Farmland Irrigation Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Xinxiang 453002, P.R.China
 Download: PDF in ScienceDirect (0 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
Abstract Seasonal soil freeze-thaw events may enhance soil nitrogen transformation and thus stimulate nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in cold regions.  However, the mechanisms of soil N2O emission during the freeze-thaw cycling in the field remain unclear.  We evaluated N2O emissions and soil biotic and abiotic factors in maize and paddy fields over 20 months in Northeast China, and the structural equation model (SEM) was used to determine which factors affected N2O production during non-growing season.  Our results verified that the seasonal freeze-thaw cycles mitigated the available soil nitrogen and carbon limitation during spring thawing period, but simultaneously increased the gaseous N2O-N losses at the annual time scale under field condition.  The N2O-N cumulative losses during the non-growing season amounted to 0.71 and 0.55 kg N ha–1 for the paddy and maize fields, respectively, and contributed to 66 and 18% of the annual total.  The highest emission rates (199.2–257.4 μg m–2 h–1) were observed during soil thawing for both fields, but we did not observe an emission peak during soil freezing in early winter.  Although the pulses of N2O emission in spring were short-lived (18 d), it resulted in approximately 80% of the non-growing season N2O-N loss.  The N2O burst during the spring thawing was triggered by the combined impact of high soil moisture, flush available nitrogen and carbon, and rapid recovery of microbial biomass.  SEM analysis indicated that the soil moisture, available substrates including NH4+ and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN) explained 32, 36, 16 and 51% of the N2O flux variation, respectively, during the non-growing season.  Our results suggested that N2O emission during the spring thawing make a vital contribution of the annual nitrogen budget, and the vast seasonally frozen and snow-covered croplands will have high potential to exert a positive feedback on climate change considering the sensitive response of nitrogen biogeochemical cycling to the freeze-thaw disturbance.   
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Key wordsN2O     non-growing season     nitrogen biogeochemical cycling     soil moisture     snow cover     structural equation model     
Received: 2017-03-30; Published: 2017-07-18
Fund:

This study was supported by the National Science and Technology Major Project of China (2014ZX07201-009).

Corresponding Authors: Correspondence YANG Zheng-li,Tel:+86-10-82108989,E-mail:yangzhengli@caas.cn   
About author: CHEN Zhe,Mobile: +86-13099770565,E-mail:chenzhe80122@163.com
Cite this article:   
CHEN Zhe, YANG Shi-qi, ZHANG Ai-ping, JING Xin, SONG Wei-min, MI Zhao-rong, ZHANG Qingwen, WANG Wen-ying, YANG Zheng-li. Nitrous oxide emissions following seasonal freeze-thaw events from arable soils in Northeast China[J]. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2018, 17(01): 231-246.
URL:  
http://www.chinaagrisci.com/Jwk_zgnykxen/EN/10.1016/S2095-3119(17)61738-6      or     http://www.chinaagrisci.com/Jwk_zgnykxen/EN/Y2018/V17/I01/231
 
[1] Bracho R, Natali S, Pegoraro E, Crummer K G, Schädel C, Celis G, Hale L, Wu L, Yin H, Tiedje J M, Konstantinidis K T, Luo Y, Zhou J, Schuur E A G. 2016. Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition of permafrost-region soils during laboratory incubations. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 97, 1-14.
[2] Brooks P D, Schmidt S K, Williams M W. 1997. Winter production of CO2 and N2O from Alpine tundra: Environmental controls and relationship to inter-system C and N fluxes. Oecologia, 110, 403-413.
[3] Buckeridge K M, Cen Y P, Layzell D B, Grogan P. 2010. Soil biogeochemistry during the early spring in low arctic mesic tundra and the impacts of deepened snow and enhanced nitrogen availability. Biogeochemistry, 99, 127-141.
[4] Chai Y J, Zeng X B, E S Z, Bai L Y, Su S M, Huang T. 2014. Effects of freeze-thaw on aggregate stability and the organic carbon and nitrogen enrichment ratios in aggregate fractions. Soil Use & Management, 30, 507-516.
[5] Chantigny M H, Rochette P, Angers D A, Goyer C, Brin L D, Bertrand N. 2017. Non-growing season N2O and CO2 emissions - Temporal dynamics and influence of soil texture and fall-applied manure. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 97, 452-464.
[6] Clein J S, Schimel J P. 1995. Microbial activity of tundra and taiga soils at sub-zero temperatures. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 27, 1231-1234.
[7] CRGCST (Cooperative Research Group on Chinese Soil Taxanomy). 2001. Chinese Soil Taxonomy. Science Press, Beijing and New York.
[8] Deluca T H, Keeney D R, Mccarty G W. 1992. Effect of freeze-thaw events on mineralization of soil nitrogen. Biology & Fertility of Soils, 14, 116-120.
[9] Dörsch P, Palojärvi A, Mommertz S. 2004. Overwinter greenhouse gas fluxes in two contrasting agricultural habitats. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 70, 117-133.
[10] Edwards K A, Mcculloch J, Kershaw G P, Jefferies R L. 2006. Soil microbial and nutrient dynamics in a wet Arctic sedge meadow in late winter and early spring. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 2843-2851.
[11] Ehrlich R, Larousse A, Jacquet M A, Marin M, Reiss C. 1985. Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: A rapid direct extraction method to measure microbial biomass nitrogen in soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 17, 837-842.
[12] Elberling B, Michelsen A, Schädel C, Schuur E A G, Christiansen H H, Berg L, Tamstorf M P, Sigsgaard C. 2013. Long-term CO2 production following permafrost thaw. Nature Climate Change, 3, 890-894.
[13] Freppaz M, Williams B L, Edwards A C, Scalenghe R, Zanini E. 2007. Simulating soil freeze/thaw cycles typical of winter alpine conditions: Implications for N and P availability. Applied Soil Ecology, 35, 247-255.
[14] Gaëlle S, Christoph M, Jean-Pierre D, Martine R. 2011. Seasonal trends and temperature dependence of the snowfall/precipitation-day ratio in Switzerland. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, 128-136.
[15] Goldberg S D, Muhr J, Borken W, Gebauer G. 2008. Fluxes of climate-relevant trace gases between a Norway spruce forest soil and atmosphere during repeated freeze-thaw cycles in mesocosms. Journal of Plant Nutrition & Soil Science, 171, 729-739.
[16] Goodroad L L, Keeney D R. 1984. Nitrous oxide emissions from soils during thawing. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 64, 187-194.
[17] Groffman P M, Hardy J P, Driscoll C T, Fahey T J. 2006. Snow depth, soil freezing, and fluxes of carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane in a northern hardwood forest. Global Change Biology, 12, 1748-1760.
[18] Grogan P, Michelsen A, Ambus P, Jonasson S. 2004. Freeze-thaw regime effects on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in sub-arctic heath tundra mesocosms. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 36, 641-654.
[19] Henry H A L. 2007. Soil freeze-thaw cycle experiments: Trends, methodological weaknesses and suggested improvements. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 39, 977-986.
[20] Henry H A L. 2008. Climate change and soil freezing dynamics: Historical trends and projected changes. Climatic Change, 87, 421-434.
[21] Herrmann A, Witter E. 2002. Sources of C and N contributing to the flush in mineralization upon freeze-thaw cycles in soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 34, 1495-1505.
[22] Holst J, Liu C, Yao Z, Brüggemann N, Zheng X, Giese M, Butterbach-Bahl K. 2008. Fluxes of nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide during freezing-thawing cycles in an Inner Mongolian steppe. Plant & Soil, 308, 105-117.
[23] IPCC. 2013. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. p. 1535.
[24] Ju X. 2014. Direct pathway of nitrate produced from surplus nitrogen inputs to the hydrosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111, E416.
[25] Ju X. 2015. Improvement and validation of theoretical N rate (TNR) - Discussing the methods for N fertilizer recommendation. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 52, 249-261. (in Chinese)
[26] Kaiser E A, Heinemeyer O. 1996. Temporal changes in N2O losses from two arable soils. Plant & Soil, 181, 57-63.
[27] Kaiser E A, Kohrs K, Kücke M, Schnug E, Heinemeyer O, Munch J C. 1998. Nitrous oxide release from arable soil: Importance of N-fertilization, crops and temporal variation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 30, 1553-1563.
[28] Koponen H T, Duran C E, Maljanen M, Hytönen J, Martikainen P J. 2006. Temperature responses of NO and N2O emissions from boreal organic soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 1779-1787.
[29] Koponen H T, Martikainen P J. 2004. Soil water content and freezing temperature affect freeze-thaw related N2O production in organic soil. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 69, 213-219.
[30] Kumar N, Grogan P, Chu H, Christiansen C T, Walker V K. 2013. The effect of freeze-thaw conditions on arctic soil bacterial communities. Biology, 2, 356-377.
[31] Li K, Gong Y, Song W, Lv J, Chang Y, Hu Y, Tian C, Christie P, Liu X. 2012. No significant nitrous oxide emissions during spring thaw under grazing and nitrogen addition in an alpine grassland. Global Change Biology, 18, 2546-2554.
[32] Liptzin D, Williams M W, Helmig D, Filippa G, Chowanski K, Hueber J. 2009. Process-level controls on CO2 fluxes from a seasonally snow-covered subalpine meadow soil, Niwot Ridge, Colorado. Biogeochemistry, 95, 151-166.
[33] Liu J, Ulén B, Bergkvist G, Aronsson H. 2014. Freezing-thawing effects on phosphorus leaching from catch crops. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 99, 17-30.
[34] Ludwig B, Wolf I, Teepe R. 2004. Contribution of nitrification and denitrification to the emission of N2O in a freeze-thaw event in an agricultural soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 167, 678-684.
[35] Maljanen M, Kohonen A R, Virkajärvi P, Martikainen P J. 2007. Fluxes and production of N2O, CO2, and CH4 in boreal agricultural soil during winter as affected by snow cover. Tellus (Series B: Chemical & Physical Meteorology), 59, 853-859.
[36] Matzner E, Borken W. 2008. Do freeze-thaw events enhance C and N losses from soils of different ecosystems? A review. European Journal of Soil Science, 59, 274-284.
[37] Mergel A, Schmitz O, Mallmann T, Bothe H. 2001. Relative abundance of denitrifying and dinitrogen-fixing bacteria in layers of a forest soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 36, 33-42.
[38] Mosier A, Schimel D, Valentine D, Bronson K, Parton W. 1991. Methane and nitrous oxide fluxes in native, fertilized and cultivated grasslands. Nature, 350, 330-332.
[39] Müller C, Martin M, Stevens R J, Laughlin R J, Kammann C, Ottow J C G, Jäger H J. 2002. Processes leading to N2O emissions in grassland soil during freezing and thawing. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 34, 1325-1331.
[40] Nielsen C B, Groffman P M, Hamburg S P, Driscoll C T, Fahey T J, Hardy J P. 2001. Freezing effects on carbon and nitrogen cycling in northern hardwood forest soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 65, 1723-1730.
[41] Nyborg M, Laidlaw J W, Solberg E D, Malhi S S. 1997. Denitrification and nitrous oxide emissions from a black chernozemic soil during spring thaw in alberta. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 77, 153-160.
[42] Ouml;quist M G, Mats N, Fred S R, Asa K K, Tryggve P, Per W, Leif K. 2004. Nitrous oxide production in a forest soil at low temperatures-processes and environmental controls. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 49, 371-378.
[43] Papen H, Butterbach-Bahl K. 1999. A 3-year continuous record of nitrogen trace gas fluxes from untreated and limed soil of a N-saturated spruce and beech forest ecosystem in Germany: 1. N2O emissions. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 104, 18487-18503.
[44] Priemé A, Christensen S. 2001. Natural perturbations, drying-wetting and freezing-thawing cycles, and the emission of nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and methane from farmed organic soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 33, 2083-2091.
[45] Regina K, Syvasalo E, Hannukkala A, Esala M. 2004. Fluxes of N2O from peat soils in Finland. European Journal of Soil Science, 55, 591-599.
[46] Risk N, Snider D, Wagner-Riddle C. 2013. Mechanisms leading to enhanced soil nitrous oxide fluxes induced by freeze-thaw cycles. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 93, 401-414.
[47] Röver M, Heinemeyer O, Kaiser E A. 1998. Microbial induced nitrous oxide emissions from an arable soil during winter. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 30, 1859-1865.
[48] Schimel J P, Balser T C, Matthew W. 2007. Microbial stress-response physiology and its implications for ecosystem function. Ecology, 88, 1386-1394.
[49] Schimel J P, Bennett J. 2004. Nitrogen mineralization: Challenges of a changing paradigm. Ecology, 85, 591-602.
[50] Schimel J P, Chapin F S. 1996. Tundra plant uptake of amino acid and NH4+ nitrogen in situ: Plants complete well for amino acid N. Ecology, 77, 2142-2147.
[51] Schimel J P, Clein J S. 1996. Microbial response to freeze-thaw cycles in tundra and taiga soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 28, 1061-1066.
[52] Schuur E A G, Abbott B. 2011. Climate change: High risk of permafrost thaw. Nature, 480, 32-33.
[53] Schuur E A G, Mcguire A D, Schädel C, Grosse G, Harden J W, Hayes D J, Hugelius G, Koven C D, Kuhry P, Lawrence D M, Natali S M, Olefeldt D, Romanovsky V E, Schaefer K, Turetsky M R, Treat C C, Vonk J E. 2015. Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature, 520, 171-179.
[54] Song C, Zhang J, Wang Y, Wang Y, Zhao Z. 2008. Emission of CO2, CH4, and N2O from freshwater marsh in northeast of China. Journal of Environmental Management, 88, 428-436.
[55] Song W, Wang H, Wang G, Chen L, Jin Z, Zhuang Q, He J. 2015. Methane emissions from an alpine wetland on the Tibetan Plateau: Neglected but vital contribution of the nongrowing season. Journal of Geophysical Research (Biogeosciences), 120, 1450-1490.
[56] Syväsalo E, Regina K, Pihlatie M. 2004. Emissions of nitrous oxide from boreal agricultural clay and loamy sand soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 69, 155-165.
[57] Tatti E, Goyer C, Chantigny M, Wertz S, Zebarth B J, Burton D L, Filion M. 2014. Influences of over winter conditions on denitrification and nitrous oxide-producing microorganism abundance and structure in an agricultural soil amended with different nitrogen sources. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 183, 47-59.
[58] Teepe R, Brumme R, Beese F. 2000. Nitrous oxide emissions from frozen soils under agricultural, fallow and forest land. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, 1807-1810.
[59] Teepe R, Brumme R, Beese F. 2001. Nitrous oxide emissions from soil during freezing and thawing periods. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 33, 1269-1275.
[60] Teepe R, Vor A, Beese F, Ludwig B. 2004. Emissions of N2O from soils during cycles of freezing and thawing and the effects of soil water, texture and duration of freezing. European Journal of Soil Science, 55, 357-365.
[61] Wagner-Riddle C, Hu Q C, van Bochove E, Jayasundara S. 2008. Linking nitrous oxide flux during spring thaw to nitrate denitrification in the soil profile. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 72, 908-916.
[62] Wagner-Riddle C, Thurtell G W, Kidd G K, Beauchamp E G, Sweetman R. 1997. Estimates of nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural fields over 28 months. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 77, 135-144.
[63] Wang A, Wu F Z, Yang W Q, Wu Z C, Wang X X, Tan B. 2012. Abundance and composition dynamics of soil ammonia-oxidizing archaea in an alpine fir forest on the eastern Tibetan Plateau of China. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 58, 572-580.
[64] Wipf S, Sommerkorn M, Stutter M I, Wubs E R J, René V D W. 2015. Snow cover, freeze-thaw, and the retention of nutrients in an oceanic mountain ecosystem. Ecosphere, 6, 1-16.
[65] Wolf B, Kiese R, Chen W, Grote R, Zheng X, Butterbach-Bahl K. 2012. Modeling N2O emissions from steppe in Inner Mongolia, China, with consideration of spring thaw and grazing intensity. Plant & Soil, 350, 297-310.
[66] Wu J, Joergensen R G, Pommerening B, Chaussod R, Brookes P C. 1990. Measurement of soil microbial biomass C by fumigation-extraction - An automated procedure. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 22, 1167-1169.
[67] Wu X, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Fu B, Liu G. 2014. Snow cover and soil moisture controls of freeze-thaw-related soil gas fluxes from a typical semi-arid grassland soil: A laboratory experiment. Biology & Fertility of Soils, 50, 295-306.
[68] Xing B, Liu X, Liu J, Han X. 2005. Physical and chemical characteristics of a typical mollisol in China. Communications in Soil Science & Plant Analysis, 35, 1829-1838.
[69] Yanai Y, Toyota K, Okazaki M. 2011. Effects of successive soil freeze-thaw cycles on soil microbial biomass and organic matter decomposition potential of soils. Soil Science & Plant Nutrition, 50, 821-829.
[70] Yang Q, Xu M, Chi Y, Zheng Y, Shen R, Wang S. 2014. Effects of freeze damage on litter production, quality and decomposition in a loblolly pine forest in central China. Plant & Soil, 374, 449-458.
[71] Yu X, Zou Y, Ming J, Lu X, Wang G. 2011. Response of soil constituents to freeze-thaw cycles in wetland soil solution. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 1308-1320.
[72] Zhang Q, Yang Z, Zhang H, Yi J. 2012. Recovery efficiency and loss of 15N-labelled urea in a rice-soil system in the upper reaches of the Yellow River basin. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 158, 118-126.
[73] Zhang T, Barry R G, Armstrong R L. 2004. Application of satellite remote sensing techniques to frozen ground studies. Polar Geography, 28, 163-196.
[74] Zhang X, Bai W, Gilliam F S, Wang Q, Han X, Li L. 2011. Effects of in situ freezing on soil net nitrogen mineralization and net nitrification in fertilized grassland of northern China. Grass & Forage Science, 66, 391-401.
No Similar of article
Copyright © 2015 ChinaAgriSci.com, All Rights Reserved
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) No. 12 South Street, Zhongguancun, Beijing 100081, P. R. China
http://www.ChinaAgriSci.com   JIA E-mail: jia_journal@caas.cn