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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (5): 1167-1178    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63423-2
Special Focus: Resource utilization of agricultural solid waste Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Black soldier fly: A new vista for livestock and poultry manure management
ZHANG Ji-bin1, ZHANG Jia1, LI Jia-hui1, Jeffery K. TOMERLIN2, XIAO Xiao-peng1, Kashif ur REHMAN1, 3, CAI Min-min1, ZHENG Long-yu1, YU Zi-niu
1 State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology/National Engineering Research Center of Microbial Pesticides/College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, P.R.China
2 Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, TX 77843, USA
3 Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Poultry Research Institute, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan
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The number of intensive livestock and poultry farms is expected to increase substantially in future because of consumer demand.  Unfortunately, such demand also results in a great deal of manure being generated, which threatens the environment if it is not properly managed.  Concurrent developments in biotransformation of these wastes with the black soldier fly (BSF), Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomydiae), demonstrates such concerns can be abated, while also producing products (e.g., protein, chitin, biodiesel, and fertilizer) of value.  In this review, we analyzed the factors influencing black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) conversion processes, the role of microorganisms, and the mechanisms used by BSFL when converting livestock and poultry manure into these valuable products.  The effects of BSFL conversion technology on reducing the hazards of such materials and their associated pathogens are reviewed, and the economics of livestock and poultry manure conversion by BSF larvae is discussed. 
Keywords:  black soldier fly        livestock and poultry manure        conversion        mechanism        resource utilization  
Received: 18 May 2020   Accepted:
Fund: This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFD0500203 and 2018YFF0213503) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31770136).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence ZHANG Ji-bin, Tel: +86-27-87287701, E-mail:   
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ZHANG Ji-bin, ZHANG Jia, LI Jia-hui, Jeffery K. TOMERLIN, XIAO Xiao-peng, Kashif ur REHMAN, CAI Min-min, ZHENG Long-yu, YU Zi-niu. 2021. Black soldier fly: A new vista for livestock and poultry manure management. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(5): 1167-1178.

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