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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (6): 1369-1378    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62095-7
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Foliar application of micronutrients enhances crop stand, yield and the biofortification essential for human health of different wheat cultivars
Muhammad Zahir Aziz1, Muhammad Yaseen1, Tanveer Abbas1, Muhammad Naveed1, Adnan Mustafa2, Yasir Hamid3, Qudsia Saeed4, XU Ming-gang2 
1 Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
2 National Engineering Laboratory for Improving Quality of Arable Land, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
3 College of Environmental and Resources Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, P.R.China
4 College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling 712100, P.R.China
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Globally about half of the world’s population is under micronutrient malnutrition due to poor quality food intake.  To overcome this problem, fortification and biofortification techniques are often used.  Biofortification is considered a better option than fortification due to the easy control of nutrient deficiencies present in daily food.  This field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of foliar application of a micronutrient mixture (MNM) consisting of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and boron (B) on yield and flour quality of wheat.  The results show the effectiveness of foliar feeding for growth and yield parameters, in addition to the enriching of wheat grains with Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn and B.  Compared to the control without foliar feeding, foliar application on wheat crop increased tillering ability, spike length, grain yield and the contents of Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe and B by 21, 47, 22, 22 and 25% in wheat flour, respectively.  Therefore, foliar feeding of micronutrients could be an effective approach to enrich wheat grains with essential nutrients for correcting malnutrition.
Keywords:  enrichment        biofortification         malnutrition        micronutrients        wheat flour  
Received: 09 April 2018   Accepted:
Fund: This research work was supported by the Plant Nutrition and Stress Management Laboratory, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence XU Ming-gang, E-mail:   
About author:  Muhammad Zahir Aziz, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Muhammad Zahir Aziz, Muhammad Yaseen, Tanveer Abbas, Muhammad Naveed, Adnan Mustafa, Yasir Hamid, Qudsia Saeed, XU Ming-gang. 2019. Foliar application of micronutrients enhances crop stand, yield and the biofortification essential for human health of different wheat cultivars. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(6): 1369-1378.

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