Please wait a minute...
Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 907-926    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62004-0
Special Issue: 杂草合辑Weed
Research Article Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Weed growth, herbicide efficacy, and rice productivity in dry seeded paddy field under different wheat stubble management methods
Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq1, 2, Abdul Khaliq1, Qiang Sheng2, Amar Matloob3, Saddam Hussain1, Saba Fatima4, Zeshan Aslam
1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
2 Weed Research Laboratory, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, P.R.China
3 Department of Agronomy, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture, Multan 60000, Pakistan
4 Department of Economics, National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
5 Pesticide Residue Laboratory, Kala Shah Kaku, Institute of Soil Chemistry and Environmental Sciences, Government of Punjab, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Download:  PDF (1875KB) ( )  
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
To ascertain the influence of wheat stubble management options and chemical weed control methods on weed growth and productivity of dry direct-seeded fine rice, a two years’ field study was undertaken at the Agronomic Research Farm, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan in 2013 and 2014.  Different wheat stubble management methods, viz., incorporation, burning and retention were executed during seed-bed preparation.  While, herbicide treatments comprised of a weed check, weed free, pendimethalin followed by tank mixture of fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl, and bispyribac sodium followed by tank mixture of fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl.  Results revealed that weed control efficacy of both herbicide treatments ranged from 84 to 94%.  Herbicide treatments significantly reduced weed density (88–90%) and dry weight (86–88%), while improved the rice growth attributes compared with weed check.  Application of bispyribac sodium followed by tank mixture of fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl in stubble retention recorded 226 and 273% increase in kernel yield over weedy check in 2013 and 2014, respectively.  In stubble incorporation, pendimethalin followed by tank mixture of fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl was more effective in increasing (256–293%) rice yields over weedy check.  Among different treatment combinations, the maximum net benefits (1 397.49–1 472.22 USD ha–1), net returns (636–700 USD ha–1), benefit cost ratio (1.77–1.83) and marginal rate of return (2 187–2 330%) were recorded with the application of bispyribac sodium followed by fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl in stubble retention.  In crux, application of bispyribac sodium followed by tank mixture of fenoxaprop p-ethyl+ethoxysulfuron ethyl in stubble retention is efficient approach to control weeds, and get maximum rice productivity and net economic returns under dry seeded system.
Keywords:  herbicide mixture        weedy check        stubble management        weeds density and dry weight        DSR  
Received: 23 March 2018   Accepted:
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Mobile: +86-13260809813, E-mail:    

Cite this article: 

Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Abdul Khaliq, Qiang Sheng, Amar Matloob, Saddam Hussain, Saba Fatima, Zeshan Aslam. 2019. Weed growth, herbicide efficacy, and rice productivity in dry seeded paddy field under different wheat stubble management methods. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(4): 907-926.

Anwar M P, Juraimi, A S, Puteh A, Man A, Rahman M M. 2012. Efficacy, phytotoxicity and economics of different herbicides in aerobic rice. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica (Section B - Soil & Plant Science), 62, 604–615.
Baloch M, Hassan G, Morimoto T. 2005. Weeding techniques in transplanted and wet-seeded rice in Pakistan. Weed Biology and Management, 5, 190–196.
Baloch M S, Awan I U, Hassan G, Khakwani A Z. 2006. Effect of establishment methods and weed management practices on some growth attributes of rice. Rice Research, 13, 131–140.
Beadle C L. 1993. Growth analysis. In: Hall D C, Scurlock J M O, Bolhar-Nordenkampf H R, Leegod R C, Plong S, eds., Photosynyhesis and Production in a Changing Environment. A Field and Laboratory Manual. Chapman and Hall, London. pp. 36–46.
Benegas C P. 1998. Effect of no-tillage systems on chemical and physical characteristics of soil in Paraguy. In: Kokubun M, ed., No-Tillage Cultivation of Soybean and Future Research Needs in South America. Working Report. vol. 13 JIRCAS. Ministry of Agriculture, Forest and Fishery, Ibaraki. pp. 19–28.
Bharadwaj A K, Singh R K, Singh S P, Singh Y, Singh G, Misra R D, Singh M, Kumar A. 2004. Weed management in zero till sown wheat. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 36, 175–177.
Bhullar M S, Kumar S, Kaur S, Kaur T, Singh J, Yadav R, Chauhan B S, Gill G. 2016. Management of complex weed flora in dry-seeded rice. Crop Protection, 83, 20–26.
Bhushan L, Ladha J K, Gupta R K, Singh S, Tirol-Padre A, Saharawat Y S, Gathala M, Pathak H. 2007. Saving of water and labor in a rice-wheat system with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies. Agronomy Journal, 99, 1288–1296.
Chauhan B S, Gill G, Preston C. 2006. In?uence of tillage systems on vertical distribution, seeding recruitment and persistence of rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) seed bank. Weed Science, 54, 669–676.
Chauhan B S, Johnson D E. 2009a. Ecological studies on Cyperus difformis, Cyperus iria and Fimbristylis miliacea: Three troublesome annual sedge weeds of rice. Annals of Applied Biology, 155, 103–112.
Chauhan B S, Johnson D E. 2009b. In?uence of tillage systems on weed seedling emergence pattern in rain fed rice. Soil and Tillage Research, 106, 15–21.
Chauhan B S, Migo T, Westerman P R, Johnson D E. 2010. Post-dispersal predation of weed seeds in rice fields. Weed Research, 50, 553–560.
CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center). 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. CIMMYT, Mexico D.F. pp. 25–33.
El-Titi A. 2003. Soil Tillage in Agroecosystems. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2014. FAOSTAT Database. FAO, Rome.
Franke A C, Singh S, McRoberts N, Nehra A S, Godara S, Malik R K, Marshall G. 2007. Phalaris minor seed bank studies: longevity, seedling emergence and seed production as affected by tillage regime. Weed Research, 47, 73–83.
Hasanuzzaman M, Islam M O, Bapari M S. 2008. Ef?cacy of different herbicides over manual weeding in controlling weeds in transplanted rice. Australian Journal of Crop Sciences, 2, 18–24.
Hunt R. 1978. Plant Growth Analysis. Edward Arnald, London. p. 37.
Irshad A, Cheema Z A. 2002. Growth analysis of transplanted fine rice under different competition durations with barnyard grass. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 4, 123–126.
Khaliq A, Mahmood S, Matloob A, Khan M B, Awan I U. 2012a. Optimizing seeding density and tank mixture of herbicides help reduce yield losses in dry seeded fine rice. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research, 18, 167–181.
Khaliq A, Matloob A. 2011. Weed crop competition period in three fine rice cultivars under DSR culture. Pakistan Weed Science Research, 17, 229–243.
Khaliq A, Matloob A, Ahmad N, Rasul F, Awan I U. 2012b. Post emergence chemical weed control in direct seeded fine rice. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22, 1101–1106.
Khaliq A, Riaz Y, Matloob A. 2011. Bio-economic assessment of chemical and non-chemical weed management strategies in dry seeded fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, 3, 302–310.
Mishra J S, Singh V P. 2012. Tillage and weed control effects on productivity of a dry seeded rice-wheat system on a vertisol in Central India. Soil and Tillage Research, 123, 11–20.
Mubeen K, Nadeem M A, Tanveer A, Jhala A J. 2014. Effects of seeding time and weed control methods in DSR (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 24, 534–542.
Onofri A. 2007. Routine statistical analyses of field experiments by using an Excel extension. In: Proceedings 6th National Conference Italian. Biometric Society, Statistics in the Life Sciences and the Environment, Pisa. pp. 93–96.
Prasad R, Gangaiah B, Aipe K C. 1999. Effect of crop residue management in a rice-wheat cropping system on growth and yield of crops and on soil fertility. Experimental Agriculture, 35, 427–435.
Prasad R, Power J F. 1991. Crop residue management. Advances in Soil Science, 15, 205–251.
Rahman M, Juraimi A S, Jaya Suria A S M, Man A B, Anwar P. 2012. Response of weed flora to different herbicides in aerobic rice. Scientific Research and Essays, 7, 12–23.
Rao A N, Johnson D E, Sivaprasad B, Ladha J K, Mortimer A M. 2007. Weed management in direct-seeded rice. Advances in Agronomy, 93, 153–255.
Singh M, Bhullar M S, Chauhan B S. 2015. Influence of tillage, cover cropping, and herbicides on weeds and productivity of dry direct-seeded rice. Soil and Tillage Research, 147, 39–49.
Singh S, Bhushan L, Ladha J K, Gupta R K, Rao A N, Sivaprasad B. 2006. Weed management in dry-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) cultivated in the furrow-irrigated raised-bed planting system. Crop Protection, 25, 487–495.
Singh S, Yadav A, Malik R K, Singh H. 2002. Long term effect of zero tillage sowing technique on weed flora and productivity of wheat in rice-wheat cropping zones of Indo-Gangetic plains. In: Malik R K, Balyan R S, Yadav A, Pahwa S K, eds., Herbicide Resistance Management and Zero Tillage in Rice-Wheat Cropping System. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCSHAUH), Hisar, Haryana, India. pp. 155–157.
Singh V P, Dhyani V C, Singh S P, Kumar A, Manalil S, Chauhan B S. 2016. Effect of herbicides on weed management in dry-seeded rice sown under different tillage systems. Crop Protection, 80, 118–126.
Singh V P, Kumar A, Banga A. 2010. Current status of zero tillage in weed management. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 42, 1–9.
Singh Y, Singh B, Timsina J. 2005. Crop residue management for nutrient cycling and improving soil productivity in rice-based cropping systems in the tropics. Advance in Agronomy, 85, 269–407.
Steel R G D, Torrie J H, Dickey D. 1997. Principles and Procedure of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book, New York. pp. 352–358.
Watson D J. 1947. Comparative physiological studies on the growth of field crops. I. Variation in net assimilation rate and leaf area between species and varieties and between years. Annals of Botany, 11, 41–76.
Weerakoon W M W, Mutunayake M M P, Bandara C, Rao A N, Bhandari D C, Ladha J K. 2011. Direct-seeded rice culture in Sri Lanka: Lessons from farmers. Field Crops Research, 121, 53–63.
[1] LÜ Jing, Satyabrata NANDA, CHEN Shi-min, MEI Yang, HE Kang, QIU Bao-li, ZHANG You-jun, LI Fei, PAN Hui-peng.

A survey on the off-target effects of insecticidal double-stranded RNA targeting the Hvβ´COPI gene in the crop pest Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata through RNA-seq [J]. >Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 2022, 21(9): 2665-2674.

No Suggested Reading articles found!