农业生态环境-有机碳与农业废弃物还田合辑Agro-ecosystem & Environment—SOC
|Long-term straw return influenced ammonium ion retention at the soil aggregate scale in an Anthrosol with rice-wheat rotations in China
|ZHANG Wen-zhao1, CHEN Xiao-qin2, WANG Huo-yan2, WEI Wen-xue1, ZHOU Jian-min2
|1 Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region and Taoyuan Station of Agro-Ecology Research, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, P.R.China
2 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China
Abstract Soil aggregates are an important controlling factor for the physico-chemical and biological processes such as ammonium (NH4+) retention. Straw return to the field is increasingly recommended to promote soil carbon (C) sequestration and improve crop yields. However, the effects of straw return on NH4+ retention at soil aggregate level in agricultural soils have seldom been investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the influences of long-term straw return on NH4+ adsorption and fixation in microaggregates (<0.25 mm) with or without soil organic carbon (SOC) oxidization. Soil samples were collected from plots of three treatments, i.e., no fertilizer (CK), inorganic NPK fertilizers (NPK), and inorganic NPK fertilizers with rice straw return (NPKS), from a 20-year-old field trial with rice-wheat rotations in Taihu Lake Region, China. Soil aggregates were separated using wet-sieving method. The SOC of microaggregates was oxidized by H2O2. The results showed that long-term straw return significantly increased SOC and NH4+ adsorption, but inhibited NH4+ fixation in microaggregates. NH4+ adsorption potential and strength - obtained from adsorption isotherms - increased, but NH4+ fixation decreased along with increasing SOC in microaggregates, indicating the important role of SOC in NH4+ adsorption and fixation. This was verified by the SOC oxidization test that showed a relative decrease in NH4+ adsorption potential for the NPKS treatment and an increase in NH4+ fixation in all three treatments. Therefore, long-term straw return influences NH4+ adsorption and fixation by enhancing SOC content and could improve N availability for crop uptake and minimize applied N fertilizer losses in rice-wheat cropping systems.
Received: 05 August 2020
Accepted: 04 September 2020
|Fund: This study was funded by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFD0200307 and 2016YFD0200108) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41401295 and 41271309).
|About author: ZHANG Wen-zhao, Tel: +86-451-84619716, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Correspondence CHEN Xiao-qin, Tel: +86-25-86881188, E-mail: email@example.com
Cite this article:
ZHANG Wen-zhao, CHEN Xiao-qin, WANG Huo-yan, WEI Wen-xue, ZHOU Jian-min.
Long-term straw return influenced ammonium ion retention at the soil aggregate scale in an Anthrosol with rice-wheat rotations in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 21(2): 521-531.
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