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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (4): 905-914    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63374-3
Section 1: Poverty governance and international experience Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Do rural highways narrow Chinese farmers’ income gap among provinces?
WENG Yan-zhen1, ZENG Ya-ting2, LIN Wen-sheng3
1 China Academy of Transportation Sciences, Beijing 100029, P.R.China
2 School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, P.R.China
3 School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P.R.China
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To achieve complete poverty alleviation, the improvement of infrastructure and living conditions is fundamental.  Promoting  the flow of factors through infrastructure investment, thereby reducing the income gap among residents, has become an important focus of poverty alleviation.  Because of the high amount of investment in transportation infrastructure, greater attention has been paid to the income distribution effect it brings, but few studies have analysed the effect of rural highways on the income gap of farmers.  Based on the panel data pertaining to 30 provinces in China from 1993 to 2013,  this paper uses a fixed-effect model to test the impact of rural highways supply on the income gap of farmers.  The empirical results show that: (1) The effect of Chinese rural highways on the farmers’ income gap among provinces is “U-shaped”.  (2) Chinese national and provincial trunk highways are helpful in narrowing the farmers’ income gap among provinces.  (3)  The level of education, household productive fixed assets investment, level of urbanization, and level of regional economic  development have multiple effects on the farmers’ income gap among provinces.  Then, based on the empirical analysis, the paper analyzes the mechanism of rural highways affecting the income gap of farmers from a theoretical perspective and focuses on the causes of the “U-shaped” relationship between rural highways supply and farmers’ income gap.
Keywords:  rural highways        farmers&rsquo      income gap        “U-shaped&rdquo      curve       Theil index, poverty  
Received: 22 February 2020   Accepted: 28 March 2021
Fund: We gratefully acknowledge the supports from the Transport Strategic Planning Policy Foundation of the Ministry of Transport of China (2019-4-1) and the Humanities and Social Sciences Project Funded by the Ministry of Education of China (20YJC790005).
Corresponding Authors:  WENG Yan-zhen, Tel: +86-10-58278634, E-mail:;    
About author:  Correspondence ZENG Ya-ting, E-mail:

Cite this article: 

WENG Yan-zhen, ZENG Ya-ting, LIN Wen-sheng. 2021. Do rural highways narrow Chinese farmers’ income gap among provinces?. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4): 905-914.

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