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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2020, Vol. 19 Issue (7): 1912-1917    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63165-3
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First report of the South American tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), in China
ZHANG Gui-fen1, 2, MA De-ying3, WANG Yu-sheng1, GAO You-hua3, LIU Wan-xue1, 2, ZHANG Rong1, FU Wen-jun4, XIAN Xiao-qing1, 2, WANG Jun5, KUANG Meng5, 6, WAN Fang-hao1, 2
1 State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests/Key Laboratory of Integrated Pest Management of Crop, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, P.R.China
2 Center for Management of Invasive Alien Species, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100193, P.R.China
3 Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, P.R.China
4 Agricultural Technology Extension Master Station of Ili Kazakg Autonomous Prefecture, Yining 835000, P.R.China
5 Plant Protection Station of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830006, P.R.China
6 Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Zhengzhou Research Base, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, P.R.China
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Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) originated in South America and is one of the most serious pests of tomatoes.  It is also known to attack other solanaceous crops, including potato, eggplant, pepper, tobacco, and weedy species such as black nightshade.  After accidental introduction into Spain in 2006, this pest spread rapidly throughout Afro-Eurasia and has become a major threat to tomato production worldwide.  Here, we report the first record of T. absoluta as an invasive pest in China.  It was found in tomato fields in Ili Kazakg Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Ili, Xinjiang), China, and its occurrence was confirmed by both morphological and molecular approaches.  In Ili, T. absoluta has been found to attack eggplant, potato, and black nightshade.  We found the larvae generally mining and feeding on leaves and boring into tomato fruits, with multiple larvae sometimes observed in a single fruit.  Its infestation levels differ among the tomato fields and host species.  In all of the surveyed tomato fields, T. absoluta infested 100% of plants.  In some of the fields, up to 90% of the eggplant and 100% of the potato plants were infested.  Since no natural enemies were found under field conditions, suitable management practices are urgently needed to stop the further spread of this destructive pest in China.
Keywords:  invasive pest        molecular identification        mtDNA gene        tomato production        tomato leafminer        Tuta absoluta  
Received: 10 December 2019   Accepted:
Fund: This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFC1200600 and 2016YFC1201200) and the Science and Technology Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (caascx-2017-2022-IAS).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence ZHANG Gui-fen, E-mail:; LIU Wan-xue, E-mail:; WAN Fang-hao, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

ZHANG Gui-fen, MA De-ying, WANG Yu-sheng, GAO You-hua, LIU Wan-xue, ZHANG Rong, FU Wen-jun, XIAN Xiao-qing, WANG Jun, KUANG Meng, WAN Fang-hao. 2020. First report of the South American tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 19(7): 1912-1917.

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