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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (05): 1157-1165    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61274-6
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Differential volatile organic compounds in royal jelly associated with different nectar plants
ZHAO Ya-zhou1, 2, LI Zhi-guo2, TIAN Wen-li1, FANG Xiao-ming1, SU Song-kun2, PENG Wen-jun1
1 Institute of Apicultural Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100093, P.R.China
2 College of Bee Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, P.R.China
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Abstract      The aim of this work was to distinguish volatile organic compound (VOC) profiles of royal jelly (RJ) from different nectar plants.  Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used to extract VOCs from raw RJ harvested from 10 nectar plants in flowering seasons.  Qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis of VOCs extracts were performed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).  Results showed that VOC profiles of RJ from the samples were rich in acid, ester and aldehyde compound classes, however, contents of them were differential, exemplified by the data from acetic acid, benzoic acid methyl ester, hexanoic acid and octanoic acid.  As a conclusion, these four VOCs can be used for distinguishing RJ harvested in the seasons of different nectar plants.
Keywords:  royal jelly        volatile organic compound       nectar plant       headspace solid-phase microextraction       gas chromatography-mass spectrometry  
Received: 06 February 2015   Accepted:

This work was supported by the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program, China (ASTIP) and the Building of Modern Agricultural Industry (Bees) R&D Systems in China (NYCYTI-43-KXJ17).

Corresponding Authors:  PENG Wen-jun, Tel/Tex: +86-10-62597059, E-mail:; SU Song-kun, Tel/Tex: +86-591-83739448, E-mail:   
About author:  ZHAO Ya-zhou, E-mail:

Cite this article: 

ZHAO Ya-zhou, LI Zhi-guo, TIAN Wen-li, FANG Xiao-ming, SU Song-kun, PENG Wen-jun. 2016. Differential volatile organic compounds in royal jelly associated with different nectar plants. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(05): 1157-1165.

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