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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2016, Vol. 15 Issue (7): 1602-1611    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61242-4
Soil & Fertilization﹒Irrigation﹒Plant Nutrition﹒ Agro-Ecology & Environment Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Buried straw layer and plastic mulching increase microflora diversity in salinized soil
LI Yu-yi1, PANG Huan-cheng1, HAN Xiu-fang2, YAN Shou-wei2, ZHAO Yong-gan1, WANG Jing1, ZHAI Zhen1, ZHANG Jian-li2
1 Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
2 School of Life Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
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Abstract      Salt stress has been increasingly constraining crop productivity in arid lands of the world. In our recent study, salt stress was alleviated and crop productivity was improved remarkably by straw layer burial plus plastic film mulching in a saline soil. However, its impact on the microflora diversity is not well documented. Field micro-plot experiments were conducted from 2010 to 2011 using four tillage methods: (i) deep tillage with plastic film mulching (CK), (ii) straw layer burial at 40 cm (S), (iii) straw layer burial plus surface soil mulching with straw material (S+S), and (iv) plastic film mulching plus buried straw layer (P+S). Culturable microbes and predominant bacterial communities were studied; based on 16S rDNA, bacterial community structure and abundance were characterized using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results showed that P+S was the most favorable for culturable bacteria, actinomyces and fungi and induced the most diverse genera of bacteria compared to other tillage methods. Soil temperature had significant positive correlations with the number of bacteria, actinomyces and fungi (P<0.01). However, soil water was poorly correlated with any of the microbes. Salt content had a significant negative correlation with the number of microbers, especially for bacteria and fungi (P<0.01). DGGE analysis showed that the P+S exhibited the highest diversity of bacteria with 20 visible bands followed by S+S, S and CK. Moreover, P+S had the highest similarity (68%) of bacterial communities with CK. The major bacterial genera in all soil samples were Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. Given the considerable increase in microbial growth, the combined use of straw layer burial and plastic film mulching could be a practical option for alleviating salt stress effects on soil microbial community and thereby improving crop production in arid saline soils.
Keywords:  buried straw layer        plastic mulch        soil microflora changes        PCR-DGGE        microflora diversity        salinized soil  
Received: 24 June 2015   Accepted:

This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31471455, 31000692 and 31070002), the Fundamental Research Funds for National Public Research Institutions, China (ZYQHS2015-25), and the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, China (5152017).

Corresponding Authors:  PANG Huan-cheng, E-mail:; ZHANG Jian-li, E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

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