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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 805-814    DOI: 10.1016/S2095–3119(18)62042–8
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Adaptation of Drosophila species to climate change - A literature review since 2003
XUE Qi1, Muhammad Zeeshan Majeed2, ZHANG Wei1, MA Chun-sen1
1 State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Disease and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, P.R.China
2 Department of Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
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Global climate warming has been exerting impacts on agricultural pests.  Pests also take some strategies to adapt to climate change.  Understanding such adaptation could benefit more accurate predictions and integrated management of pest.  However, adaptation to climate change has not been widely investigated in agricultural pests but has been well documented in model species, Drosophila, and reviewed by Hoffmann before 2003.  To provide recent progress and references for agricultural entomologists who interested in thermal biology, here we have reviewed literatures since 2003 about adaptation to temperature changes under climate change.  We mainly summarized thermal adaptation of Drosophila (especially to high temperatures) from three aspects, behaviors, plastic responses and micro-evolution and discussed how Drosophila increases their heat tolerance through these three mechanisms.  Finally, we summarized the measures of thermotolerance and concluded the main progress in recent decade about the behavioral thermoregulation, mortality risks driven by limited evolutionary and plastic response under climate change, geographic distribution based on basal rather than plastic thermotolerance.  We propose future work focus on better understanding adaptation of organisms including agricultural pests to climate change.
Keywords:  global warming        phenotypic plasticity        acclimation        parental effect        thermal tolerance  
Received: 28 February 2018   Accepted:

This work was supported by the earmarked fund of China Agriculture Research System (CARS-29-bc-4), the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Non-profit Scientific Institution, China (Y2017LM10), the National Key R&D Program of China (SQ2018YFD020082) and the Science and Technology Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence MA Chun-sen, Tel/Fax: +86-10-62811430, E-mail:   
About author:  XUE Qi, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

XUE Qi, Muhammad Zeeshan Majeed, ZHANG Wei, MA Chun-sen. 2019. Adaptation of Drosophila species to climate change - A literature review since 2003. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(4): 805-814.

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