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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (4): 891-904    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63583-3
Section 1: Poverty governance and international experience Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Income effects of poverty alleviation relocation program on rural farmers in China
LENG Gan-xiao1, FENG Xiao-long2, QIU Huan-guang
1 School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P.R.China
2 College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, P.R.China
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This paper analyses the impact of the poverty alleviation relocation (PAR) program on rural household income and evaluates the heterogeneous income effects of various relocation modes, based on a panel dataset of relocated households from 16 counties in eight Chinese provinces.  The results show that participation in the PAR increases the income of both rural and urban resettlers.  More specifically, it has a significant positive effect on agricultural and wage income for rural and urban resettlers, respectively.  Further analyses show that the income increase for rural resettlers was mainly due to agricultural technology training and that the income increase for town resettlers was attributed to medical security.  For the village resettlers, policies should focus on strengthening the development of local industries and training of agricultural technologies.  For the urban resettlers, non-agricultural employment and public services in the urban resettlement areas should be promoted. 
Keywords:  targeted poverty alleviation        poverty alleviation relocation        relocation mode        income effects  
Received: 20 February 2020   Accepted: 28 March 2021
Fund: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71861147002 and 71761147004) and supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Research Funds of Renmin University of China (20XHN086).
About author:  LENG Gan-xiao, E-mail:; Correspondence QIU Huan-guang, Tel: +86-10-62513901, E-mail:

Cite this article: 

LENG Gan-xiao, FENG Xiao-long, QIU Huan-guang . 2021. Income effects of poverty alleviation relocation program on rural farmers in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(4): 891-904.

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