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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2021, Vol. 20 Issue (12): 3256-2169    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63576-6
Special Issue: 动物营养合辑Animal Nutrition
Animal Science · Veterinary Medicine Advanced Online Publication | Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Effects of dietary amylose to amylopectin ratio on growth performance, carcass quality characteristics and meat fatty acids in Chinese Qinchuan cattle
PIAO Min-yu1, 2, 3, HU Feng-ming1, 2, 3, KONG Fan-lin1, 2, 3, LIU Yun-long1, 2, 3, WANG Shuo1, 2, 3, CUI Kai1, 2, 3, SUN Tao4, DIAO Qi-yu1, 2, 3, TU Yan1, 2, 3 
Institute of Feed Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
2 Beijing Key Laboratory for Dairy Cow Nutrition, Beijing Municipal Commission of Science and Technology, Beijing 100744, P.R.China
3 Sino-US Joint Laboratory on Nutrition and Metabolism of Ruminants, Beijing 100081, P.R.China
4 ABNA Management (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200051, P.R.China
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This study evaluated the effects of the dietary starch amylose/amylopectin ratio on growth performance, rumen fermentation and blood parameters, carcass characteristics and marbling score, and meat fatty acid profiles and transcriptional changes in the genes involved in the gluconeogenesis pathway in Chinese Qinchuan cattle.  Forty-five cattle were randomly divided into three groups.  The bulls were fed a control diet (middle amylose/amylopectin ratio=0.47) or diets with either waxy corn starch (WS) inclusion (low amylose/amylopectin ratio=0.23) or pea starch (PS) inclusion (high amylose/amylopectin ratio=0.60) for 90 days.  The bulls were individually allowed to receive the diets at the daily amount of at least 2.1% of their individual BW twice daily.  The bulls were weighed at 45-day intervals, and blood and rumen fluid samples were also collected at 45-day intervals.  The bulls were slaughtered and longissimus thoracis (LT) samples were collected for meat quality measurements.  Compared with PS, the average daily gain (ADG) and feed efficiency in control and WS were increased (P<0.05) during d 0 to 45.  However, the feed efficiency in PS was increased (P<0.05) compared with the control and WS during d 46 to 90.  During the whole feeding trial, the ADG in control and WS showed trends that were higher (0.05<P<0.1) than that of PS, while other growth performance measures and feed intake did not differ (P>0.05) among the three groups.  Compared with PS, the serum insulin concentration in WS was increased (P<0.05) at d 45, but not at d 90.  Compared with control and WS, the serum SOD and T-AOC concentrations in PS were increased (P<0.05) at d 45, but not at d 90.  Compared with control, the rumen microbial crude protein contents in WS and PS were increased (P<0.05) at d 0, while those of control and WS were higher (P<0.05) than that of PS at d 45, but not at d 90.  Compared with PS, the backfat thickness in control and WS were increased (P<0.05), however, the marbling score and expression of genes related to the gluconeogenesis pathway in liver of the three groups did not differ (P>0.05).  Chemical and physio-chemical compositions of LT did not differ (P>0.05) among the three groups.  In conclusion, diets with low or middle amylose/amylopectin ratios increased the backfat thickness, and tended to improve ADG, but had no effect on other carcass characteristics, fat content in the LT, or the expression of hepatic genes related to the gluconeogenesis pathway in Chinese Qinchuan cattle. 
Keywords:  amylose/amylopectin ratio        Chinese Qinchuan cattle        utilization efficiency of starch        gluconeogenesis        intramuscular fat  
Received: 18 August 2020   Accepted:
Fund: This study was supported by grants from the major Scientific and Technological Projects of Ningxia (2018GYYQ0002, China), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (6194042), the Earmarked Fund for the Beijing Dairy Industry Innovation Consortium of the Agriculture Research System (BAIC06-2020, China) and the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (CAAS-ASTIP-2017-FRI-04, China).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence TU Yan, Tel: +86-10-82106090, E-mail:   
About author:  PIAO Min-yu, E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

PIAO Min-yu, HU Feng-ming, KONG Fan-lin, LIU Yun-long, WANG Shuo, CUI Kai, SUN Tao, DIAO Qi-yu, TU Yan. 2021. Effects of dietary amylose to amylopectin ratio on growth performance, carcass quality characteristics and meat fatty acids in Chinese Qinchuan cattle. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(12): 3256-2169.

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