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Journal of Integrative Agriculture  2019, Vol. 18 Issue (9): 1945-1952    DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(19)62689-4
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Crop diversity and pest management in sustainable agriculture
HE Han-ming*, LIU Li-na*, Shahzad Munir, Nawaz Haider Bashir, WANG Yi, YANG Jing, LI Cheng-yun
State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources in Yunnan/Faculty of Plant Protection, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, P.R.China
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Large-scale crop monocultures facilitate the proliferation and increasing prevalence of diseases and pest insects.  Many studies highlight the impacts of plant diversification upon pathogens, and the population dynamics of insects and beneficial organism in agricultural ecosystems.  These studies provide evidence that habitat manipulation techniques such as intercropping, relay, and rotation can significantly improve disease and pest management.  This review introduces the concept of crop diversity, considers recent insights and mechanisms underlying crop diversity, and discusses its potential for improving sustainable agricultural practices.  Recently, the phytobiomes resulting from increased crop diversity are increasingly recognized for their contribution to disease and pest control.  Further, understanding the interactions between pathogens or pests with their host phytobiome may lead to novel options for the prevention of pests.  Recent advances in the agricultural systems include: (i) a better understanding of the mechanisms of interactions between crop species and genotypes; (ii) ecological progress including a better understanding of the context-dependency of those interactions; and (iii) the role of microtopographic variation in agricultural systems for priming basal resistance to multiple pests and pathogens by intercropped crops.  We also highlight recent progress in China and the potential options for habitat management and design that enhance the ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystems.
Keywords:  crop diversity        pattern        pest and disease management        priming resistance        phytobiome        holobiont        sustainability
Received: 03 May 2018   Accepted:
Fund: This work is financially supported by the National Key Research & Development Program of China (2017YFD0200400).
Corresponding Authors:  Correspondence LI Cheng-yun, Tel/Fax: +86-871-65227552, E-mail:    
About author:  * These authors contributed equally to this study.

Cite this article: 

HE Han-ming, LIU Li-na, Shahzad Munir, Nawaz Haider Bashir, WANG Yi, YANG Jing, LI Cheng-yun. 2019. Crop diversity and pest management in sustainable agriculture. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(9): 1945-1952.

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